Clinical testing for Fujifilm's COVID-19 treatment drug, Avigan, has officially commenced in the United States, following the testing that began in Japan at the end of March. Further, the Japanese government has pledged that the drug will be made freely available to 20 countries to aid in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic.
Fujifilm announced today the initiation of phase II clinical trials in the US to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Avigan (which also goes by the generic name favipiravir). The trial will take place in collaboration with Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, and the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and will involve some 50 patients infected with COVID-19.
"Avigan, approved in Japan for manufacture and sale as an influenza antiviral drug, selectively inhibits RNA polymerase necessary for influenza virus replication," notes the announcement from Fujifilm (opens in new tab).
"Due to this mechanism of action, it is expected that Avigan may potentially have an antiviral effect on the new coronavirus, because like influenza viruses, coronaviruses are single-stranded RNA viruses that also depend on viral RNA polymerase."
At the same time, the Japanese government will boost its stockpile of the drug, with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pledging to triple the nation's supply in order to treat two million infected people.
“We will work with interested countries to expand clinical research on Avigan internationally,” Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi told press on Tuesday.
According to Japan Times (opens in new tab), "the 20 countries receiving the drug, which is currently undergoing clinical tests, include Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Indonesia, Iran, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia and Turkey, with an additional 30 countries showing interest."
The report notes that Japan is working directly with the United Nations, and will provide the UN Office for Project Services with a $1 million grant to buy and distribute the drug.
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