How to use your DSLR, mirrorless camera, or GoPro as a 4K webcam with a capture card

How to use your DSLR, GoPro or mirrorless camera as a 4K webcam
(Image credit: Elgato)

With many of us still stuck indoors as the coronavirus crisis continues, keeping in touch with people online for work and play has become more crucial than ever. Upgrading your laptop's built-in camera for Zoom, Google Hangouts, Twitch, and so on, has become something that many people are doing. And for this reason many of the best webcams (opens in new tab) are still hard to find in stock in many stores.

So why don't you just plug in your own DSLR, GoPro or mirrorless camera and use this as your camera source to keep in touch over video chats with friends and video conferences with colleagues?

Unfortunately it is not a matter of plug and play here - and to get your photographic gear pressed into service as a webcam you need some extra bit of kit. 

There are exceptions - the Sigma fp (opens in new tab), and the Sony ZV-1 (opens in new tab) - can be used as webcams without any extra hardware or software, using the appropriate menu setting (and the latest firmware). But these are exceptions that prove the norm.

There are also some software solutions to this problem out there - and all the manufacturers now have free webcam software (opens in new tab), that allow you to turn your camera into a webcam.

However, the best technique is to use a hardware dongle that converts the image from the HDMI socket from your camera into a digital form where it can be recognized by your computer (and the app you are using for streaming) as a camera source.

1. Get a dongle

(Image credit: Elgato)
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One of the most respected dongles out there is the Elgato Cam Link (opens in new tab) – made by a company that specializes in peripherals designed to meet the needs of the online gaming community. The Elgato Cam link has a simple HDMI input (to connect to your camera) and a USB 3.0 output (to connect to your computer). 

An advantage of this dongle is that it allows you to transmit at 4K at 30fps, should you need top resolution. And it also provides other resolutions include 1080p at 60fps. And unlike other solutions, this device offers low-latency - so that there is minimal delay in the live video image being transmitted.

Unfortunately the Elgato Cam Link can be hard to find at the moment, as everyone is finding themselves in a world of FaceTime, Zoom and video conferencing. So there are some alternatives, such as Elgato's own HD60 S+ card (which is actually aimed at gamers, but can perform the same conversion task).

2. Advantages of a dongle

(Image credit: Elgato)
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The first obvious advantage of using your own camera as a webcam, is that the quality is almost certainly going to be better than your computer's built-in camera. Most modern DSLRs and mirrorless cameras offer great lowlight performance – and allow you to use fast lenses in a variety of focal lengths, so that you can get the crop and look that you want. You can, of course, position your camera in a position that works well with your desk set-up (but you will probably need a tabletop mini tripod (opens in new tab)).

3. Check compatibility

(Image credit: Elgato)
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There are some things to watch out for when using our camera as a webcam. Elgato warn that you need to check compatibility with the Cam Link (opens in new tab). But the manufacturer has a list of models it has checked (opens in new tab), and shows you clearly how to identify if yours will work even if not listed. Essentially you need a camera that will give a clean output - that fills the frame of the screen, and without overlays over the image. You are also best served if you can run the camera off mains power as you shoot (to avoid the embarrassment of the battery running down mid-call). You also want to avoid cameras that switch themselves off automatically.

4. Alternatives

(Image credit: Digital Camera World)
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With webcams being in high demand due to the lockdown, we have also noticed that stocks of the Elgato Cam Link are low in some places (but we have put links to the ones we have found today below).

A very neat alternative is the Elgato Game Capture HD60 S+, which shares the same UVC (USB Video Class) driver capability that turns your camera into something that standard streaming and conferencing services see as a webcam (you can read Elgato's own technical article (opens in new tab) on the HD60 S+ for more details). 

There are other alternatives such as dongles made by Magewell. Another possible solution is to use a production switcher - that will allow you to stream video from multiple sources; the Blackmagic ATEM Mini (opens in new tab) is a surprisingly affordable solution, and can switch between up to four video sources (although it will take up more room on your desk than a dongle).

Guides to other home working products:

Best webcam for home working (opens in new tab)
Best cameras for streaming (opens in new tab)
The best headset (opens in new tab): Headphones with a mic (opens in new tab)
Best conference webcams (opens in new tab) for groups & meeting rooms
The best all-in-one printer for home working (opens in new tab)
The best monitor for photo editing (opens in new tab)
The best photo-editing laptop (opens in new tab)
The best video-editing laptop (opens in new tab)
Best doorbell cameras (opens in new tab)
Best graphics tablets for photo editing (opens in new tab)
Best tablets for photographers (opens in new tab)
Best broadband deals in the UK (opens in new tab)
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Best website builders for photographers (opens in new tab)
The best laptop stands (opens in new tab)
The best desks for home working (opens in new tab)
The best microphone for vlogging (opens in new tab)
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Chris George has worked on Digital Camera World since its launch in 2017. He has been writing about photography, mobile phones, video making and technology for over 30 years – and has edited numerous magazines including PhotoPlus, N-Photo, Digital Camera, Video Camera, and Professional Photography. 

His first serious camera was the iconic Olympus OM10, with which he won the title of Young Photographer of the Year - long before the advent of autofocus and memory cards. Today he uses a Nikon D800, a Fujifilm X-T1, a Sony A7, and his iPhone 11 Pro.

He has written about technology for countless publications and websites including The Sunday Times Magazine, The Daily Telegraph, Dorling Kindersley, What Cellphone, T3 and Techradar.