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Clean up skin the easy way in Affinity Photo: portrait enhancement made easy

Affinity Photo portrait enhancement
(Image credit: James Paterson)

Watch video: How to retouch a portrait

Affinity Photo offers a host of useful tools for portrait retouching. The healing and clone tools are ideal for removing marks and imperfections, while the tonal tools on offer make it easy to boost tones and add impact to the eyes of a subject. 

Each of these adjustments can be made on separate layers, which gives you the option to tone things down afterwards if an enhancement looks overcooked or unnatural – a common pitfall with retouching.

One of the best features is the dedicated Frequency Separation command, which effectively splits the image in two. The lower layer holds the low frequency detail, which includes tones and colours – in the context of a face, it’s basically the skin tones. By contrast, the upper layer has the high frequency detail, which includes all of the fine slightly more subtle textures, skin pores and little lines on the face.

By splitting the image in two along these lines, we can retouch one independently of the other. So we can, for example, soften blotchy skin or bags under eyes by cloning on the low frequency layer without obliterating all of the fine textures and pores. 

Similarly, we can remove pimples and marks on the high frequency layer without harming the colours underneath. In short, it means we can make our subjects look as if they’ve just had a two-hour mud mask facial treatment followed by a professional makeup job, while still looking natural.

When you first engage the Frequency Separation command you’ll be asked to set the radius for the effect. This determines the amount of blur applied to the low frequency layer. Setting the right amount is crucial. The exact figure will depend on the resolution of your image and the size of the subject in the frame, so it has to be judged by eye. We want a radius that only just blurs the texture of the skin. Pushed too far it can over-blur the transitions between tones and leave the face looking rather flat.

In this Affinity Photo tutorial we’ll explain how to use Frequency Separation, then finish off our portrait with impactful tonal changes to get your subjects looking their best.

Read more:

• Affinity Photo 1.8 review

Step 1: Frequency Separation

You can click on the gadget in the top right corner of these screenshots to zoom in on a larger version. (Image credit: James Paterson)

Start by opening up your portrait image in Affinity Photo and press Cmd/Ctrl+J to duplicate the background layer. Now go to Filters > Frequency Separation. In the dialog box, we choose a radius that only just blurs the textures in the face and leaves gentle transitions between the tones. Here it’s around 4px. Click Apply.

Step 2: Remove uneven tones

(Image credit: James Paterson)

You’ll see two new layers in the Layers panel. Click the tick next to High Frequency to turn it off for now and target Low Frequency. Grab the Healing tool. Alt-click to sample a source near to a blotchy patch of skin, then paint to remove it. Continue working over the face.

Step 3: Soft colour transitions

(Image credit: James Paterson)

The Clone tool can also be useful for retouching the Low Frequency layer. Grab it from the toolbar then hit 2 for 20% opacity (it's a good starting point). Again, Alt-click to sample a clear part of the skin then paint to tone down the bags under the eyes and the rough patches near the corners of the mouth.

Step 4: Retouch marks

(Image credit: James Paterson)

Now highlight and reveal the High Frequency layer then grab the Healing tool. Make sure it’s set to ‘Current Layer’ in the tool options then retouch little lines, pimples and small marks on the skin. You can also use the Clone tool to soften textures that might appear too harsh.

Step 5: Boost the eyes

(Image credit: James Paterson)

Make a new layer and set it to the Color Dodge blend mode. Grab the Brush tool then hold Alt and click to sample the colour in your subject's eyes. Paint over the iris to enhance the colours. If it’s too strong, lower the layer opacity to around 30%.

Step 6: Enhance the tones

(Image credit: James Paterson)

To finish off, click the adjustment layer icon in the Layers panel and choose HSL. Target the Reds and lift luminosity slightly, then repeat for Yellows. This gently lifts the skintones. Next add a Curves adjustment layer then plot an S-shaped curve to boost contrast. Target the Blues, and lift the bottom point upwards slightly as shown

Quick tip

When you first engage the Frequency Separation command you’ll be asked to set the radius for the effect. This determines the amount of blur applied to the low frequency layer. Setting the right amount is crucial. The exact figure will depend on the resolution of your image and the size of the subject in the frame, so it has to be judged by eye. We want a radius that only just blurs the texture of the skin. Pushed too far it can over-blur the transitions between tones and leave the face looking rather flat.

About N-Photo magazine

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