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The best photo editing software in 2021: don't just stop at Photoshop!

Best photo editing software: DxO Nik Collection 4
(Image credit: DxO)

What is the best photo editing software? Once up on a time there was just one answer: Photoshop. But times have changed, and while Photoshop has moved on in its own steady way, there's a whole new generation of tools that now go way further. Photographers need more than a simple desktop photo editor these days. It's not just about selections, masks and layers any more – we need non-destructive editing, image cataloguing and inspiring and evocative effects that open our eyes to what's possible.

Despite its mighty reputation, Photoshop is just a photo editor. That's all it does. If you need to open a raw file it has to go through Adobe Camera Raw first, and while that is included in the deal, it's a tiresome extra process that many other programs don't require. If you need to organize your photos (who doesn't?) you need a separate program like Lightroom (included in the same Adobe Creative Cloud Photography Plan). 

But Photoshopping and organizing are not the only things photographers want to do these days. If you want advanced black and white effects, retro/analog filters, HDR merging or one of dozen other specialised 'looks', you're often better off using a custom-made plug-in or a different application.

Remember that Photoshop is also for artists, designers, videographers and illustrators too. There's a lot in Photoshop you won't need, and there's only a finite amount of space inside Photoshop for photography-specific tools.

So Photoshop is great at what it does, but what it does is starting to look pretty limited. Which is why the other programs on our list all deserve a long, hard look. Many are cheaper, many are simpler, many are smarter.

Lightroom is so powerful you may not need Photoshop at all, Affinity Photo does everything that Photoshop does at a fraction of the price, Capture One is like Lightroom for pros, DxO PhotoLab can make the results from ordinary cameras and lenses look better than you could ever have imagined, and the DxO Nik Collection can apply one-click effects and filters that would take an age in Photoshop.

If you're looking for cheaper all-in-one photo editors, Adobe Photoshop Elements might seem the obvious choice, but first take a look at ON1 Photo RAW 2021, Exposure X6 and Skylum Luminar AI. Adobe might still be the big name in photo editing, but don't decide anything until you see what its rivals can do!

Best photo editing software in 2021

(Image credit: Adobe)

1. Adobe Photoshop CC 2021

If all you want is technical, in-depth editing, Photoshop still rules

PC: Intel Core 2 or AMD Athlon 64 processor 2 GHz, 2GB RAM (8GB recommended), Windows 7 to 10 | Mac: Multicore Intel 64-bit, 2GB RAM (8GB recommended), OS X 10.11 or later | Hard drive: 4GB | Minimum screen resolution: 1024x768 pixels

Immensely powerful
Clean, intuitive interface
Needs Lightroom for organizing
Raw processing is separate (ACR)

Despite its immense power, Photoshop is slick, powerful and constantly improving. Its support for selections, masks and layers is unmatched, making it the tool of choice for complex composite images. Despite its reputation for complexity, Photoshop actually offers a very clean, slick interface. There are no ‘novice’ modes, but the tools panel does offer fly-out animations that show you how the tools work and what they do. There are no image browsing or cataloguing tools in Photoshop itself, but since Lightroom is included in the same Photography Plans as Photoshop, that’s not an issue. On its own, Photoshop is powerful but limited; with Adobe Lightroom it’s half of the world's most popular image editing double-act. Remember, though, that it's aimed at designers, illustrators and artists, not just photographers.

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(Image credit: Rod Lawton/Digital Camera World)

2. Adobe Photoshop Lightroom Classic/CC

With Lightroom, you might hardly use Photoshop at all

PC: Intel Core 2 or AMD Athlon 64 2 GHz or faster, 2GB RAM (8GB recommended), Windows 7 SP1 to 10 | Mac: Intel 64-bit, 2GB RAM (8GB recommended), OS X 10.12 or later | Hard drive: 2GB (10GB for CC) | Minimum screen resolution: 1024x768 pixels

Seamless raw editing
Easy Photoshop 'round-tripping'
Mobile synchronisation
Lightroom CC is limited
Lightroom Classic can be slow

Lightroom is an all-in-one image cataloguing, raw-processing and editing program and the perfect partner for Photoshop. If your main work is photo enhancement rather than manipulation, you might not need Photoshop at all. HOWEVER, Adobe has made things more confusing by splitting off the ‘old’ Lightroom, now called Lightroom Classic, for regular desktop storage, and introducing a new, slimmed-down Lightroom CC (now just plain 'Lightroom') which stores all your photos online. You get both in the main Adobe Photography Plan, but for us the Classic version is by far the best. It lets you apply one-click presets in a fraction of the time it takes to apply manual edits in Photoshop, and there's a great range of free Lightroom presets out there too. 

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3. Affinity Photo 1.8

It has the power of Photoshop but without the subscription

PC: Processor not quoted, 2GB RAM (4GB recommended), Windows 7 SP1 to 10 | Mac: 64-bit Core Duo 2 or better, 2GB RAM, OS X 10.9 or later | Hard drive: 670MB | Minimum screen resolution: 1280x768 pixels

Powerful tools
Cheap to buy
No cataloguing tools
Quite technical

We complain that there's too much Photoshop doesn't do, but the fact is for many photographers this kind of old-school image-editor is exactly what they need. And Affinity Photo gives you exactly the same thing, but subscription-free, via a single extra-low payment. Affinity Photo is sold at a budget price point, but it has the tools and the features and the power to compete with Photoshop head-on. Serif has focused particularly heavily on the retouching market, with cloning, healing and retouching tools, an Inpainting tool for automatic object removal and a dedicated Liquify persona (workspace) for localized image distortion effects. Affinity Photo is an extremely powerful photo editor with more tools and features than there’s space to list here, from focus stacking to high-end frequency separation – and version 1.8 is a free update for existing users that brings another raft of improvements.

Read more: Affinity Photo 1.8 review

(Image credit: George Cairns/Digital Camera World)

4. Capture One Pro 21

Pricier than Lightroom but more powerful, with better raw processing

PC: 2-core CPU or better, 8GB RAM, Windows 7 SP1 to 10 | Mac: 2-core CPU or better, 8GB RAM, OS X 10.12.6 or later | Hard drive: 10GB | Minimum screen resolution: 1200x800 pixels

Excellent raw processing
Layers based adjustments
Great tethering tools

Capture One works both as tethered capture and editing tool for studio photographers with a 'sessions' based workflow and as a Lightroom-style image cataloguing, searching and non-destructive editing tool. It works in a single window rather than in Lightroom-style ‘modules’ and has a highly customizable set of ‘tool tabs’. One of the key differences is its layers-based local adjustment system which makes it much easier to see and edit your changes to your work, and this now includes 'parametric' linear and radial gradient masks which you can edit later. Capture One’s conversions look smoother and sharper than Lightroom's, and Phase One's new co-operative arrangement with Fujifilm means it can produce just about the best Fujifilm processing you'll see and also recreate Fujifilm's Film Simulation modes. Fujifilm, Nikon and Sony users can get discounted one-brand versions of the software – but choose the all-cameras version if you work on files from multiple cameras. 

(Image credit: DxO)

5. DxO Nik Collection 4

New and improved, Nik Collection 4 is still the best plug-in suite ever

PC: Intel Core 2 or AMD Athlon 64 X2, 4GB RAM (8GB recommended), Windows 7 64-bit SP1 to 10 | Mac: Intel Core i5 or higher, 4GB RAM (8GB recommended), OS X 10.12 or later | Hard drive: 4GB | Minimum screen resolution: Not quoted

The world's best plug-in suite
New Perspective Efex plug-in
New non-destructive workflow
Ideally needs a 'host' program

Nik Collection 4 is the latest version of the celebrated Nik suite, and consists of eight separate plug-ins which can also be used as standalone programs. Analog Efex Pro is brilliant at analog/darkroom effects, while Color Efex Pro is a hugely powerful suite of filters for individual use or combined into 'recipes'. Silver Efex Pro remains the best digital black and white plug-in ever and is updated in this version with a fresh, modern interface, a new ClearView option and more powerful selective control points. Viveza gets the same treatment and is elevated from a relatively simple local adjustment tool into a much more powerful plug-in. HDR Efex Pro is pretty handy as an HDR merging/effects tool, and while Sharpener Pro and Dfine feel pretty dated now, they can still be useful for output sharpening and noise reduction respectively. And then there's Perspective Efex, DxO's most recent addition, which offers powerful lens and perspective corrections, tilt-shift effects and advanced wide-angle distortion correction. 

Read more: DxO Nik Collection 4 review

6. DxO PhotoLab 4

PhotoLab 4 can make even modest gear produce spectacular results

PC: Intel Core 2 or AMD Athlon 64 X2, 4GB RAM (8GB recommended), Windows 7 SP1 to 10 | Mac: Intel Core i5 or higher, 4GB RAM (6GB recommended), OS X 10.12 or later | Hard drive: 4GB | Minimum screen resolution: Not quoted

Superb raw processing
Excellent lens corrections
Doesn't support Fujifilm X-Trans sensors
PhotoLibrary improving slowly

DxO PhotoLab is the replacement for the old DxO Optics Pro, adding local adjustment tools from DxO's acquisition of the Nik Collection software to make it a more powerful all-round photo-editing solution. You use the PhotoLibrary window to browse your image folders, create Projects and carry out basic filtering and housekeeping tasks, but PhotoLab's real strength is its superb raw processing, amazingly effective DeepPRIME denoise tool (Elite edition only), excellent local image adjustments and highly effective (and automatic) lens corrections. The image quality produced by PhotoLab is second to none. On the downside, you’ll need the more expensive Elite edition to get DxO's DeepPRIME and ClearView Plus features, and if you want to apply perspective corrections (once built into Optics Pro) you’ll need the DxO ViewPoint plug-in.

Read: DxO Photolab 4 review

(Image credit: Skylum)

7. Luminar AI

Luminar's AI-driven filters and tools can redefine reality!

PC: Intel Core i5 or better, Windows 10 (64-bit) | Mac: MacOS 10.13.6 or higher | Hard drive: 10GB | Minimum screen resolution: 1280×768 or higher

Wide range of filters and tools
Customisable workspaces
Non-destructive workflow
No support for layers
Templates lack a little variety

Skylum Luminar is a relative newcomer to the photo-editing scene but it's made a big splash already. Luminar AI offers a complete redesign on earlier versions, focusing heavily on AI effects and 'templates', automatically analyzing your images and suggesting some great looks. If you like the idea of an all-in-one photo-editor that can both organise your images and edit them with a fully non-destructive workflow, then you're in the right place! It even supports image layers, masks and montages. Luminar AI is a very powerful and effective mid-range photo-editor which is pioneering some very effective AI editing tools. Its AI Sky Replacement filter is quite exceptional, and its portrait enhancement tools are more subtle and effective than ever you'd expect in an all-round image editor. It can be used as a standalone program, or as a plugin with Photoshop CC, Lightroom Classic, or Apple Photos. 

(Image credit: Rod Lawton/Digital Camera World)

8. Exposure Software Exposure X6

Evocative analog effects in a powerful and efficient all-in-one editor

PC: Intel Core 2 or compatible, Windows 7 64-bit or later | Mac: Intel Core 2 or compatible, OS X 10.10 or later | Hard drive: Not quoted | Minimum screen resolution: 1280x768 pixels

Powerful all-in-one editing tool
Easy non-destructive editing
Huge range of presets
Scanning large folders can be slow
Raw processing isn't great

Like ON1 Photo RAW 2021 (below), Exposure X6 is a relatively little-known program that deserves a lot more recognition than it gets. It’s a subtle, powerful and efficient all-in-one photo editing and browsing tool that specializes in analog film effects and comes with a huge library of simple one-click preset effects. It doesn't offer image layers, so you can't combine photos, but for many photographers that won't matter. Exposure X6's strengths are its neat, simpler interface, some beautiful effects and presets and straightforward and effective tools. Like ON1 Photo RAW 2021, it also offers non-destructive adjustments and 'virtual copies' to try out lots of different looks for a single image without having to save additional files. Exposure X6 brings an Auto Enhance feature, GPU accelerated processing, improved noise and highlight handling and a new color replacement tool.

(Image credit: ON1)

9. ON1 Photo RAW 2021

ON1 Photo RAW 2021 is like the Swiss Army Knife of editing tools

PC: Intel Core 2 Duo, Xeon, or better, 4GB RAM (16GB recommended), Windows 7 to 10 | Mac: Intel Core 2 Duo, 4GB RAM (16GB recommended), OS X 10.12 or later | Hard drive: 1.5GB | Minimum screen resolution: 1280x720 pixels

Great range of effects
Support for layers
Non-destructive editing
Some apparent duplication of tools
Browsing vs catalogs is confusing

ON1 Photo RAW is perhaps the single most complete solution of all the programs here, and the 2021 version brings new color selection and replacement tools, a new Spot Healing Brush and new portrait and landscape enhancement tools. There's also an optional ON1 subscription service for Adobe style image sharing and synchronizing with mobile devices. ON1 Photo RAW 2021 has a built-in hybrid browsing and cataloguing module that gives you fuss-free exploring of your image folders but more powerful search tools if you need them. It has an Edit module with Develop, Effects, Portrait and Local (adjustment) panels, and the Effects module alone has a vast array of filters that can be adjusted, masked and combined in an infinite array of permutations. It pulls off a particularly amazing trick, incorporating layers, masking and compositing tools into its fully non-destructive workflow. ON1 Photo RAW might not be as well-known as some rivals, but it's worth any keen photographer taking a look, especially with its fresh, crisp and modern new interface.

(Image credit: Adobe)

10. Adobe Photoshop Elements 2021

Elements is affordable and effective, and a good choice for novices

PC: 64-bit 1.6GHz or faster, 8GB RAM, Win 10 v1903 or later | Mac: Intel 6th Gen or later, 8GB RAM, OS X 10.14 or later | Hard drive space: 7.8GB | Minimum screen resolution: 1280x800 pixels

Friendly interface
Guided edits
Raw processing limited
Many effects are crude

So far, every program in this list has been a stellar performer perfect for its own particular audience. Elements 2021 brings new Adobe Sensei AI powered features including animated 2D and 3D GIFs and a clever new 'face tilt' feature. The Elements editor, which has an eLive mode for inspiration and tutorials, a Quick mode for fast and simple effects, a Guided mode with an ever-expanding list of effects walkthroughs (three more added in the 2021 version), and an Expert mode with the full range of tools. You can get Photoshop Elements on its own, or with Adobe Premiere Elements as a bundle – Premiere Elements does for video what Photoshop Elements does for photography. Elements 2021 is good value, but its interface, its approach to editing and its Guided Edits are all starting to look rather old-fashioned.

Read more: Photoshop Elements 2021 review

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Rod Lawton

Rod is the Group Reviews editor for Digital Camera World and across Future's entire photography portfolio, with decades of experience with cameras of all kinds. Previously he has been technique editor on N-Photo, Head of Testing for the photography division and Camera Channel editor on TechRadar. He has been writing about photography technique, photo editing and digital cameras since they first appeared, and before that began his career writing about film photography. He has used and reviewed practically every interchangeable lens camera launched in the past 20 years, from entry-level DSLRs to medium format cameras, together with lenses, tripods, gimbals, light meters, camera bags and more.