The 10 highest-resolution cameras you can buy today: ultimate pro cameras

Sony A7R Mark IV
(Image credit: Future)

The Sony A7R Mark IV is the highest resolution full frame camera you can buy – but there are cameras with more megapixels than this. We find out where the A7R Mark IV sits in the megapixel rankings right now.

Megapixels cost money and the best cameras for professionals inevitably come with a hefty price tag. For this comparison we’re ignoring cameras with ‘multi-shot’ high resolution modes that use pixel-shift trickery and multiple exposures. We’re only going to list cameras by their native resolutions, and we only include cameras you can actually buy, not prototypes, one-offs, made-to-order specials or development concepts. This list includes some of the best medium format cameras and the best mirrorless cameras you can buy right now.

We haven’t picked every single model and permutation from every maker’s range, either. If we did that, the PhaseOne and Hasselblad lists alone would be unmanageable. Instead, we’ve gone for the landmark models in each camera range.

So here goes…

PhaseOne IQ4

(Image credit: Phase One)

1. PhaseOne XF IQ4 150MP Camera System

With 151 million pixels, this is the highest resolution camera of all

Sensor: Medium format | Megapixels: 151MP | Lens mount: Phase One | LCD: 3.2" | Viewfinder: Eye-level or waist-level viewfinder options | Max continuous shooting speed: N/A | Max video resolution: N/A | User level: Professional

Highest native resolution available
53.4 x 40mm 'full frame' MF sensor
Massively expensive
For considered (slow) photography

Crazy money? For an amateur, maybe, but for a high-end commercial or fashion photographer, its a business decision like any other, like leasing premises or buying commercial vehicles. The XF IQ4 needs careful handling and considerable investment. It’s not a walkaround camera you can stuff into a backpack. But this, and high-end medium format cameras like it, can achieve a level of quality, precision and control you wouldn’t believe. The XF 1Q4 system is so exclusive you can't just go on Amazon and buy one – you have to go through Phase One's specialist dealer network.

Fujifilm GFX 100

(Image credit: Fujifilm)

2. Fujifilm GFX 100

With a massive 102 million pixels, the GFX 100 seizes second place

Sensor: Medium format | Megapixels: 102MP | Lens mount: Fujifilm G | LCD: 3.2-inch touchscreen, 2.36 million dots | Viewfinder: EVF, 5.76 million dots | Max continuous shooting speed: 5fps | Max video resolution: 4K at 30fps | User level: Professional

Incredible resolving power
Fast phase-detection AF
In-body stabilisation could be better
Tiring in extended handheld use

The GFX 100 narrowly beats the Hasselblad H6D-100c (below) at one third the price. This is how far affordable medium format cameras have come! Having said that, sensor size gets you bragging rights in medium format, just like anywhere else, and the Hasselblad and PhaseOne have ‘full size’ medium format sensors, while the GFX 100 has a smaller sensor mid-way between this and regular 35mm full frame. But look – the GFX100 is a 100-megapixel camera at less than a third of the price of the others. That in itself is amazing, as is the fact this is a camera you can use handheld, with lenses you can afford!

(Image credit: Hasselblad)

3. Hasselblad H6D-100c

With 100 million pixels (but a bigger sensor), the H6D-100c is third

Sensor: Medium format | Megapixels: 100MP | Lens mount: Hasselblad | LCD: 3-inch touchscreen, 920k dots | Viewfinder: Optical, interchangeable | Max continuous shooting speed: 1.5fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Professional

Professional modular system
Superb quality
Expensive!
Mainly for studio/tripod use

Canon and Nikon have been duking it out for years in the DSLR market, but in the world of medium format it’s PhaseOne vs Hasselblad. The H6D-100c is the latest in Hasselblad’s long-running modular medium format system, and while Hasselblad can’t match the Phase One for megapixels without resorting to multi-shot models like the H6D-400c (pictured), it does have the cachet and customer loyalty of the Hasselblad brand, and the company has been extremely good at combining its new tech with its much-loved legacy products. Should it really be in third place behind the GFX 100? Only for megapixels – it’s very a different kind of camera.

Sony A7R IV

(Image credit: Sony)

4. Sony A7R IV

61MP is the highest resolution so far for a full-frame camera

Sensor: Full frame | Megapixels: 61MP | Lens mount: Sony FE | LCD: 3-inch tilting touchscreen, 1.44 million dots | Viewfinder: EVF, 5.76 . million dots | Max continuous shooting speed: 10fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Professional

Highest full frame resolution yet
4K video and 10fps shooting
In-body stabilisation not convincing
Sony lenses can be BIG

Sony wants users to see the A7R Mark IV as a medium format rival, and if you judge it on megapixels alone, it’s right in there. It beats base-level 50MP medium format models by some margin and is nipping at the heels of some very big and expensive cameras indeed. However, although Sony’s excellent G Master lenses are fast enough to match the shallow depth of field of bigger but slower medium format lenses, there’s still a magical X-factor that comes from bigger sensors. 

Pentax 645Z

(Image credit: Pentax)

5. Pentax 645Z

The 51MP 645Z is like a supersized Pentax DSLR, and affordable too

Sensor: Medium format | Megapixels: 51MP | Lens mount: Pentax 645AF2 | LCD: 3.2", 1,037,000 dots | Viewfinder: Prism type | Max continuous shooting speed: 3fps | Max video resolution: Full HD at 30fps | User level: Professional

Large sensor with big pixel count
Tilting Live View-enabled screen
Big and heavy (1.5+kg without lens)
It's good, but 5 years old now

Never forget Pentax! The 645Z has been around for so long it’s easy to overlook the fact this is the camera that made medium format affordable and is still amongst the best Pentax cameras. These days, its DSLR construction, size, 3fpx maximum burst speed and full HD video make it feel dated and increasingly irrelevant – but its resolution still puts it in the top half of our all-time highest-resolution list, and if you like an old-school approach, its design could appeal to you a lot more than its recent mirrorless rivals.

Fujifilm GFX 50R

(Image credit: Fujifilm)

6. Fujifilm GFX 50R

How can a 50MP camera be in sixth place? That's how far we've come

Sensor: Medium format | Megapixels: 51.4MP | Lens mount: Fujifilm G | LCD: 3.2" touchscreen, 2.36 million dots | Viewfinder: 0.5" OLED, 3.69 million dots | Max continuous shooting speed: 3fps | Max video resolution: 1920x1080 (Full HD) | User level: Professional

Rangefinder-style top plate controls
Weather-resistant compact body
No 4K video offered
Modest burst mode and leisurely AF

Megapixels cost money, especially when you move up to a medium format camera. But now you can get that medium format x-factor in a camera that feels about half the size and is certainly less than half the price. The GFX 50R doesn’t have the megapixels, phase detection AF or in-body stabilisation of the GFX 100, but it’s not much more expensive than a premium full-frame camera – and gives you a completely different picture-taking experience and superb RAW files.

Hasselblad X1D II 50c

(Image credit: Hasselblad)

7. Hasselblad X1D II 50c

Style and image quality combined... at a price

Sensor: Medium format | Megapixels: 50MP | Lens mount: Hasselblad X | LCD: 3.0" touchscreen, 920K dots | Viewfinder: Electronic, 2.36 million dots | Max continuous shooting speed: 2.3fps | Max video resolution: 1920x1080 (Full HD) | User level: Professional

Impressively lightweight yet robust build
Stunningly detailed imagery
Some operational quirks
Pricier than the GFX 50R

The recently revamped X1D II is a super-stylish snapper with its own range of lenses and its own minimalist finesse. We found the earlier model lovely to look at but a little flaky in its operation, so we look forward to trying the new X1D II 50c properly when we get a full review sample. Its 50-megapixel resolution is starting to look a little ordinary (it barely gets it sixth place in this list!), but Hasselblad’s lenses and image quality are beautiful – not least because of this camera’s 16-bit RAW files. It’s not the fastest camera to use, but it’s got to be one of the prettiest.

Canon EOS 5DS

(Image credit: Canon)

8. Canon EOS 5DS/R

Its 50 million pixels look good on paper, but Canon's DSLR feels dated

Type: DSLR | Sensor: Full frame | Megapixels: 50.6MP | Lens mount: Canon EF | Screen: 3.2-inch, 1,040,000 dots | Viewfinder: Pentaprism | Max burst speed: 5fps | Max video resolution: 1080p | User level: Professional

50 million pixels!
Not that expensive
Weak live view AF
Only 1080 video

For a long time now, this has been the highest-resolution full-frame DSLR you can buy. But apart from bragging rights, it doesn’t seem to have got Canon very far as the overall response to the Canon EOS 5DS appears to have been lukewarm. The fact is, resolution aside, this is a pretty old design, with no Dual Pixel CMOS AF and no 4K video. In fast-changing mirrorless world, the EOS 5DS/R feels a bit of a dinosaur, and even its 50 million pixels can’t change that.

Panasonic Lumix S1R

(Image credit: Panasonic)

9. Panasonic Lumix S1R

With 47.3MP, it's the highest-resolution full frame Panasonic

Type: Mirrorless | Sensor: Full frame | Megapixels: 47.3MP | Screen: 3.2-inch, 2,100k | Viewfinder: Electronic, 5,760k | Lens: L-mount | Continuous shooting speed: 9fps | Max video resolution: 4k | User level: Expert/professional

Huge resolution
High-end 4K video
Heavy and expensive
Lens range still limited

Yes, the Lumix S1R has 3 million fewer pixels than the Canon EOS 5DS/R, but it’s a camera designed for the modern digital age of 4K video and content creation, where the Canon belongs to an older, simpler era. We have to put the Lumix S1R below the Canon in our megapixel listing on numbers alone, but in reality the S1R represents the present (and the future), while the EOS 5DS/R is the past.

Front 3/4s view of the Nikon Z7

(Image credit: Nikon)

10. Nikon Z 7

Nikon’s 45.7MP full-frame mirrorless camera is only tenth!

Type: Mirrorless | Sensor: Full frame CMOS | Megapixels: 45.7MP | Lens mount: Nikon Z | Monitor: EVF, 3,690k dots, 100% coverage | Continuous shooting speed: 9fps | Viewfinder: EVF | Max video resolution: 4K UHD at 30p | User level: Enthusiast/Professional

Value for money
45.7 million pixels
Single XQD card slot
Lens range still growing

2018’s influx of full frame mirrorless cameras brought a new round of megapixel wars. The Nikon Z 7 stole a march on the Sony A7R III with around 3 million more pixels, but then along came Panasonic and the Lumix S1R, which sneaked its nose ahead just that little bit further. Even megapixel zealots would probably concede, though, that the Sony A7R III, Nikon Z 7 and Lumix S1R are close enough to be considered the same. It’s just a pity for Nikon and Panasonic that Sony has now brought out the A7R IV!

Read more:

• What are the best cameras for professionals?
• We think these are the best medium format cameras right now
• Which is the best mirrorless camera to choose?