The best full frame mirrorless camera in 2024: Sony, Canon, Nikon & Panasonic

The full-frame mirrorless cameras stand at the forefront of advanced imaging technology today. They boast some of the highest resolutions, fastest burst speeds, sophisticated autofocus, and top-notch video specs. But while all are bound by the same size sensor, there is a lot that separates the best full frame mirrorless cameras which complicates any buying decision.

This list has something for everyone – from pixel enthusiasts seeking the highest resolution camera for ultra-detailed images and top-quality prints – to the realms of fast-paced professional cameras, where top-tier super-fast mirrorless cameras reign supreme with the Nikon Z9 and Canon EOS R3, battling it out in this fiercely competitive category.

Full frame mirrorless cameras are also great video cameras – from serious filmmaking to vlogging and streaming. Video aficionados will find the Panasonic Lumix S5IIX shines as one of the finest professional and consumer video cameras available. 

While pricier than smaller-sensor cameras, full frame cameras don't have to cost the earth. For those watching their wallets, there are relatively affordable full-frame mirrorless cameras – represented on this list by the Sony A7 III. If you want more choices in this area, check out our guide to the cheapest full frame camera

So, let's dive in and explore!

The Quick List

The best full frame mirrorless cameras in 2024

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Best full frame mirrorless camera for pros

(Image credit: Digital Camera World)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for pros

Specifications

Megapixels: 45MP
Monitor: 3.15-inch fully articulating touchscreen, 2,100k dots
Continuous shooting speed: 12fps mechanical shutter, 20fps electronic shutter
Viewfinder: 0.5-inch OLED EVF, 5,690k dots, 100% coverage
Max video resolution: 8K DCI or UHD at 30p

Reasons to buy

+
Incredible image quality
+
Exceptional 8K video

Reasons to avoid

-
Recording limits
-
4K video is average

The EOS R5 is a powerhouse full frame mirrorless camera that will satisfy any professional photographer or videographer. It's a jack-of-all-trades camera, excelling in various segments and earning spots in categories like best for resolution, best for video, best for sports, and practically best at everything.

When it comes to photos – it boasts a 45MP sensor that captures intricate details and an autofocus system reminiscent of the EOS-1D X Mark III, with an impressive 5,940 AF points. The 12fps continuous shooting capability also makes this camera a rival to some of the best cameras for sports.

The EOS R5's video quality is also a showstopper, offering uncropped 8K Raw video internally and cinema-grade visuals. However, the R5's big Achilles' heel lies in heat build-up and recording limits during extensive video use, which are not handled as well as later rivals. But a small matter that shouldn't overshadow everything else the EOS R5 is capable of.

Read our full Canon EOS R5 review

Best full frame mirrorless camera on a budget

(Image credit: Future)
The best full frame mirrorless camera on a budget

Specifications

Megapixels: 24.2MP
Lens mount: Sony E
Screen: 3in tilting touchscreen, 921,600 dots
Viewfinder: Electronic
Max burst speed: 10fps
Max video resolution: 4K

Reasons to buy

+
5-axis in-body image stabilization
+
Great handling

Reasons to avoid

-
No 4K video
-
Large lenses negate size advantage

For a long time, the original Sony A7 II was the cheapest full frame camera you could get, and its replacement, the A7 Mark III is, to be fair, a much better camera. The big advantage that you get with the Alpha A7 III is built-in optical stabilization. This allows you to get steadier shots in a wide variety of lighting conditions and works with any of the range of E-mount Sony lenses

We recently re-reviewed the Sony A7 III to see if it could still compete in today's market, and found ourselves pleasantly surprised by what a capable camera it still is. Autofocus and start-up times are also faster than those on the A7, the former thanks to a 117-point phase-detect AF system that works in combination with 25-point contrast-detect AF, ensuring sharpness no matter where the subject lies in the frame. This 24-megapixel CSC is also pretty small for a full-frame camera. 

Prices for the A7 Mark II are falling just as they did for the original A7 before it, and right now this is one of the cheapest options for full frame upgraders.

Read our full Sony A7 III review

Best full frame mirrorless camera all-round

(Image credit: James Artaius)
The best all-round full frame mirrorless camera

Specifications

Megapixels: 24.2MP
Monitor: 3-inch fully articulating touchscreen, 1,620k dots
Continuous shooting speed: 12fps mechanical shutter, 40fps electronic shutter
Viewfinder: 0.5-inch OLED EVF, 3,690k dots, 100% coverage
Max video resolution: 4K 60p, 1080p 180p

Reasons to buy

+
Mind-blowing autofocus
+
40fps burst shooting
+
Uncropped 4K 60p

Reasons to avoid

-
Slower SD cards
-
Not the biggest buffer
-
4K recording limits

The Canon EOS R6 Mark II is a fantastic all-round camera for enthusiasts and professionals. 

The 24.2MP sensor's ability to capture oversampled 6K for stunning 4K 60p videos is a definite plus, especially with the pre-capture feature, offering a unique edge in capturing those crucial moments. Its 40fps burst rate is certainly impressive, even surpassing the flagship EOS R3. Pairing this with the flagship autofocus system makes it a force to reckon with in sports, wildlife, and fast-paced scenarios. 

However, it's worth noting that the buffer, limited to 75 RAW images at 40fps, might pose constraints during high-speed shooting, potentially attributed to the use of SD cards instead of CFexpress. Additionally, users should keep in mind the limitations of recording time, with 40 minutes for oversampled 4K 60p or 6 hours for 4K 30p before the camera stops.

Nonetheless, the R6 Mark II is a versatile and capable hybrid camera, balancing impressive features with some considerations that users may need to manage based on their specific shooting needs.

Read our full Canon EOS R6 Mark II review

Best looking full frame mirrorless camera

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan / Digital Camera World)
The best looking full frame mirrorless camera

Specifications

Megapixels: 25MP
Monitor: 3.2-inch tilting touchscreen, 2,100K dots
Continuous shooting speed: 14fps
Viewfinder: EVF, 3,690k dots, 100% coverage
Max video resolution: 4K UHD up to 60p

Reasons to buy

+
Stunning retro design and build quality
+
Manual dials
+
Full frame sensor
+
Autofocus smarts from the flagship Z9

Reasons to avoid

-
Lack of matching lenses
-
Very Shallow grip
-
Articulating screen and hinge are not flush with the body

The Nikon Zf combines vintage charm with cutting-edge technology, making it a standout in the modern camera landscape. Despite its retro exterior, it's powered by a 25MP full-frame sensor and the Expeed 7 processor, rivaling the capabilities of the Z6 III. This means top-notch autofocus, robust subject tracking, and impressive 4K video performance.

Its nostalgic design strikes a chord with vintage camera enthusiasts, evoking the essence of classic film photography. The solid build quality, complete with brass dials reminiscent of the iconic Nikon FM2, adds a substantial, weighty feel that echoes the cameras of yesteryears.

However, while the Zf exudes charm, it's not without its drawbacks. I found its minimal grip uncomfortable for extended use. Moreover, the limited availability of native Nikon vintage-style lenses for the Z mount can be a downside. This restriction leaves the choice between modern-looking Nikon lenses or utilizing old Nikon lenses through a mount adapter, which compromises the Zf's perfect vintage aesthetic.

Read our full Nikon Zf review

Best full frame mirrorless camera for video

(Image credit: Jon Devo)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for video

Specifications

Megapixels: 24.2
Lens mount: Leica L
Screen: 3-inch vari-angle touchscreen, 1.84m dots
Viewfinder: EVF, 3.68m dots
Max continuous shooting speed: 30fps (electronic shutter)
Max video resolution: 6K (Full-sensor readout)/29.97/25/24/23.98p

Reasons to buy

+
Cinematic video features and performance
+
Best-in-class stabilization
+
SSD recording
+
Phase Hybrid AF
+
Unique and award-winning design

Reasons to avoid

-
Grey button markings affect visibility for some
-
No tally lights
-
Articulated screen twists into HDMI cable path

The S5II X stands out by enhancing the S5II's features without compromising its existing capabilities. Notably, it arrives with improvements like enhanced autofocus and the Live View Composite mode, which used to require a firmware update for the S5II.

For creators or filmmakers in search of a top-tier hybrid camera that's both compact and seamlessly integrates into professional workflows without compromising on image quality, the Lumix S5II X makes a compelling case for itself. Even if RAW video capabilities aren't an immediate need, its features such as ALL-I compression, direct shooting to SSDs, and streaming functionality alone tip the scales in its favor over similar-priced competitors and its counterpart.

Read our full Panasonic Lumix S5IIX review

Best full frame mirrrorless camera for content creators

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan / Digital Camera World)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for content creation

Specifications

Megapixels: 12MP
Lens mount: Sony FE
Screen: Vari-angle touchscreen LCD, 3.0 inches, 921,600 dots
Viewfinder: None
Max video resolution: 4K

Reasons to buy

+
Full frame sensor
+
Subject recognition and tracking are unbelievably good
+
Built-in microphone
+
Compatible with wide range of lenses
+
Very compact and light

Reasons to avoid

-
Only 12MP stills
-
Active image stabilization modes significantly cropped
-
Hard to use handheld with larger lenses
-
Relatively expensive

The Sony ZV-E1 is truly a game-changer in the vlogging realm. Its compact build belies the power within.

One of its most alluring aspects is the ease of use—perfect for novices seeking professional-grade footage. The camera’s intuitive nature ensures a smooth experience. The footage this camera produces is nothing short of impressive. Video footage boasts sharpness, clarity, and vibrant colors straight from the lens. Stills, albeit limited by the 12MP sensor, are good quality.

The autofocus system, leveraging Sony's cutting-edge technology, is a sight to behold. Its rapid and precise tracking, especially for human subjects, is driven by incredible AI capabilities. This feature liberates creators from fretting about focus, allowing them to concentrate on other facets of filming.

Read our full Sony ZV-E1 review

Best full frame mirrorless camera for resolution

(Image credit: Rod Lawton)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for resolution

Specifications

Megapixels: 61MP
Lens mount: Sony FE
Screen: 3-inch tilting touchscreen, 1,440,000 dots
Viewfinder: Electronic, 5.76m dots
Continuous shooting speed: 10fps
Video: 4K cropped(oversamped)/uncropped up to 30/25p

Reasons to buy

+
61 megapixel resolution
+
10fps continuous shooting
+
Advanced Eye AF

Reasons to avoid

-
Unbalanced with bigger lenses
-
Expensive, naturally!

With its 61-megapixel sensor, the Sony A7R V inevitably comes top of this particular category. The 'R' models in Sony's A7 series cameras are designed first and foremost for resolution – and the Sony A7R V certainly delivers.

In our review, we were impressed by plenty of other specs on the A7R V, including 10fps continuous shooting – an amazing achievement at this resolution – advanced Eye AF, and 4K video. The 10fps frame rate doesn't make it a sports camera, though, as it lacks the outright speed, responsiveness, and buffer capacity for that, and Sony's 4K video seems stuck in a bit of a time warp right now compared to the advances being made by rival makers.

The Eye AF and Real-time tracking are excellent, but we found having to switch to the Super 35mm crop format for the best quality video to be a nuisance. But still, this is the best full frame mirrorless camera for resolution.

Read our full Sony A7R V review

Best full frame mirrorless camera for street photography

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan / Digital Camera World)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for street photography

Specifications

Megapixels: 50MP
Lens: Fixed 28mm, f/1.7
LCD: 3in flip touchscreen
Viewfinder: EVF
Continuous shooting: 15fps
Max video resolution: 8K30p, 4K60p, 1080FHD120p

Reasons to buy

+
Excellent 60MP image quality
+
8K video
+
Subject recognition and tracking
+
Easy to use

Reasons to avoid

-
Animal tracking autofocus is unreliable
-
Uncomfortable to hold for long periods without optional grip
-
Pricey

The Leica Q3's 60MP sensor produces breathtaking images, enhanced further by the digital crop feature that adds a fun element of experimentation to the 28mm fixed lens. Each shot exhibits remarkable Leica processing, with beautifully rendered colors as well as exceptional dynamic range. The autofocus performs admirably, delivering swift and precise results, particularly in subject focusing, thanks to its efficient human and eye detection capabilities.

Nevertheless, the animal detection feature leaves much to be desired, as it more frequently misidentifies inanimate objects rather than living creatures. As for its video capabilities, the Leica Q3 excels in delivering high-quality 8K footage in a variety of professional codecs, although image stabilization struggled with handheld shake.

Nonetheless, the Leica Q3 stands as a remarkable camera for day-to-day use, and it effortlessly earns its place as one of the best walking-around photography cameras available today. Though alas, it is a Leica, and the lofty price tag renders it inaccessible to many photographers.

Read our full Leica Q3 review

Best full frame mirrorless camera for sports

(Image credit: James Artaius)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for sports

Specifications

Megapixels: 45.7MP
Monitor: 3-inch bi-directional tilting touchscreen, 1.04m dots
Continuous shooting speed: 20fps RAW, 30fps hi-res JPEG, 120fps lo-res JPEG
Viewfinder: Super-bright OLED EVF, 3.69m dots, 100% coverage
Max video resolution: 8K up to 60p (via upcoming firmware)

Reasons to buy

+
120 fps burst mode
+
Impressively good value

Reasons to avoid

-
RAW tops out at 20fps
-
Screen not fully articulating

Blitzing aside the competition in terms of raw speed (and, for that matter, RAW speed), the Nikon Z9 is set to become the new professional standard when it comes to full-frame sports shooting. It's capable of burst shooting at a whopping 120fps – granted, this takes the resolution down to 11MP, from a maximum of 45.7MP, but in all honesty, if you're producing that many images, you don't want files much larger than this.

The Nikon Z9 hugely impressed us in our full review of the camera. It's cheaper than the Sony A1 and Canon EOS R3, and in speed, terms blows the socks off them both (though they both have other advantages of their own, whether that's resolution or high-ISO performance). Nikon's AF has also finally caught up with that of its rivals, cementing the Z9's status as a true sports shooter.

Read our full Nikon Z9 review

Best full frame mirrorless camera for wildlife

(Image credit: Alistair Campbell)
The best full frame mirrorless camera for wildlife

Specifications

Megapixels: 24.1MP
Monitor: 3.2-inch vari-angle touchscreen, 4.15 million dots
Continuous shooting speed: 30fps electronic (540 JPEG / 150 RAW), 12fps mechanical (1,000+ JPEG / 1,000 RAW)
Viewfinder: Electronic 0.5-inch, 5.76m dots, 120Hz, 100% coverage, 0.76x magnification
Max video resolution: 6K up to 60p, 4K up to 120p, 1080p up to 60p

Reasons to buy

+
Incredible Eye Control AF
+
Blackout-free shooting

Reasons to avoid

-
Outpaced by Z9
-
No 8K

The Canon EOS R3 is a technical masterpiece. At first glance, some of its specs may seem puzzling – only 24.1MP resolution? No 8K video? But Canon is being canny (Canon-y?) here and giving wildlife shooters what they need.

Just as with the Nikon Z9 above, someone shooting at the maximum burst speeds of 30fps doesn't want huge files, as it'll make their workflow unmanageable. So Canon has put the emphasis on speed and responsiveness, and the result is a super-fast, seemingly telepathic camera so advanced it can adjust its focus point using the position of your eyeball.

That was the big question on our minds when we set out to review the EOS R3 – does the Eye Control AF actually work? Answer: uh, wow. Yes, it does. It works very well. It's not for super-fast moving subjects like birds in flight, but for general-purpose shooting, it is absolutely seamless, and really makes you feel integrated with the camera. 

In terms of raw burst shooting speed, the EOS R3 is considerably outgunned by the Nikon Z9. But the EOS R3 is arguably a better-featured overall package for wildlife shooters.

Read our full Canon EOS R3 review

How to choose the best full frame mirrorless camera

Choosing the perfect full-frame mirrorless camera involves juggling various essential factors. First up, establish a budget that suits your use-case and photography level. The cameras in this guide span a broad price range, from more affordable entry-level options to premium professional models.

Resolution is a crucial aspect. Determine the sensor resolution that aligns with what you will be shooting. Higher megapixels mean sharper images but also result in larger file sizes for storage and editing. Also evaluate autofocus capabilities, low-light performance, video quality, weather-sealing, and any other functionalities that matter most to your photography style.

Where are you taking your cameras? Assess its size, weight, and ergonomics to make sure it is right for your needs. Heavy cameras are no fun to travel with, but small cameras are awkward to use for long periods or with big lenses.

Speaking of lenses – each brand offers its set of lenses and accessories, so take a look and make sure that the camera has the right lenses in the right price range for your needs.

Lastly, check out the reviews and advice in this guide. We test all the cameras we feature here and offer our first-hand and unbiased opinion on everything that is good and bad about each option.

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan / Digital Camera World)

Is mirrorless better than DSLR?

Both mirrorless and DLSRs have strengths and weaknesses, but it is generally accepted that mirrorless technology has surpassed what DLSRs are capable of, especially when it comes to focusing, shooting speeds, and size. Although DSLRs are still favored by many for their optical viewfinder experience.

What full frame mirrorless camera has the best image quality?

Image quality is subjective and depends on where the image will be used. All the cameras on this list have exceptional baseline image quality. The highest resolution full frame mirrorless camera is the Sony A7R V with a 60MP sensor, allowing images to be cropped or enlarged further without dipping in overall quality.

How we test the best full frame mirrorless cameras

Our testing procedure for full-frame mirrorless cameras involves putting cameras through their paces both in real-world shooting scenarios and in the lab. With full-frame mirrorless cameras, we focus more on the specific use cases of each camera, for example, we will test high-speed sports cameras with fast-moving subjects, or high-resolution cameras on subjects with lots of intricate details.

We've put every one of these full-frame mirrorless cameras to the test to get a feel for how they handle in day-to-day use, as well as our opinion on the design, ergonomics and build quality. 

As well as practical tests, we also employ carefully controlled lab tests to measure resolution, dynamic range, and signal-to-noise ratio. We use ISO resolution charts to measure resolution, and DxO Analyzer test equipment for dynamic range and noise analysis. With these extensive testing procedures, we build up a clear, objective picture of how the camera performs. 

We combine both practical and lab data when finalizing both the in-depth review of each full-frame mirrorless camera and the recommendations in this guide.

Gareth Bevan
Reviews Editor

Gareth is a photographer based in London, working as a freelance photographer and videographer for the past several years, having the privilege to shoot for some household names. With work focusing on fashion, portrait and lifestyle content creation, he has developed a range of skills covering everything from editorial shoots to social media videos. Outside of work, he has a personal passion for travel and nature photography, with a devotion to sustainability and environmental causes.

With contributions from