10 landscape photography mistakes every photographer makes (and how to fix them)

    | Landscape | Photography Tips | 10/07/2013 00:01am
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    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 10: Soft details

    How to take sharp landscape photos: a simple tutorial for getting your scene in focus every time you shoot

    Although using a small aperture increases depth of field, the zone of acceptable sharpness within an image, it also increases the impact of diffraction, the bending of light as it passes over the aperture blades.

    Bending the light means that it isn’t focused on the sensor and consequently the image is softened.

    The smaller the aperture, the greater the proportion of bent light rays and the softer the image, so that even the point of focus is softer than it is at a larger aperture.

    The worst effects of diffraction can be avoided by using an aperture setting that’s a stop or two larger than the minimum value available.

    However, it’s worth experimenting with your lens to find out what its optimum aperture is.

    This can be done by shooting a series of images of the same subject taking shots at every aperture setting.

    Then, check the sharpness of the focus point in each image to can find the sharpest one which was taken at your lens’s optimum aperture.

    Focus stacking allows you to use your lenses optimum aperture and still create an image that is sharp from front to back.

    All you need to do this shoot a sequence of images at the optimum aperture, but with the focus set to a different distance in each.

    Start with the focus on the near foreground and gradually adjust the focus for each shot until you take one with the focus on the horizon.

    It’s essential that the camera doesn’t move while the sequence is shot, so use a solid tripod.

    The last stage is to merge the images, fortunately this can then be done automatically using Photoshop’s Photo Merge tools or specialist software such as Combine ZP, which is available for free download.

    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 1: Wonky horizons
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 2: Foreground and/or horizon not sharp
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 3: Image blurred
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 4: Empty foreground
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 5: Flat, dull light
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 6: Strong shadows
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 7: Sky washed out or the land underexposed
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 8: Obvious graduated ND filter use
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 9: Poor composition
    Landscape Photography Mistake No. 10: Soft details


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    Posted on Wednesday, July 10th, 2013 at 12:01 am under Landscape, Photography Tips.

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