How to shoot and edit a high dynamic range (HDR) landscape photograph

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Watch video: How to shoot and edit a high dynamic range landscape

One of the first things we’re taught is to expose for the highlights, because it’s much easier to bring back details in the shadows when editing. Sometimes, however, the highlights are so bright that this method causes the shadows to clip. When that happens, it doesn’t matter how large your raw files are or how good your editing software is – that data is lost forever.

And while the best professional cameras (opens in new tab) boast incredibly high dynamic ranges, even they are unable to produce balanced exposures in some situations. This situation is particularly prevalent when shooting a landscape towards the sun. One way to balance exposures is to use a graduated neutral density filter but, if you don’t own an ND grad or simply don’t have enough time to faff around attaching filters, auto-exposure bracketing might be the answer. 

This function tells your camera to take a sequence of images, each with varying exposures. How many images you capture and the exposure value between each shot will depend on your camera’s ability and your personal preference. We captured a three-shot bracket in one-stop increments: one image was underexposed by one stop, one image was neutral and one image was overexposed by one stop.

This range of exposures is designed to capture details in both the darkest shadows and the brightest highlights. Those details are then merged together to create a single high dynamic range photo in post. Some people don’t like HDRs because they can look fabricated, but if you’re disciplined enough not to push the dynamic range of an image too far you can produce natural HDRs that everyone can enjoy.

How to shoot and edit an HDR landscape

(Image credit: Future)
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1. Set up on a tripod

Setting up a bracketed landscape is very similar to capturing a single landscape image. Secure your camera on a tripod so that each frame in your bracket sequence is identical. Refrain from using the center column, extend the thickest legs first and make sure they’re firmly planted on the ground for added stability.

(Image credit: Future)
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2. Camera settings

Use Live View to frame your image and focus a third of the way into the scene using single-point AF and AF-S before switching to manual focus. Make sure you’re shooting Raw and your metering is set to matrix / evealuative. Switch to Aperture Priority and dial in an aperture of f/8 and an ISO of 100.

(Image credit: Future)
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3. Release mode

If you set your release mode to Continuous L or H you can simply hold down the shutter button and your camera will shoot continuously until the bracket sequence is finished. However, if you don’t have a remote shutter release, we’d recommend setting a two-second self-timer and manually firing the shutter.

(Image credit: Future)
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4. Auto bracketing

We pressed our Nikon D800’s BKT button and used the front command dial to select the exposure value (we chose 1EV) and the rear command dial to select the desired number of images in the bracket sequence (we set this to three). If your camera doesn’t have a dedicated button, you’ll need to delve into the shooting menu or adjust the exposure manually between shots.

(Image credit: Future)
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5. Merge your bracket

Edit your bracket in post by highlighting the sequence in Adobe Bridge, right-clicking the selection and choosing Open in Camera Raw. Hold Cmd/Ctrl + A to highlight all three images, right-click them and select Merge to HDR. Ensure that Align Images is selected and choose the desired Deghost amount to mitigate movement between frames. 

(Image credit: Future)
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6. Edit your HDR

The HDR image will now appear alongside the original sequence, enabling you to continue with your desired editing regime. You’ll find you’re able to boost the shadows and reduce the highlights much more dramatically now.

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Mike Harris
Technique Editor

Mike is Technique Editor for N-Photo: The Nikon Magazine (opens in new tab), and brings with him over 10 years experience writing both freelance and for some of the biggest specialist publications. Prior to joining N-Photo Mike was the production editor for the content marketing team of Wex Photo Video, the UK’s largest online specialist photographic retailer, where he sharpened his skills in both the stills and videography spheres.  


While he’s an avid motorsport photographer, his skills extend to every genre of photography – making him one of Digital Camera World’s top tutors for techniques on cameras, lenses, tripods, filters and other imaging equipment, as well as sharing his expertise on shooting everything from portraits and landscapes to astracts and architecture to wildlife and, yes, fast things going around race tracks.