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The best camera for film students in 2021

best camera for film students
(Image credit: Getty Images)

Forget hand-me-down camcorders – the best camera for film students is about more than just pointing and pressing the record button. Whether studying for film school, college credits or media courses, students need a nuanced tool to help them learn about aspect ratio, focal length, lighting, bitrates and framerates.  

However, getting the best camera for film students doesn't mean investing in the best cinema camera. There are plenty of interchangeable lens stills, hybrid and video bodies on the market that possess powerful recording capabilities – and many of them are used on sets by professional videographers. 

Ever since the groundbreaking Canon EOS 5D Mark II, consumer-grade DSLRs and now mirrorless cameras have shattered the glass ceiling of cinematography. Armed with autofocus, variable framerates, the ability to use prime and zoom lenses, external microphone and headphone jacks, articulating screens (which are de facto external monitors) and the ability to shoot in 4K, they offer students everything they need to learn, master and advance their skills.

Systems with smaller Micro Four Thirds sensors offer the ultimate in compact and affordable camera bodies and lenses. APS-C sensors are broadly the same size as the Super35 format, while larger full-frame sensors deliver premium image quality and offer ultra-creative depth of field.  

So, with all the above in mind, these are our picks for the best cameras for film students across all budgets and sensor sizes…

The best camera for film students

(Image credit: Panasonic)

1. Panasonic Lumix GH5

A classic choice for the serious filmmaker and film student

Specifications
Type: Mirrorless
Sensor: Four Thirds
Megapixels: 20.3MP
Screen: 3.2-inch vari angle LCD, 1.6M-dot resolution
Viewfinder: Electronic, 3,680k dots
Lens mount: Micro Four Thirds
Autofocus: 225-area AF
Maximum stills burst speeed: 12fps
Video resolution: Cinema 4K at up to 60fps, Full HD (1920x1080 pixels) at up to 180fps
User level: Professional/Enthusiast
Reasons to buy
+A filmmakers' favorite+Impressive video specification+Snappy and responsive in operation
Reasons to avoid
-Autofocus system isn't the best-Now three years old, so not the newest model out there

Panasonic has long sold its mirrorless cameras as hybrid stills and video shooters, making this early 4K capturing example one of its more popular for budget conscious film students. While the camera impressively offers 4096x2160 pixels Cinema 4K footage at up to 60fps, or can dial it down to Full HD if you want to save space on the memory card, it’s also possible to extract 18MP stills from 4K resolution footage shot at 30fps. 

Handily, the camera is weather sealed too, making it an option for all shooting scenarios, while further pluses include dual SD card slots with UHS-II support, plus a full sized HDMI Type A terminal output. It goes without saying that you also have access to a wide range of existing Micro Four Thirds lenses and accessories in support, making the GH5 a sensible and affordable starting point. An updated version of this camera, the Panasonic Lumix GH5 II, has recently been released offers some performance enhancements, but is more expensive.
• Read more: Panasonic Lumix GH5 II vs GH5

(Image credit: Panasonic)

2. Panasonic Lumix GH5s

Superb high-spec camera (if you don't need to shoot stills)

Specifications
Type: Mirrorless
Sensor: Four Thirds
Megapixels: 10.2MP
Screen: 3.2-inch vari angle LCD, 1.6M-dot resolution
Viewfinder: Electronic, 3,680k dots
Lens mount: Micro Four Thirds
Autofocus: 225-area AF
Maximum stills burst speed: 11fps
Video resolution: C4K and 4K UHD at up to 60/50fps,Full HD (1920x1080 pixels) at up to 240fps
User level: Professional/Enthusiast
Reasons to buy
+High 4K video shooting +Unlimited duration recording
Reasons to avoid
-Lacks of image stabilization-Contrast AF is lacking

A version of the Panasonic GH5 that has been tweaked for video, at the expense of some of its still shooting capabilities. It offers ‘just’ 10 megapixels – and thus even more dedicated to the art of filming, and particularly so in low light. Here we get not just regular 16:9 ratio 4K footage and the option of Cinema 4K at the slightly wider 17:9 ratio, along with twin UHS-II card slots to cope with the data hungry demand; we are also gifted Dual Native ISO. The latter is a feature borrowed from its maker’s pro video cams that claims to deliver less noise at higher sensitivities – thereby making the camera a more proficient tool when recording in lower light. Naturally, this being Panasonic, 8MP stills can be snatched from a 4K video sequence, and, unlike regular stills cameras, video recording duration doesn’t cut off at just shy of 30 minutes. With far too many nuanced video features to go into here, check out our standalone long form review of the GH5S for the fuller picture. 

See full Panasonic GH5s review

(Image credit: Panasonic)

Experience full-fat, full-frame video capabilities

Specifications
Type: Mirrorless
Sensor: Full frame
Megapixels: 24.2MP
Screen: 3-inch vari angle LCD, 1.84M-dot resolution
Viewfinder: Electronic, 2,360k dots
Lens mount: L mount
Autofocus: 225-area DFD contrast AF
Maximum stills burst speed: 7fps
Video resolution: 4K/60p 10-Bit 4:2:0, FHD 180 fps S&Q mode
User level: Intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Best-in-class video performance+Full frame fidelity and depth of field
Reasons to avoid
-L-mount lenses are expensive-AF performance could be better

If you want to truly step up your filming skills, the Panasonic S5 features a full-frame image sensor – which is about 50% larger than Super35 / APS-C and 100% larger than Micro Four Thirds. This gives a number of technical advantages over smaller formats, from higher resolution and detail to cleaner ISO and low light performance. It also delivers the creative effect of an incredibly shallow depth of field, for superior subject separation and dreamy out-of-focus backgrounds. In effect the S5 is essentially a full-frame version of the GH5 (though it's actually smaller and lighter), though it incorporates features from the Netflix-approved Panasonic S1H. With 10-bit 4:2:0 4K 60fps, and up to 180fps in 1080p, it's an absolute powerhouse – though it's worth noting that native L-mount lenses are quite expensive, and like all Panasonics the continuous AF can be a little flaky. However, you can easily adapt all manner of other lenses, and for filmmaking, which is very different to vlogging, you'll likely be pulling focus manually anyway.

See full Panasonic S5 review

(Image credit: Blackmagic Design)

Big screen shooter for the serious film student

Specifications
Type: Mirrorless
Sensor: Four Thirds
Megapixels: 8.84MP
Screen: 5-inch touchscreen LCD, fixed
Viewfinder: None
Lens mount: Micro Four Thirds
Autofocus: Single AF
Maximum stills burst speed: N/A
Video resolution: 4K at up 60fps, 2.8K anamorphic at upto 80fps, 2.6K at 120fps, 1080p at up to 120fps
User level: Professional/Enthusiast
Reasons to buy
+Superb 4K capture,+Large and sharp 5-inch screen
Reasons to avoid
-Lacks of image stabilization-Screen is fixed

Designed for videography from the get go, the (deep breath) Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K isn’t an option to consider if you’re looking to shoot stills as well. For this chunky retro looking device is based around a Micro Four Thirds lens mount and Four Thirds sensor combo while being heads and shoulders above actual Four Thirds stills cameras when it comes to video capability. It benefits from a huge 5-inch LCD, lots of on-board connectivity, dual card slots and dual native ISO; the latter meaning that this Blackmagic option actually delivers low noise 4K video recording more impressively than some full frame sensor cameras, which is a high recommendation. If it’s video you want pure and simple, you could even say it’s ‘magic’.

(Image credit: Canon)

Best budget camera for film students

Specifications
Type: DSLR
Sensor: APS-C CMOS
Megapixels: 24.1MP
Screen: 3-inch tilting touchscreen, 1,040,000K dots
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Lens mount: Canon EF-S
Autofocus: 9-point phase detection
Maximum stills burst speed: 5fps
Video resolution: 4K UHD at up to 25fps
User level: Beginner
Reasons to buy
+Low price+Light and compact for a DSLR+Variable angle touch screen LCD+Huge range of affordable lenses
Reasons to avoid
-Bigger than mirrorless rivals -Cropped 4K video

Described by us as one of the best beginner-targeted interchangeable lens cameras ever, we get the ability here to shoot 4K video coupled up with Canon’s latest Digic 8 processor. A further bonus is Live View autofocus utilising Dual Pixel sensor technology, thereby ensuring a swifter response than the contrast AF used by many competing models’ sensors when placed in Live View mode. For composing and reviewing videos, the DSLR’s flip out and twist LCD screen adds creative flexibility; but there are some limitations. For example when switching from Full HD video to 4K shooting there’s a significant crop factor, which effectively narrows the lens’ angle of view, meaning you may need to step back and re-frame your shot. Focusing in video mode isn’t instantaneous either; but it is at least smooth and silent, avoiding jerky transitions between subjects. While not 100% perfect, then, this is still a decent option for film students looking to cut their teeth. 

(Image credit: Sony)

Dream option for vloggers and multimedia content creators

Specifications
Type: Mirrorless
Sensor: APS-C CMOS
Megapixels: 24.2MP
Screen: 3-LCD, tilting, 921K-dot resolution
Viewfinder: None
Lens mount: Sony E
Autofocus: 425-point phase detection, 425-point contrast AF
Maximum stills burst speed: 11fps
Video resolution: Up to 4K at 30P, 24P
User level: Intermediate
Reasons to buy
+180° screen is good for vlogging+Image quality is great
Reasons to avoid
-Limited external controls-Menu systems take a while to get to grips with

While this compact, solid-feel Sony may not offer 60/50P 4K capture like a couple of its rivals, it does utilise full pixel readout, capturing oversampled 6K data and then down sampling it to 3,840x 2160 pixels UHD resolution. It also offers clean HDMI output to external recorders, while claiming to offer the world’s fastest AF acquisition time of 0.02 seconds. The above is undoubtedly what sets this camera apart and makes it worthy of investigation by those looking to get into shooting 4K video on a budget, as apart from the features mentioned the A6400 is rather conventional. It has to be said though, the fact that the magnesium alloy body is dust and moisture resistant will aid film students looking for a camera that won’t let them down, while once again a tilting rear LCD screen offers up flexibility for anyone looking to get creative – student or otherwise.

(Image credit: Nikon)

Superb mid-price mirrorless video shooter

Specifications
Type: Mirrorless
Sensor: APS-C CMOS
Megapixels: 20.9MP
Screen: Flip LCD, 921K-dot resolution
Viewfinder: None
Lens mount: Nikon Z
Autofocus: 209 phase detection points
Maximum stills burst speed: 11fps
Video resolution: UHD 4K at a maximum 29.97 fps, Full HD at up to 119.88 fps
User level: Intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Compact size +Convenient handling+4K video shooting
Reasons to avoid
-Battery life of ‘just’ 300 shots-Awkward flip-under selfie screen

Crammed full of technology that has trickled down from its Nikon Z6 and Z7 bigger brothers, the Z 50 has the advantage of capturing 4K across the entirety of its sensor width, rather than a cropped version that some of its rivals have employed. On top of this, 4K time-lapse sequences can be created in camera, while shooting in Full HD adds additional slow motion footage. Digital image stabilization is provided in video mode only, plus a tilting one million dot touchscreen flips through 180° to face the person in front of the lens. This obviously makes the Z50 particularly useful for vloggers, not just film students looking to buy the best capture device they can for their budget. If you want a similar, but retro styled camera than also check out the recently release Nikon Z fc.
Read more: Nikon Z fc vs Nikon Z50

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