The best film cameras in 2023: recapture the magic of film in the digital age

Nikon FE being held in a hand to show off the camera
(Image credit: Lauren Scott)

The best film cameras are the perfect way to ride the wave of analogue popularity in 2023 and beyond. Once thought dead, film photography has made a hell of a comeback in recent years, largely buoyed by Instagram and sites like Analogue wonderland, as more and more photographers discover the addictive pleasures of analogue shooting, an alchemical thrill that can't be replicated in digital megapixels.

Why do people still shoot film? There's a lot to love: the physical permanence of it, the excitement of trying different film stocks and seeing how different they look. And there's also the delayed gratification, which may seem a strange thing to say, but there is something exciting about the unknown quality of shooting film, and the delay between pressing the shutter and actually seeing the image you captured. It's exciting! Then there's also the fact that many film cameras simply look cool, and are built with metallic durability that's arguably superior to the disposable plastic of today.

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We've been reviewing the best retro cameras for those who can't get enough of analog shooting. We've already examined the ground-breaking Canon AE-1, the mechanical Nikon FM2, and the Nikon FE. These cameras were popular on release, but have since become legends in the film community, and you'll see them deservedly feature in this guide. At the bottom of this guide, you'll find a section all about the best-used film cameras, to give you some pointers on what to look for. 

For now, though, these are the best film cameras you can still buy in 2023.

The best film cameras in 2023

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We've picked out classic film cameras you can still find in good working condition today – that's an important factor because the best film cameras are the ones that are still working! There are many more we could have included, but these are based on popularity, reputation, and price, with a few almost-forgotten masterpieces thrown in. The first series is 35mm SLR cameras, then we cover rangefinder cameras, medium format roll film cameras (opens in new tab), and bringing up the rear is Lomography film cameras. And yes, you can buy 35mm and 120 film types of film quite easily even today.

Best SLR 35mm film cameras

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan)
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The best Canon 35mm film camera

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1976
Availability: Used
Lens: Canon FD mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: Shutter-priority, manual
User level: Beginner/Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Classic status
+
Electronic shutter control

Reasons to avoid

-
Plastic construction
-
Needs a battery

The Canon AE-1's plastic construction kept the price affordable for novices and enthusiasts, while its electronically controlled cloth focal plane shutter offered a wide and repeatable shutter speed range. This meant it needed a battery to power its operation but offered more potential consistency than mechanically operated shutters. 

The AE-1 used Canon's FD breech-lock bayonet mount, which has since been superseded by its EF lens mount, though adaptors are available. Metering was carried out by a single silicon photocell offering centre-weighted meter. The AE-1 was unusual for offering shutter-priority automation at a time when most makers favored aperture-priority operation. The AE-1 Program was a later variant that added a fully automatic exposure mode. 

Read our Canon AE-1 review (opens in new tab) – we revisit this groundbreaking legend.

Used Canon AE1 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)
Used Canon AE1 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Lauren Scott)
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The best Nikon 35mm film camera

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1978
Availability: Used
Lens: Nikon F mount
Viewfinder: Optical
Modes: Aperture-priority, manual
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Compact and affordable
+
Gorgeous retro aesthetic
+
Easy to use

Reasons to avoid

-
Max shutter speed not the fastest
-
Needs a battery

The Nikon FE was an advanced semi-professional 35mm SLR camera, manufactured by Nikon in Japan from 1978 to 1983. Today, it's possible to pick it up secondhand for under $150/£150.

The FE has aperture priority and manual exposure modes, making it a good choice both for advanced enthusiasts, as well as beginners who want a film camera with a retro aesthetic. Its shutter has a range of 1/1000sec to a maximum of 8 seconds, while Bulb mode is mechanical and unlimited. Flash sync speed is 1/125th of a second, while the ISO ranges from 12 to 3200.

Its viewfinder is clear and bright, and depth of field preview is effective, and the camera offers enough controls to leave you fully aware of how you're shooting. The Nikon FE is still a very capable SLR with a lovely design, and perhaps the perfect model for those wanting to delve into film photography.

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Find the Nikon FE on eBAY.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Future)
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3. Nikon F5

Nikon's last professional body, built like a tank with great autofocus

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1996
Availability: Used
Lens: Nikon F mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: Manual
User level: Enthusiast/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Reputation for durability
+
Great autofocus
+
1/8000sec top shutter speed

Reasons to avoid

-
Heavy
-
no matrix metering for manual lenses

The Nikon F5 is the last professional-bodied, fully autofocus film SLR that was produced by the company. Today, it is your best bet if you are looking for a truly advanced film SLR that features great autofocus, aperture, and shutter priority modes, as well as is able to use fully manual lenses. The F5 also automatically reads your film speed so not dialing in your ISO manually. 

With all these advanced professional features and pro body styling, you do sacrifice portability slightly, the F5 is built like a tank, but that means it is a rather weighty camera that wouldn't necessarily be a top choice for a travel camera however, for anything else it would be the best "go to" for the job.

Used Nikon F5 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)  
Used Nikon F5 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan)
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One of the first 'electronic' SLRs from Pentax is a winner

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1979
Availability: Used
Lens: Pentax K Mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: Manual / Aperture priority
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Aperture priority mode
+
Full manual controls
+
1/125 backup mode when batteries fail
+
Big lovely viewfinder

Reasons to avoid

-
Some dials and buttons feel a bit cheap and flimsy

With a little something for everyone, the Pentax ME Super is a real crowd-pleaser. With full manual controls for seasoned photographers to get creative, or an excellent semi-automatic mode for those just getting into photography, one thing you can guarantee is anyone can get stunning shots from this camera. With Pentax’s incredible legacy of lenses, you can rapidly expand into all areas of photography. Super lightweight, and incredibly intuitive to use, this might be one of the best 35mm SLRs ever made.

Full review: Pentax ME Super (opens in new tab)

Find the Pentax ME Super on eBay US (opens in new tab)
Find the Pentax ME Super on eBay UK (opens in new tab)

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The jewel-like OM-1 was an all-manual SLR for enthusiasts and pros

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1972
Availability: Used
Lens: Olympus mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: Manual
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Small size and weight
+
Large viewfinder
+
All-mechanical operation

Reasons to avoid

-
Manual exposure only

The 1970s were a golden age for 35mm SLRs and one of the top models of the time was the Olympus OM-1. It was a purely manual SLR, flanked by a more expensive OM-2 and cheaper plastic OM-10 with added aperture-priority exposure modes. The OM-1 was designed by the same team that produced the PEN and PEN F, the models that inspired today's digital PEN models. 

The OM-1 was tiny compared to other bigger, heavier SLRs at the time, yet still boasted a big, bright optical viewfinder that even had interchangeable focusing screens. Unusually, the shutter speed was adjusted via a ring around the lens, while a big dial on the top of the camera was reserved for setting the ASA (ISO) value for the in-built light meter – this was before the introduction of DX coding on film canisters.

Read our full Olympus OM-1 & OM-1N review (opens in new tab)

Used Olympus OM1 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)  
Used Olympus OM1 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Alamy)
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A non-nonsense manual SLR that's become a student favourite

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1976
Availability: Used
Lens: Pentax K mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: Manual
User level: Beginner/Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Stripped down simplicity
+
Reputation for reliability

Reasons to avoid

-
Manual control only
-
No self-timer

The K1000's reputation has developed through what must have been seen at the time as simple cost-cutting. It was the cheapest of Pentax's DSLRs and even had the self-timer and depth of field preview on other models removed, just to save money. It's an entirely manual camera, and although it does need a battery for its meter, the mechanical shutter will operate without one. 

Generations of students have come to love this camera for its low cost, simplicity, and durability, while generations of lecturers have chosen it for its purely manual controls and the way it forces you to learn exposure theory. The K1000 uses the Pentax K bayonet mount still in use today (though with some revisions for autofocus and electronics). 

Read more: Pentax K1000 review (opens in new tab) – a no-nonsense manual classic

Used Pentax K1000 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)
Used Pentax K1000 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Paul Burrows/Australian Camera)
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Nikon's classy semi-pro camera gained a strong following over its long life

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1982
Availability: Used
Lens: Nikon F mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: Manual
User level: Enthusiast/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Reputation for durability
+
Works without batteries
+
1/4000sec top shutter speed

Reasons to avoid

-
Expensive compared to rival models

The Nikon FM2 came out at a time when other makers were bringing out smaller, cheaper SLRs and new electronic controls, so it seemed a bit of a throwback even then. But its handsome looks and its reputation for longevity and durability drew lots of fans and kept it in production right up until 2001. If you think the current Nikon Df looks good, you need to pick up an FM2.

 It used a vertical metal shutter rather than the horizontal rubberized cloth shutters in most rival DLRs but it was fully mechanical so the FM2 could work without a battery – this was only needed for the internal light meter. Its 1/4000sec top shutter speed and tough copper-aluminum-silicon alloy body made it sought after amongst pros, not just enthusiasts.

Read our full Nikon FM2 review (opens in new tab) – affordable for amateurs and loved by pros

Used Nikon FM2 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab) (opens in new tab)  
Used Nikon FM2 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

Best rangefinder 35mm film camera

Rangefinder cameras are often more compact offerings than SLR cameras, with no mirror box, they can reduce the internal space and size of the camera. To compensate, rangefinder cameras move their viewfinder to the top corner, although this does not offer as large and clear a view as a through-the-lens viewfinder on an SLR. Rangefinders more often than not also have a fixed lens, while this limits their versatility, the lenses that are given to rangefinders are often premium lenses with excellent optics to counterbalance their fixed nature.

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan)
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Pretty and well built rangefinder from Canon

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1972
Availability: Used
Lens: Fixed 40mm f1.7
Viewfinder: Optical rangefinder
Modes: Manual / Shutter priority
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Optically superb
+
Looks gorgeous
+
Very well built

Reasons to avoid

-
Light meter performance is unpredictable
-
Original batteries illegal
-
Focusing is fiddly

If you buy a camera for its looks alone, then let it be this one, the Canonet G-III QL17 is one of the prettiest cameras out there, with a classic rangefinder design in a small compact body, but still, it is built like a tank. The image quality from the fixed lens is simply superb and lives up to its lofty reputation as the 'poor mans Leica'. This camera falls down with its ease of use, with tricky focusing, and an unpredictable light meter, you will want to invest in an external light meter. The camera is also a little fiddly to focus, with the focus tolerance being razor-thin. This is a camera for the more dedicated film photographer with time to compose their shots.

Full review: Canon Canonet G-III QL17 (opens in new tab)

Find the Canonet G-III QL17 on eBay US (opens in new tab)
Find the Canonet G-III QL17 on eBay UK (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Leica)
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9. Leica M6

A popular choice for all skills levels wanting that Leica experience

Specifications

Type: Rangefinder
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1964
Availability: Used
Lens: Leica M mount
Viewfinder: Direct vision rangefinder
Modes: Manual
User level: Enthusiast/Expert

Reasons to buy

+
Amazing build and finish
+
Compact and durable

Reasons to avoid

-
Hefty price tag

Leica M rangefinders will always be controversial and can take a bit of getting used to. However, the rangefinder focusing is fast and precise in the right hands but takes some learning. But once mastered the M6 can produce some fantastic results, it has been a fan favorite for some time, and now has a rather cult following in the film community, so you will have to pay a hefty price to get a good one.

This is only the start because Leica lenses are equally expensive. But if you like your film photography to be stripped back to its basics, the M6 will oblige. You'll need to apply the settings yourself and you'll need to focus yourself, but for Leica M fans that's what it means to be a photographer.

Used Leica M6 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)  
Used Leica M6 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Gareth Bevan)
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A cheap and cheerful 35mm point-and-shoot with a surprisingly great lens

Specifications

Type: Rangefinder
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1983
Availability: Used
Lens: Canon fixed 40mm f/1.9
Viewfinder: Rangefinder
Modes: Manual
User level: Beginner/Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Still quite easy to find
+
Relatively inexpensive on the second-hand market
+
Wide aperture
+
Uses AA Batteries

Reasons to avoid

-
Very loud
-
Small viewfinder
-
Max 400 ISO

The Canon AF35ML is a cheap and cheerful 35mm film camera for taking some quick snapshots without having to do all that much work. While this isn’t the coolest camera to come out of the film era, it has a unique following of its own. It also outputs clean and consistent photos, and with a wide f/1.9 aperture lens and built-in flash, it makes it great to take out at night as well. This isn't a camera for capturing great artistry, but for capturing memories with ease, this is certainly a fantastic option.

Full review: Canon AF35ML (opens in new tab)

Find the Canon AF35ML on eBAY US (opens in new tab)
Find the Canon AF35ML on eBay UK (opens in new tab)

Best used medium format film cameras

If you asked any professional photographer in the 1960s, 1970s, or 1980s which was the best film camera, they would have said a medium format camera. This might have been a twin-lens camera like a Mamiya C330 or a medium format SLR like a Hasselblad 500 C/M. For pro photographers, medium format cameras were the standard, large format was for 'expensive' clients, and 35mm was for amateurs. Probably! Also, see our complete history of medium format film cameras (opens in new tab).

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11. Fuji GW690

HOW big? The GW690's 6 x 9cm images are positively massive

Specifications

Type: Fixed lens
Film format: 120/220 (medium format)
Year introduced: 1978
Availability: Used
Lens: 90mm f/3.5
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert

Reasons to buy

+
Huge 6 x 9cm images
+
Relatively portable

Reasons to avoid

-
Expensive even now
-
Manual operation only

The great thing about film, and especially medium format 120-roll film, is that it's so flexible – both literally and metaphorically. The film rolls are 120mm wide, but it's up to the camera maker how much width they want to use. 6 x 4.5cm medium format cameras shot rectangular images 'sideways' on a roll, whereas regular 6 x 6cm cameras shot square images so it didn't matter which way you turned the camera, but other cameras like the RZ67 above and the Fuji GW690 shot extra-wide images. 

You got fewer exposures on a roll, but extra-large negatives and transparencies. The GW690 is a no-frills fixed-lens manual exposure camera that offers huge images in a comparatively portable package.

Used Fuji GW690 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)        
Used Fuji GW690 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

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12. Yashica Mat 124G

If you've never used a TLR (twin lens reflex), you've never lived!

Specifications

Type: TLR
Film format: 120 (medium format)
Year introduced: 1970
Availability: Used
Lens: 75mm f/3.5
Viewfinder: Ground glass screen
Modes: Manual
User level: Enthusiast/Expert

Reasons to buy

+
Beautiful ground glass viewing
+
Affordable medium format
+
Unique 'vertical' design

Reasons to avoid

-
Reversed viewfinder image

Twin lens reflex cameras use a unique double-lens design, with the camera and its taking lens in the bottom half and a matched lens for viewing and composing photos in the top half. The viewing lens projected an image of the scene onto a ground glass screen viewed by flipping up the lid, which sprung open into a kind of lightbox.

The image was reversed, which took a bit of getting used to, but the combination of a square image (long before Instagram!) and waist-level viewing encouraged compositions and angles that you just don't 'see' with other cameras. It's a simple and reliable design that shoots 12 frames on medium format 120 roll film, with shallow depth of field effects we pay a fortune to achieve with modern cameras.

Used Yashica Mat 124G deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab) (opens in new tab)    
Used Yashica Mat 124G deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

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13. Hasselblad 500 C/M

A classic of medium format camera design that never seems to age

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 120/220 (medium format)
Year introduced: 1957
Availability: Used
Lens: Hasselblad bayonet
Viewfinder: Various
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Classic, ageless design
+
Durability and build quality
+
Modular design

Reasons to avoid

-
High prices

Looking at the Hasselblad 500 C/M now, it's hard to believe this camera design first arrived in 1957. Its utilitarian box-shaped design looks as if it could have been designed yesterday, and modern high-end medium format cameras still use its flexible, modular design. The camera is the central box, to which you can fit a wide variety of lenses, a number of different viewfinder attachments, and different film backs. The interchangeable backs deserve a special mention – you could swap backs in moments, with your assistant loading new films into a spare back as you shoot, swap between the square 6 x 6cm or 6 x 4.5cm formats, or even clip on a Polaroid back to test lighting and composition – this was instant playback (or near it) before digital capture was even invented.

And best yet, new life has been breathed into the Hasselblad 500 C/M with the release of the Hasselblad 907X 50C (opens in new tab), a state-of-the-art digital back that fits straight onto the 500 C/M with a series of satisfying clicks and clunks. A tactile analog experience meets digital perfection, it adds another point in favor of this fantastic film camera.

Used Hasselblad 500 C/M deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)       
Used Hasselblad 500 C/M deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

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14. Mamiya C330

This pro-level twin-lens reflex was a serious contender in its time

Specifications

Type: TLR
Film format: 120 (medium format)
Year introduced: 1969
Availability: Used
Lens: Interchangeable
Viewfinder: Various
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Interchangeable lenses
+
120 (12 exp) or 220 (24 exp) film
+
Rack and pinion bellows focusing

Reasons to avoid

-
Big and heavy

Where the Yashica Mat 124G was an affordable twin-lens reflect camera with a fixed lens, the Mamiya C330 was a professional version with interchangeable lens pairs, which was introduced and became popular in the 1970s as a less expensive and less complex alternative to the Hasselblad 500, THE professional medium format camera of the time.

The C330 was a true system camera, with interchangeable lenses (from 55-250mm), interchangeable focusing screens, and a choice of viewfinders. It's a big old lump to carry around but it's still possible to see analog camera fans and photography students still using them today.

Used Mamiya C330 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)   (opens in new tab)    
Used Mamiya C330 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

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15. Mamiya RZ67

A kind of 'Japanese Hasselblad', the RZ67 shot even bigger 6 x 7cm images

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 120/220 (medium format)
Year introduced: 1982
Availability: Used
Lens: Interchangeable
Viewfinder: Various
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
6 x 7cm images
+
Modular design

Reasons to avoid

-
Big and heavy
-
Quite expensive even now

An evolution of the RB67, introduced in 1970, the RZ67 keeps the revolving back that gave the earlier system its name, and the just-off-square 6 x 7cm image area. Just to put this in context, this is far larger than the 6 x 4.5cm area of the largest medium format digital models today. Like the Hasselblad 500 C/M, the RZ67 is a modular camera with interchangeable lenses, viewing systems, and backs.

It's a bit big and heavy for extended handheld use, though, and it's best used on a tripod. High-quality medium format film cameras are holding their prices pretty well at the moment, and you might have to shop around to get a good working, affordable example.

Used Mamiya RB67 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)       
Used Mamiya RB67 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

Modern film cameras are pretty specialized. They're aimed either at analog auteurs who just love the look of the film and the feel of film cameras, or technical specialists for whom large film formats, extensive perspective-correcting camera movements and the ability to mix and match a wide range of lenses, film types, and even digital backs is more important than the quick-fire simplicity of regular digital cameras.

Best new film cameras

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16. Nikon F6

Still available new in some places the F6 is a 35mm powerhouse

Specifications

Type: SLR
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2004
Availability: Used/new
Lens: Nikon F mount
Viewfinder: Optical TTL
Modes: PASM
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
PASM exposure modes
+
Aluminum die-cast body
+
11-point AF

Reasons to avoid

-
5.5fps seems modest now

The Nikon F6 is like the missing link between old-school 35mm SLRs and modern digital SLR cameras. Many of its specs will seem quite familiar to modern digital users, including its full program AE, aperture-priority, shutter-priority, and manual modes, powered film advance at up to 5.5fps and an 11-point AF system backed up by Nikon's 3D Color Matrix metering system. Styled by Giugiaro, the aluminum alloy body looks like a dream, but the 5.5fps continuous shooting speed is modest by today's DSLR standards.

Nevertheless, the F6 offers a chance to get a beautifully designed and made film camera is as-new working order with modern controls and technology. The Nikon F6 is available now in some places but has been discontinued in many countries.

Used Nikon F6 deals on eBay.com (opens in new tab)        
Used Nikon F6 deals on eBay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Sebastian Oakley / Digital Camera World)
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No screen, no meter, no battery – the M-A is a masterpiece of minimalism

Specifications

Type: Rangefinder
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2014
Availability: New
Lens: Leica M mount
Viewfinder: Direct vision rangefinder
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert

Reasons to buy

+
Sublime build and finish
+
Compact and durable

Reasons to avoid

-
No help for novices!
-
Stratospheric price

Leica M rangefinders will always be controversial. To some they're overpriced, overhyped throwbacks to an era that's long gone. To others, they're beautifully made classics of engineering that have reached a plateau of perfection. The M rangefinders take a bit of getting used to. 

Rangefinder focusing is fast and precise in the right hands but takes some learning, while the pain of paying for an M-A body is only the start because Leica lenses are equally expensive. But if you like your film photography to be stripped back to its basics, the M-A will oblige. You'll need to work out the exposure yourself, you'll need to apply the settings yourself and you'll need to focus yourself, but for Leica M fans that's what it means to be a photographer.

Read our Leica M-A review (opens in new tab)

18. Cambo Ultima 45 4 x 5" View Camera

A camera that reminds us what cameras used to do

Specifications

Type: Monorail view camera
Film format: 5 x 4in sheet film (large format)
Year introduced: 1998
Availability: New
Lens: Depends on lens plate
Viewfinder: Ground glass screen
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Film and digital crossover
+
Ultimate quality and control
+
Just one part of a system

Reasons to avoid

-
Expensive and complex

The Cambo Ultima is a modular monorail camera. The Ultima 45 is not a complete camera in itself because you'll also need a lens plate and lenses and either a film or digital back. It's a very interesting crossover product that handles very high-quality large-format film photography but also modern digital backs with much smaller sensor areas.

The point about a monorail system is partly its supremely modular and flexible (and, uh, expensive) design, and the way the back and front plates can be shifted and angled independently for unprecedented control over perspective, depth of field, and planes of focus. It's well suited to studio and architectural photography for those reasons and harks back to the days when top-quality commercial photography was made using 5 x 4" sheet film.

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19. Linhof Technorama 617s III

Extreme panoramas captured on regular 120/220 roll film

Specifications

Type: Interchangeable lens
Film format: 120/220 (medium format)
Year introduced: 1996
Availability: New
Lens: Various, inc 72, 90, 180 mm
Viewfinder: External
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Super-wide panoramic images
+
Uses regular 120/220 film

Reasons to avoid

-
Focusing needs precision
-
Lenses are extra

Some may remember Hasselblad's much-loved XPan panoramic camera and a few more may know of the Linhof Technorama. Unlike the XPan, however, the Technorama is still going. The Technorama 617s III is sold body-only but a number of different lenses are available.

It's a camera for experts, not just because of its manual exposure but because of the need for precise manual focus (it doesn't have a through-the-lens camera) and the need to keep the camera absolutely level for those ultra-wide 17:6 ratio images. The Technorama is designed for high-quality technical photography and shows the flexibility still offered by the analog film format.

Linhof Technorama 617 deals on ebay.com (opens in new tab)
Linhof Technorama 617 deals on ebay.co.uk (opens in new tab)

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20. Toyo-View 8x10 810MII folding field camera

If you want to GO LARGE, this is the way to do it

Specifications

Type: Folding field camera
Film format: 10 x 8in sheet film (large format)
Year introduced: xx
Availability: New
Lens: Various
Viewfinder: Ground glass screen
Modes: Manual
User level: Expert/Professional

Reasons to buy

+
Breathtaking image quality
+
Control over lens movements

Reasons to avoid

-
Cost and weight
-
Time-consuming setup

Film cameras fall into different size categories, just as digital cameras to today. 35mm cameras were 'miniature' models, believe it or not, and medium format cameras were called 'medium' because there was a 'large' format above that. These use sheet film, usually measuring 5 x 4", to offer supreme image quality.

Well, almost supreme, because there is also a 10 x 8" size with four times the negative area. The Toyo-View 8x10 810MII is an example of this camera type that's still made today. You'll need to source your own lens plates and lenses, track down 10 x 8" film, and work out how to carry a camera weighing 15lb on its own, but with sublime image quality and a wide range of lens and camera back movements, it's a chance to follow in Ansel Adams' footsteps.

Lomography cameras

Lomography's shops and online store provide an Aladdin's cave of photographic curiosities, from relaunched budget snappers from Russia to new widescreen wide-angle panoramic cameras to a 35mm kit camera you can make yourself.

(Image credit: Gavin Stoker/Digital Camera World)
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If you can't find a film camera you like, why don't you make one?

Specifications

Type: DIY construction kit
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2013
Availability: New
Lens: 50mm f/10
Viewfinder: Waist-level screen
Modes: Manual
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
So very cheap
+
A craft project, not just a camera

Reasons to avoid

-
Basic hardly covers it
-
May not work if you mess it up!

This camera is probably a lot more fun to make than it is to use. It comes as a surprisingly inexpensive kit, but there are lots of plastic panels, parts, screws, and springs to put together so it's going to take some patience and dexterity. 

What you get is a camera with a plastic lens, a single 1/80sec shutter speed (plus B), a fixed-aperture 50mm f/10 lens, and manual (obviously) focusing. You'll need the patience to use it, plus some very exposure-tolerant film – we'd suggest color negative for its latitude. It does have a very interesting waist-level viewfinder though, with through-the-lens viewing provided by a spring-loaded mirror lever.

Read our full Lomography Konstruktor review (opens in new tab) - also read Best cameras for kids (opens in new tab)

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22. Lomography Lubitel 166+

Step back in time with this retro-revival twin-lens-reflex

Specifications

Type: TLR
Film format: 120 (medium format)/35mm
Year introduced: 2008
Availability: New
Lens: 75mm f/4.5
Viewfinder: Waist-level screen
Modes: Manual
User level: Beginner/Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Affordable medium format
+
Unique TLR design
+
Takes 35mm film too

Reasons to avoid

-
Plasticky yet pricey too

If you bought a Russian Lubitel back in the 1970s/1980s you probably paid about £8 and you were probably doing well to nurse it through a couple of rolls of film before it packed up. We haven't tried the Lomography version but we hope it will keep going a little longer – especially at this price. 

The modern Lubitel 166+ is unashamedly plastic in its construction and unapologetically basic in its features. You get manual aperture control (f/4.5-22), manual shutter speed control (1/25--1/15sec plus B), and no light meter. But the Lubitel isn't about engineering finesse, it's about rediscovering the imperfections and naivety of old snapshot photography.

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23. Lomography Diana F+

Medium format on the cheap. Really, really cheap

Specifications

Type: Direct vision snapshot camera
Film format: 120 (medium format)
Year introduced: 2007
Availability: New
Lens: 75mm f/8
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Manual
User level: Beginner/Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Very, very cheap
+
About as simple as it gets
+
Lots of accessories

Reasons to avoid

-
Don't expect too much

If the reimagined Lomography Lubitel 166+'s price tag is too rich for your blood, then there's always the Diana F+. It's a celebration of brightly-colored plastic and bargain-basement features, and a reminder of what cameras used to be like – and how the conditions had to be right for taking a picture. 

With three-position zone focussing, only one shutter speed (1/60sec) plus b, and apertures linked to the lighting conditions (pinhole, f/8, f/11, f/16), you're going to need optimism and a willingness to experiment, for sure. On its own, the Diana F+ is very cheap, but if you fancy embracing the full experience there is a boxed accessory kit with a flash, cable release, interchangeable lenses, and heaven knows what else.

Also, view Best Lomography cameras (opens in new tab)

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24. Lomography Lomo LC-Wide 35mm

If you like your shots wide – reeeeaaally wide – then get this

Specifications

Type: Fixed lens direct vision
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2011
Availability: New
Lens: 17mm f/4.5
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
17mm angle of view
+
Auto-exposure
+
Easy zone focusing

Reasons to avoid

-
Expensive for a plastic camera

Yes, it's a lot to pay for a plastic camera, and you've got to be a fan of the heavily-vignetted, super-saturated, none-too-sharp Lomo look, but the Lomo LC-Wide certainly lives up to its name. It's 17mm lens is way wider than the kit lens can go on any regular camera and well into ultra-wide-angle territory.

The LC-Wide has a streamlined pocket-friendly design that looks as contemporary as flared trousers (which is the idea, right) and has the luxury of automatic exposure, with shutter speeds from 1/500sec to (it says here) infinity and apertures from f/4.5-16. It does need three (yes, three) LR44 batteries, though.

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25. Lomography Belair X 6-12 Jetsetter

Pinch yourself. Again. Nope, this medium format camera is for real!

Specifications

Type: Panoramic folding camera
Film format: 120 (medium format)
Year introduced: 2013
Availability: New
Lens: 90mm, 58mm
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto shutter speed
User level: Enthusiast

Reasons to buy

+
Choice of three aspect ratios
+
And two lenses
+
Cheap panoramic photography

Reasons to avoid

-
Lots of plastic

Panoramic medium format cameras are typically very expensive, but the Belair X 6-12 is not. It can shoot medium format images at three different aspect ratios, including 6:6 (square), 6:9, and an extra wide 6:12 ratio. That's the great thing about 120 roll film, that it has a fixed 6cm height but allows camera makers to choose all manner of different frame widths.

The Belair looks very cool, and the Belair trim is only one of several options. There's a lot of plastic, though, so don't expect too much from the finish and feel. This has to be just about the cheapest way to get into medium-format panoramic photography, though, and it even comes with two (plastic) lenses.

Disposable film cameras

It's film photography at its most basic – low cost, low risk and, er, perhaps low expectations. Single-use or disposable cameras come pre-loaded with 35mm film, pack a basic basic lens on the front and have no photographic controls. If it's bright outdoor light, you're fine; if you're indoors, use the flash. Anything in between – well, you're on your own. The results are variable, but they're great for kids, parties, holidays and cheap gifts.

Also read Best disposable cameras (opens in new tab)

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26. Ilford Single Use Camera XP2 C41

Black and white you can get developed anywhere

Specifications

Type: Single use
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2012
Availability: New
Lens: 30mm f/9.5
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto
User level: Beginner

Reasons to buy

+
Try out a classic BW film!
+
Process-paid version available
+
Easy high street processing

Reasons to avoid

-
Limited image quality, naturally

Ilford's single-use camera looks no more sophisticated than any of its rivals, but it's what's inside that's interesting. It's loaded with Ilford's XP2 black and white film, which is pretty unique in that it can be developed with regular C41 chemicals which are used for developing color print films around the globe (other black and white films need chemicals formulated by people wearing thick glasses and lab coats).#

If you decide you prefer your black and white with traditional chemistry you can use it yourself (handily, it works at room temperatures), or you can get a single-use variant loaded with Ilford's classic ISO 400 HP5 Plus film. There's even a color version loaded with "Ilfocolor" Film, which dates back to the 1960s and gives a real retro feel. 

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27. Fujifilm Quicksnap Marine 35mm

It's the no-risk choice when you take the kids to the beach

Specifications

Type: Single-use
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2007
Availability: New
Lens: 32mm f/10
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto
User level: Beginner

Reasons to buy

+
Waterproof and disposable!
+
Easy enough for anyone
+
Ideal for the beach

Reasons to avoid

-
No control over anything

Yes, it does cost a few pounds more than your usual disposable camera, but you're getting a waterproof camera, for heaven's sake! Fujifilm says its plastic case is water-resistant to a depth of 10m, so it's likely you're going to be in trouble long before the camera is.

The Fujifilm Quicksnap Marine comes loaded with 24 exposures of Fujifilm ISO 800 Superia color negative film which you should be able to get developed at any regular high street chemist or online photo lab. Control is limited, obviously, in that there isn't any. The exposure is fixed at 1/125sec at f/10 so really you're going to need good outdoor light to get decent results, but that's true of any single-use camera.

Best disposable cameras: Kodak Tri-X 400 Single Use Camera

(Image credit: Kodak)

28. Kodak Tri-X 400 Single Use Camera

Try out one of Kodak's iconic films with this new single-use camera

Specifications

Type: Single-use
Film format: 35mm
Film type: Black & white
ISO speed: ISO400
Number of exposures: 27
Lens: 30mm f/10
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto

Reasons to buy

+
Exceptionally bright flash
+
Stylish B&W film

Reasons to avoid

-
Some may not like contrasty look

Kodak's Tri-X 400 is one of the most famous monochrome films of its era, with many photographers falling in love with it for its dramatic, contrasty look. Now, it's available in a single-use camera, which may make for the perfect gateway drug for anyone looking to dip their toes into analog photography.

As well as 27 shots of Tri-X, you also get what Kodak describes as the most powerful flash on a disposable camera, which perfectly complements the high-key drama of the Tri-X film stock. 

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29. Fujifilm Quicksnap Flash 400

Hand them out at parties, why not?

Specifications

Type: Single use
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 1986
Availability: New
Lens: Not known
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto
User level: Beginner

Reasons to buy

+
Cheap as anything
+
Simple to use
+
Ideal novelty gift

Reasons to avoid

-
Variable results (bad to worse)

The Fujifilm Quicksnap Flash 400 is pretty ubiquitous and typical for 35mm disposable cameras. We've not been able to find out anything about the lens but it's pretty clear it's going to be a semi-wide plastic lens with a small fixed aperture and a single, fixed shutter speed.

This camera also comes with a flash, so it's a bit of a mystery how they make them for this money. The quality will depend on how well you choose the lighting conditions – it's going to work best outdoors in good light, though the flash has a range of 10ft so indoor party shots are possible too but expect eighties-style red-eye effects and rabbit-in-the-headlights facial expressions.

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30. Lomography Simple Use Film Camera

Try out three Lomography films on the cheap

Specifications

Type: Single-use
Film format: 35mm
Year introduced: 2017
Availability: New
Lens: 31mm f/9
Viewfinder: Direct vision
Modes: Auto
User level: Beginner

Reasons to buy

+
Three films to try out
+
Built in flash with gels
+
No-risk analog

Reasons to avoid

-
No control over anything

What we look for in film cameras

Film cameras come in many different shapes and sizes and some are fully mechanical, while others rely on electronics to function, while some film cameras are a more viable solution than others just because of the lens choice on offer for the system.

The most typical route into film photography is the form of 35mm cameras, these are the bread and butter for the analog resurgence giving 36 exposures, but because these are popular with beginners from all eras, it’s best to look at the cosmetics of the camera to judge how it has been used, another way is to inspect the film plate and see if it has any marks or fine scratches, these will be caused by friction from the film advancing and rewinding into the film canister when shooting – if there are a lot of visible marks, the camera has had a lot of rolls through it if no marks can be seen then its had a lower use. 

Which usually means it had not been used that much, another tip is to always ask to see sample images taken with the cameras in question, if you can see they take images and you're happy with the results, then congratulations you've found a film camera to add to your collection.

The same applies to all medium format cameras, which are the next step in your analog journey. Thanks to their bigger negative than 35mm, it opens up possibilities to enhance your images, as the bigger negative means higher resolution images with greater detail and sharpness. You are also treated to different format cameras that can shoot different dimensions on a roll of 120 film. 

For example, the typical and most commonly used ratio in medium format cameras is 6 x 4.5, or 645 for short, however, if you want to double or even triple the size of a 35mm negative you can get medium format cameras that shoot 6x6 square format, like the popular Hasselblad 500 system, or other ratios of 6x7, 6x8 and the highest you can go on a roll of 120 - 6x9 when using a camera like the Fuji GW690. But bare in mind that the higher the ratio, the fewer images you will fit on a roll of 120 film. For instance, 645 cameras can produce either 15/16 shots on a roll, while 6x9 can only expose 8 - so choose wisely.

And if the medium format is too small for you, then you of course have large format, which is referred to when a negative is anything over 6x9, but you usually find these cameras in a 4x5 or 8x10 configuration. They offer the most micro adjustments possible when taking an image, however, due to their sheer size and the weight you expose your image onto a sheet of film, rather than a roll. Due to this and their impractical portability, you will only be able to take one image at a time, or two images per film holder.

Film buyers' guides:

The best 35mm film (opens in new tab)  
The best 120 roll film (opens in new tab)
The best sheet film (opens in new tab)  

How to choose the best film cameras

Buying used film cameras (opens in new tab) is a bit of a minefield, but like film shooting itself, is a lot of fun for its unpredictability. You can't rely on warranty and digital retailers, and instead have to become a savant at sorting the deals from the dross, using eBay and other second-hand sites, and perhaps even rummaging through a car boot sale or flea market. 

Of course, you aren't limited just to buying second-hand. There are relatively new film cameras (opens in new tab) being made, and while they can be a little specialized and come at high price tags (the people who make them know they're the only ones in the business), if you're willing to spend a little, you can get a truly modern analog experience. The modern Leica M-A hearkens back to classic rangefinders and gives them a contemporary touch.

Beyond 35mm film, there are also large-format 'view' cameras. These take larger film formats like 120 and sheet film, and though they're slower to shoot and more expensive to prove, they deliver image quality that's pretty much unrivaled, with astonishing depth of focus and gorgeous latitude. 

Some manufacturers have also been focusing on ways to synergize old and new. We're talking in particular about Hasselblad here, who have made something of a splash with the Hasselblad CFV II 50C (opens in new tab), a modular system that can fit directly onto the classic Hasselblad 500 c/m (one of the cameras on our list below). It uses digital technology to give these old film cameras a new lease of life and is an exciting glimpse of the ways analog and digital might continue to meld in the future. 

Read more: The best 35mm film, roll film, and sheet film to buy (opens in new tab)

Another contemporary player in the analog space is Lomography, who produces a tonne of old-style cameras, lenses and films all based around recapturing an analog experience. We've included a section dedicated to the best Lomography cameras (opens in new tab) which include loads of resurrected old camera designs as well as newer models, using different film types. These aren't the cameras you want if you're hunting for technical perfection, but they're huge amounts of fun. 

In that vein, remember disposable cameras (opens in new tab)? Single-use cameras are still fantastic for holidays, family time, parties and more, and these days you can get cheap disposable cameras loaded with full 35mm film, giving you real quality at your disposal. One is even underwater, and however good digital may be, it can't give you an underwater camera for $15/£15.

We've collected it all for this list. One thing to note though is that if you're looking for the knockabout fun of the instant film, Polaroid-style, then our dedicated guide to the best instant cameras (opens in new tab) is where you want to be.

Read more camera buying guides:

The best instant cameras (opens in new tab)
The best DSLRs, (opens in new tab)
Best cameras for beginners (opens in new tab)
Best disposable cameras (opens in new tab)
Best slide viewers (opens in new tab)
The best Lomography cameras (opens in new tab)

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Sebastian Oakley
Ecommerce Editor

For nearly two decades Sebastian's work has been published internationally. Originally specialising in Equestrianism, his visuals have been used by the leading names in the equestrian industry such as The Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI), The Jockey Club, Horse & Hound and many more for various advertising campaigns, books and pre/post-event highlights.


He is a Fellow of The Royal Society of Arts, holds a Foundation Degree in Equitation Science and is a Master of Arts in Publishing.  He is member of Nikon NPS and has been a Nikon user since the film days using a Nikon F5 and saw the digital transition with Nikon's D series cameras and is still to this day the youngest member to be elected in to BEWA, The British Equestrian Writers' Association. 


He is familiar with and shows great interest in medium and large format photography with products by Phase One, Hasselblad, Alpa and Sinar and has used many cinema cameras from the likes of Sony, RED, ARRI and everything in between. His work covers the genres of Equestrian, Landscape, Abstract or Nature and combines nearly two decades of experience to offer exclusive limited-edition prints to the international stage from his film & digital photography.

With contributions from