Watch the video: use long lenses for great floral photographs
You can get glorious shots of gardens at any time of year, but most look at their best in summer. So, how do you get a shot that does the mass of colors in those bright borders justice?
A standard approach to shooting flowers is to reach for the macro lens. But this approach shows the beauty of individual blooms, not of the whole bed. Instead, you could shoot with a wide zoom setting, and show the planting as the gardener planned it.
However, a more exciting solution is to go long and use a telephoto. The beauty of a telephoto lens is that it enables you to shoot the border from further away, and this changes the perspective so that clumps of different flowers from the camera appear closer together. They’re compressed together more tightly in the frame, and this means that you can really start packing the color into your picture.
You don’t need a particularly long telephoto to achieve this effect – a 100mm setting on a DX camera is more than sufficient to get going. However, a lens with a zoom range up to 200mm or 300mm will give you more options as you will be able to employ a wider range of shooting positions.
With a telephoto lens, it will be impossible to get every petal in focus, so don’t even try! Instead, you need to aim to get one bloom sharp in the shot and use this as your focal point, and then let all the others in front and behind go gently out of focus. You will therefore need to set your focus carefully, and choose an aperture that enables you to create a graduated blur across the frame.
As flowers wave in the slightest breeze, you will need to set a fairly fast shutter speed anyway, so our advice is to forget the tripod and shoot handheld. Follow our simple steps to see how it is done…
01 A narrow view
The longer the lens you use, the further away you stand – so this affects the perspective of the flowers. Even a modest telephoto enables you to pack blooms tighter into the frame. And small changes in camera position will enable you to change which blooms appear in the background.
02 Pick a flower
Pick one flower to focus on, so this appears sharp and can act as a focal point. In the custom functions for autofocus, set the AF Area mode to Single Point. Now choose the exact AF point that you want to use.
03 Get up to speed
The key thing about the exposure is to ensure that the shutter speed is fast enough to avoid camera shake, and keep the flower that's in focus as sharp as possible. Use aperture priority, adjusting the aperture and ISO values until you get a shutter speed of 1/500sec or faster.
04 Exposure compensation
Check the exposure after each shot, and use exposure compensation to brighten or darken the shot. With white flowers expect to use around +1.0 EV of compensation. With dark backgrounds you may well need to go the other way, with exposure compensation set to around -1.0 EV.