Landscape photography composition: fill the frame with a wide angle lens

Watch the video: filling the frame with a wide angle lens

Landscape photography is all about finding incredible views. Spot one and your natural inclination is probably to zoom out as far as you can, or fit a wide-angle lens to squeeze the whole glorious scene into one image. The trouble with this approach is that your compositions can end up looking rather empty – the bottom half of the picture is likely to have little of interest to look at. 

You can, of course, crop out the acres of grass, sand or bush, leaving yourself with the more interesting top half of the frame. One of the best photography tips we can give you, though, is to search out a vantage point that means you can include something interesting in the bottom part of the picture. That might mean a good deal of walking, so if you don't have one already, check out our list of the best camera backpacks!

With wide landscapes, you can often move quite a long way without affecting how the distant view appears in the frame. This means you have plenty of opportunity to hunt out the much-needed foreground interest. Take a good walk around and search out the possibilities – farm gates, weathered trees and dry-stone walls are perfect examples of what you’re looking for, because they can be framed to fill gaps and create a stronger overall composition.

There’s no need for the object to be big. An interestingly shaped rock can give you all the interest you need, while a wild flower can be engineered to fill the empty space in the frame, even if it’s relatively small.

The secret to making the most of smaller foreground fillers is to get as close to them as possible so you can use perspective to your advantage, making a stone or flower appear larger in the frame. To do this, get low – you might need to lie on the ground. You now need to make sure your new foreground and the view on the horizon are both in sharp focus. Follow the steps here to see how it’s done. 

01 Explore the scene

Finding good foreground interest means doing a bit of legwork! Don’t settle for the first spot where you find a clear view – just think of this as the backdrop for your shot. You now need to look around for a suitable foreground that will work well and fill the bottom half of the frame.

02 Get close to nature

Unless your foreground object is large, you’ll need to get close to it if it’s going to fill enough of the photo to make an impact. Get down low so you can use perspective to ensure that your foreground subject is large enough. Use a tripod so you can check and correct your framing.

03 Add depth to focus

A tripod will enable you to choose an aperture and ISO to get the best results. Set the ISO to about 100 and then use Aperture Priority mode to set a narrow aperture of about f/22. This might mean a slow shutter speed, but this won’t be an issue as the camera is stable.

04 Stay sharp

Your aperture should give you enough depth of field to make everything in the frame look sharp. However, to maximize the depth, focus on a spot just behind your foreground subject. You can check the sharpness by reviewing the image and zooming into it on-screen.

Landscape photography tips for filling the foreground

Natural frame

Overhanging branches or a break in a hedge can create a natural window to frame the subject and add foreground interest.

Manmade objects

Stiles, farm gates and benches can be very eye-catching, particularly if they’re in keeping with the surroundings.

Tone and texture

Search for clumps of flowers that can add a splash of colour. If you’re working in mono, look for textures and patterns.

Look for lines

Paths or walls can be shot so they lead across the frame. These are visually intriguing, but you’ll need to get in close to them.

Go long

If you can’t find a suitable foreground, use a longer lens instead of a wide-angle, and pick out detail from the whole view. 

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