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Common photo problems and how to fix them in Photoshop: #7 There are color fringes in my highlights

Photoshop color fringes
(Image credit: James Paterson)

Chromatic aberration is not a new problem, but it's certainly not getting any better. Lens makers always have to make optical compromises to design affordable zoom lenses, and chromatic aberration, or chromatic aberration, is an extremely common side-effect. Some cameras have in-built corrections for JPEG images, but if you shoot raw files you'll have to apply those yourself.

Welcome to the seventh instalment in our 15-part series on how to fix common photo problems in Photoshop, Lightroom and Adobe Camera Raw.

The current COVID-19 crisis has impacted all of us, and if like us you are stuck working at home, then now might be a chance to catch up on all those photo-editing jobs you've been putting off – and one of those is fixing up all those nearly-great photos with irritating flaws that need fixing.

In this instalment we'll show you what you can do about color fringing, or chromatic aberration. These color fringes aren't very wide but you can spot them a mile off and they really devalue your pictures.

Straighten Tool and Upright options

Modern photo-editing programs like Adobe Camera Raw and Lightroom can fix color fringing with a simple checkbox. (Image credit: James Paterson)

Color fringes are often seen in areas of edge contrast, where light edges meet dark. Displaying either a green/magenta or a red/cyan cast. In earlier versions of Photoshop and Adobe Camera Raw the fix was really quite complicated because you had to identify which of these two color fringing pairs you had and then manually drag a slider to correct them. Very often, you'd have to juggle both sliders to fix color fringing that didn't neatly fit either category.

Now, though, the solution is MUCH simpler. In Adobe Camera Raw and Lightroom, all you have to do is check the Remove Chromatic Aberration box within the Lens Correction panel. This will even work on JPEG images – the software doesn't need the original raw image data to do this, nor even a correction profile for the lens used.

Jargon buster

Chromatic aberration: This happens when a lens doesn't bring different colors to precisely the same focus, so you get colored fringes appearing around object edges that get worse the closer you are to the edge of the frame. It's so common in modern lenses that it's virtually unavoidable and needs to be corrected digitally.

Lens corrections: No lens is optically perfect, so the solution used today is to apply digital lens corrections in software, using specially-developed lens profiles for each lens. These lens corrections will fix distortion and corner shading (vignetting) automatically. The other main lens fault, chromatic aberration, is corrected separately.

Next instalment: #8 The colors just look wrong

If you don't use Photoshop or Lightroom, why not sign up for the trial version? You can use this free for a period of 7 days and then decide which of three Photography Plan subscriptions would suit you best.