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The best Leica cameras in 2020: from classic rangefinders to modern mirrorless

Best Leica cameras
(Image credit: Leica)

Leica cameras are not for everybody. The best Leica cameras are built with an engineering finesse and an attention to detail that borders on the fanatical – and the price reflects that. 

But while many won't admit it, most photographers secretly covet the Leica cameras. That red dot carries with it an inimitable cachet, associated with some of the best and most legendary photographers in history, and there's a real feeling of luxury to owning a Leica camera today.

There's no better example than the brand new Leica M10 Monochrom. This is a camera based on a classic 'rangefinder' design that doesn't even have autofocus or a through-the-lens viewfinder. Even more incredible is the fact that this camera shoots in black and white only. This is the essence of Leica – its single-minded, uncompromising approach. The camera is what it has to be to do the best possible job – and you have to learn how to use it.

Leica doesn't just make classic camera designs, but also cutting-edge cameras for professional users – like the beautiful Leica SL2. Again, this is not a cheap camera, but that's because Leica makes cameras as good as it thinks they need to be, not as cheaply as possible. 

But Leica doesn't just make expensive cameras, it also works with partner companies to produced Leica-badged versions of less expensive cameras. If you don’t want to blow more than a month's wages on a single camera, comparatively affordable Leica models do exist. We've made sure to include them in this guide alongside the big boys.

For example, Leica D-Lux compact cameras are actually rebadged and refined versions of premium Panasonic cameras, and the mighty Leica SL2, which we consider one of the best mirrorless cameras right now, is (whisper it) essentially a Panasonic Lumix S1R reskinned using Leica engineering and one of the best user interfaces we've seen.

And then there's the Leica Sofort for instance, one of the best instant cameras around, which utilises Fujifilm's inexpensive Instax Mini film packs. It's the cheapest Leica you can get, and if you are getting cold feet about the cost of these cameras, you can always head over to our guide to the best cameras around or the best cheap camera deals

So, with the above in mind, let’s look at 10 of the best Leica cameras currently on the market and available to buy.

The best Leica cameras in 2020

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1. Leica Q2

Leica’s full frame compact is super, if you can get it

Type: Compact | Sensor size: Full frame | Megapixels: 47.3MP (effective) | Lens: Fixed 28mm, f/1.7 | Autofocus: Contrast based AF system | LCD: 3in fixed touchscreen, 1.04 million dots | Viewfinder: EVF | Continuous shooting: 20fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Enthusiast

Beautifully engineered, 
Superb picture quality
Expensive
Fixed, non-adjustable screen

Most Leica cameras take interchangeable lenses, but the Leica Q2 is the exception, with a fixed 28mm f/1.7 lens. It's like the unicorn of digital cameras, though a few people have actually seen one, including us. The successor to the original 24-megapixel Leica Q, the Leica Q2 is aimed at photographers wanting a powerful camera that is also relatively small and discrete, yet with a whopping 47.3-megapixel full frame sensor. The body is  water and dust resistant plus there’s a 4K video shooting option that additionally includes the choice of ‘C4K’ (Cinematic 4K). In burst mode the Q2 can shoot at up to 10fps with the mechanical shutter or 20fps with the electronic shutter. The Q2 is of course hand constructed in Germany, with a magnesium body construction. Yes, this is very much a luxury option for the street photographer, but the 47-megapixel sensor delivers shed-loads of gorgeous detail. It looks like the waiting lists are finally clearing, so you may no longer have to 'Q' for your Leica Q2.

Read more: Leica Q2 review

Best Leica camera: Leica SL2

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2. Leica SL2

Leica's new full-frame mirrorless camera is simply superb

Type: Mirrorless | Sensor size: Full frame | Megapixels: 47MP (effective) | Lens mount: L-mount | Continuous shooting: 10/20fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Professional

Superb resolution
High speed continuous shooting
Excellent 4K video features
Beautiful design and interface
Expensive, obviously
Fixed, non-tilting rear touchscreen

Leica doesn't just make retro rangefinders and luxury cameras for the rich. The SL line sets out to offer Leica's legendary design, build quality and lenses to discerning professionals. But while the original SL was good, the brand new Leica SL2 is simply exceptional. First, it uses the L-mount that has now been adopted by Sigma and Panasonic for its full-frame mirrorless cameras, so there is an increasing range of optics available (see the L- mount lens roadmap). Second, it's no secret that the internals, including the sensor, in-body stabilization and 4K capabilities come straight from the Panasonic Lumix S1R. But what's on the outside is pure Leica, including a beautiful minimalist design, simple but superbly thought out controls and a classy, elegant interface that works brilliantly. Yes, the Leica SL2 is expensive, but my word, is it good!

Read more: Leica SL2 review

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3. Leica M10-P

Leica’s classic rangefinder camera has the latest digital tech

Type: Rangefinder | Sensor size: Full frame | Megapixels: 24MP (effective) | Lens mount: Leica M | Autofocus: None, manual focusing via rangefinder or Live View | LCD: 3in fixed touchscreen, 1.04 million dots | Viewfinder: Direct Vision | Continuous shooting: 5fps | Max video resolution: None | User level: Enthusiast/Professional

High quality construction
Quiet performance
Classic rangefinder design
No video capture
Access to card and battery compartment is tricky

Leica's naming system for its M-series cameras can get confusing. This is a ‘stealth’ version of the previously released M10, which doesn't have the giveaway red Leica dot on the front plate, but is otherwise nigh identical save for a few additional tweaks. These include the Leica M10-P becoming the first Leica rangefinder to feature a touch screen LCD plus an electronic spirit level, while its shutter release mechanism is also the quietest in its class. Added to this, the series’ plastic hotshoe cover has been replaced with an all-metal one (phew – at last). Emitting that heady mix of old school charm and signature Leica luxury, the camera makes you focus by lining up a ghost image with the fixed field of view optical viewfinder, while despite the inclusion of a full frame sensor here, resolution remains at a fairly conservative 24 megapixels. We also don’t get any video capture option, in an attempt by its maker to distil the camera down to the pure essentials of photography. That said, the backplate LCD allows for use of Live View and focus peaking – so this camera feels like a best of both worlds in many respects, marrying digital know-how to classic analog operation. Be warned, though, that this is a love-it-or-hate it focusing system that requires some effort to master.

Read more: Leica M10-P review

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4. Leica D-Lux 7

A Leica redesign of the rather good Panasonic LX 100 II compact

Type: Zoom compact | Sensor size: Micro Four Thirds | Megapixels: 17MP (effective) | Lens: 24-75mm f/1.7-f/16 | Autofocus: Yes | LCD: 3in fixed touchscreen, 1.24 million dots | Viewfinder: EVF | Continuous shooting: 11fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Enthusiast

Large-ish MFT sensor
4K video shooting options
Pricey compared to its Panasonic doppelganger
Fixed  LCD screen 

A premium compact for both snapshots and street photography, the D-Lux 7 is a fixed lens, travel zoom camera that nevertheless exudes that air of luxury (the clue is in that D-Lux = Deluxe naming) we’d expect of a camera costing this much. Key features include a play-it-safe 17-megapixel resolution from a 21.77 megapixel Four Thirds CMOS sensor. This is married to a lens with an equivalent reach of a wideangle 24-75mm in 35mm film terms. Maximum lens aperture is an impressively fast/bright f/1.7, with the ability to adjust this manually via a lens ring that offers incremental settings up to f/16. Or, of course, you can just hit the automatic setting, which has its own button. It's the result of a long standing collaboration between Panasonic and Leica, and based on the cheaper Panasonic LX100 II, but with a Leica makeover. It’s a shame that the 3-inch LCD is fixed, but it does at least offer touch control. The rangefinder-like top plate dials for controlling shutter speed and exposure compensation do lend the D-Lux 7.

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5. Leica Sofort

This plush instant camera is great for parties... and no-one else will have one

Type: Instant camera | Sensor size: N/A | Megapixels: N/A | Film type: Fujifilm Instax Mini format | Image size: 6.2 x 4.6cm | LCD: For settings only | Viewfinder: Direct view | Continuous shooting: N/A | Max video resolution: N/A | User level: Beginner

Nigh instant prints
The fun ‘magic’ of analogue photography
More expensive than other Instant cameras
Ongoing cost of film

More known for releasing cameras to the luxury markets these days, here’s an opportunity to own a Leica at an affordable price – and it's also one of the best instant cameras currently available (if also one of the most expensive). Similar to Fujifilm’s cheaper Instax Mini 90, the Leica Sofort is available in several color options. It can use Fuji’s Instax film packs, which work out at around £1/$1.50 per printed image. Leica's own branded film packs are dearer. These instant packs provide credit card sized images, smaller than the Polaroid instant prints you may recall from childhood, but there is still a thrill in witnessing an image ‘emerge’ slowly before the eyes once the camera has squeezed out a print. You can also buy monochrome film packs, to indulge in extra arty low fi whimsy. A small front mirror aids the taking of the inevitable selfie while operation is kept simple via the fact that the only control on the camera’s top plate is a shutter release button. ‘Sofort’ is German for 'instant', in case you were wondering.

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6. Leica M10-D

The screenless camera came long before the Fujifilm X-Pro3

Type: Rangefinder | Sensor size: Full frame | Megapixels: 24MP (effective) | Lens mount: Leica M | Autofocus: None, manual focusing via rangefinder | LCD: None | Viewfinder: Rangefinder | Continuous shooting: 5fps | Max video resolution: None | User level: Enthusiast/Professional

Excellent image quality
Prevents chimping
Some controls require app
Requires practice to use!

Photographers and journalists alike have recently been falling over themselves to praise the Fujifilm X-Pro3 and its radical mission to prevent 'chimping' (habitually checking a camera's LCD screen between shots), but they've forgotten that Leica got there first! And, what's more, Leica went all the way with it. While the X-Pro3 has a 'hidden' LCD screen, the Leica M10-D simply does not have one at all! It's for the hardcore contingent who are perfectly happy focusing and composing via the rangefinder and waiting until later to see their photographs. In other respects, it's mighty similar to the M10-P above, sporting the same sensor/processor combo and producing images that look just as good. It also lacks the iconic red dot, opting for a stealthier look, though that's bad news if it's the reason you want a Leica. The rear screen is replaced by a large exposure compensation dial, and other dials around the body control various functions like ISO, though may of them are limited in which settings you can choose; if, for example, you want to push ISO above 6400, you need to connect the camera to Wi-Fi and use the app. This is a little fiddly, to say the least. Like so many Leicas, the M10-D will sharply divide opinion. Practical types will think the removal of the rear screen is just arty nonsense, while creative types may realise it reconnects them with them with the art of 'seeing' photographs.

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7. Leica CL

An L-mount mirrorless camera that packs lots of tech into a small body

Type: Mirrorless | Sensor size: APS-C | Megapixels: 24.3MP (effective) | Lens mount: Leica L | Autofocus: Yes, 49 AF points | LCD: 3in fixed touchscreen, 1.24 million dots | Viewfinder: EVF | Continuous shooting: 10fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Enthusiast

Compatible with a wide range of Leica optics (some via adapter)
Large APS-C sensor 
Decent resolution
Fixed LCD screen
Price
Lenses cost extra

This German-constructed, attractive compact system camera marries up a 24.2 megapixel APS-C sensor to a Leica L lens mount, as recently adopted by Panasonic for its fledgling full frame ‘S’ system. It’s a sister model to the TL2 camera launched around the same time, which also features a similar feature set. The CL comes with a touch sensitive 3-inch LCD, eye-level viewfinder, 4K video along, built-in Wi-Fi connectivity and up to 10fps burst shooting for up to 140 JPEGs, or 33 Raw and JPEG files in tandem. As it shares the L mount with the TL2, the CL can utilise both the TL line of Leica optics and L mount lenses, while Leica M and R series lenses can be used with adapters. Top plate dials give the camera the classic hands-on operation beloved of Leica users, while an external flash can be attached via its hotshoe. While there’s plenty to love here, the rear screen cannot be tilted or adjusted and there is the usual Leica price premium to pay for a hand crafted camera rather than a mass produced one.

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8. Leica TL2

A sleek statement camera with a huge screen to woo smartphone users

Type: Mirrorless | Sensor size: APS-C | Megapixels: 24.3MP (effective) | Lens mount: Leica L | Autofocus: Yes, 49 AF points | LCD: 3.7in fixed touchscreen, 1.3 million dots | Viewfinder: None | Continuous shooting: 20fps | Max video resolution: 4K | User level: Enthusiast

Stylish exterior
Sharp and detailed images
Omits an eye level viewfinder, 
Quirky at times 
Sluggish operation

With its slim, minimal and sleek exterior this Leica certainly makes a fashion statement, while the huge for its class 3.7-inch screen that occupies all of its backplate should appeal to existing smartphone users looking to trade up to a dedicated image capture device. If we have a gripe, it’s that attaching a lens makes the camera feel a tad front heavy, while the minimalistic design has led to some operational quirks – not least the fact that its controls take a bit of initial figuring out. There’s also no on-board image stabilisation and the auto focus response isn’t particularly fast. Still, it is intended to be a serious photographic tool too, thanks to its adoption of the increasingly well supported L mount, a 49-point contrast detection AF system – as also found in Leica’s more ‘conventional’ CL – plus, unusually for a digital camera these days, 32GB of built-in memory. Added to this you get the option of 4K video and it can shoot stills up to a respectable 20fps with the aid of its electronic shutter. Another plus is that the image quality is stunning.

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9. Leica X-U

Perfect for a pool party in Cannes (if not a beach trip to Skegness)

Type: Compact | Sensor size: APS-C | Megapixels: 16MP (effective) | Lens: Fixed 23mm f/1.7 | Autofocus: Contrast based AF system | LCD: 3in fixed touchscreen, 920,000 dots | Viewfinder: N/A | Continuous shooting: 5fps | Max video resolution: Full HD | User level: Enthusiast

Waterproof down to 15m
Fast/bright f/1.7 aperture 
Wide angle lens
4K video
Price

There are not many Leica cameras you’d feel confident about stepping into the deep blue and briny with – so full marks to this waterproof version of the X-E compact camera that doesn’t slouch when it comes to core specs. The X-U has an APS-C format sensor and a wide angle 23mm equivalent bright/fast f/1.7 Summilux prime lens for delivering those shallow (water) depth of field images. The price is a lot to pay for a toughened camera, yet this compact is also shock resistant, dust sealed and shatterproof. For those thinking of taking it for a dip, the body is fully waterproofed down to a depth of 15 metres and also features an underwater protection filter. However, the sensor is an old design that only captures 16 megapixel images and full HD rather than 4K video. This is a waterproof adventure camera at an eye-watering price – but one that very much stands out from the crowd.

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10. Leica M10 Monochrom

Leica's newest black and white rangefinder camera has 40 million pixels

Type: Rangefinder | Sensor size: Full frame | Megapixels: 24MP (effective) | Lens mount: Leica M | Autofocus: None, manual focusing via rangefinder or Live View | LCD: 3in fixed touchscreen, 921,600 dots | Viewfinder: Direct Vision | Continuous shooting: 3.5fps | Max video resolution: Full HD | User level: Enthusiast

Rugged build quality, 
New screen and live view in a rangefinder
Only records in black & white
Limited dynamic range

This is where you need to pay attention. This is NOT the previous Leica M Monochrom (Typ 246) with 24 million pixels, but a brand new model with 40 million pixels in what Leica describes as the best black and white sensor it's ever made. Yes, that's right, it's a digital camera that shoots only in black and white. It's not as mad as it sounds, because it's only by removing the color filter array used universally in front of digital sensors that you can get the camera to record black and white at its best possible quality (the color filter array restricted photosites to single colors which means much of the image data has to be interpolated during processing). This is pure Leica and pure black and white photography, but you pay A LOT to get this level of quality. And yes, of course we want one.

Read more:
The best mirrorless cameras in 2020
The best DSLR cameras in 2020
10 best compact cameras in 2020