Switch lenses and get a new perspective on landscape photography

DCM260 landscape kit perspectives listing image 2
(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

The focal length of your lens determines how wide or telephoto it is, with lower numbers such as 16mm being super-wide for squeezing in more of the scene and higher values like 200mm being very telephoto or ‘zoomed in’. 

Photography cheat sheet: focal lengths explained (opens in new tab)

The focal length will be written on your lens, though if you’re using a camera body with a cropped sensor, you’ll need to multiply this value by the crop factor to get your full-frame equivalent focal length. 

On Sony and Nikon APS-C compact cameras (opens in new tab), this is 1.5x, but on Canon APS-C cameras it’s 1.6x, and on Micro Four Thirds it’s 2x.

How perspective affects landscapes

DCM260 landscape kit perspectives listing image

(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

While wide-angle lenses (opens in new tab) are the go-to optics for landscape photography, you can get distinctive results by trying telephoto lenses (opens in new tab), too.

In this image of Corfe Castle in the UK, shot with a telephoto at a focal length of 200mm, the perspective has been compressed – making the yellow gorse and the castle feel a lot closer together as well as eliminating much of the dead space in the scene.

Scroll down to see the results when the same scene was shot at different focal lengths, and how you could incorporate these aesthetics in your photography…   

1. 15-35mm – Ultra-wide to wide-angle

DCM260 landscape kit perspectives image 2

(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

A wide-angle lens offers a wider angle than the human eye can see, so are great for squeezing in loads of the scene in front of you. Around 24-35mm (full-frame) is considered a wide-angle, with anything below 20mm classed as ultra-wide.

2. 50mm – ‘standard’ focal length

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(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

50mm on a full-frame camera, or 35mm on an APS-C, is called the standard focal length, as it’s very close to the angle of view that the human eye can see. Shots taken at this focal length will look more natural. 

• What's the best 50mm lens (opens in new tab)?

3. 70-400mm – Telephoto ‘long’ lens

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(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

You might think a telephoto lens would be a strange choice for landscapes, but they can capture some wonderful scenes, help you hone in on a focal point, compress the perspective and cut out dead space.

3 pro tips for shooting super scenics

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(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

1. Use a weather app

Weather can change fast, so be sure to check the conditions as close to your shoot as possible to get the most accurate forecast. Great shots can still be taken in poor weather, though, so don’t let the rain deter you from heading out with your camera.

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(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

2. Balance longer lenses

Larger lenses like this 70-200mm f/2.8 lens (opens in new tab) come with a tripod collar foot. You’ll want to make sure this is where you attach your tripod mounting plate so that the lens is evenly balanced and that you’re not putting excess strain on the camera mount.

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(Image credit: © Dan Mold)

3. Hire a lens for special occasions

Top-tier lenses can cost a small fortune, so if you only need your lens for a short amount of time, whether it’s a wide-angle tilt-shift optic for capturing architectural shots (above), or a 400mm f/2.8 telephoto for sports or wildlife, you might be better off hiring specialist lenses for the length of your photoshoot. 

It is actually really economical to rent lenses: sites like hireacamera.com offer a wide range of lenses, across the major camera and lens brands, for rates that are a fraction of the retail price.

Read more:

The best lenses for landscape photography (opens in new tab)
The best DSLR camera in 2022 (opens in new tab)
Best mirrorless camera in 2022 (opens in new tab)

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Dan Mold
Deputy Editor

Deputy Editor on PhotoPlus: The Canon Magazine, Dan also brings his technical wizardry and editing skills to Digital Camera World. He has been writing about all aspects of photography for over 10 years, having previously served as technical writer and technical editor for Practical Photography magazine, as well as Photoshop editor on Digital Photo


Dan is an Adobe-certified Photoshop guru, making him officially a beast at post-processing – so he’s the perfect person to share tips and tricks both in-camera and in post. Able to shoot all genres, Dan provides news, techniques and tutorials on everything from portraits and landscapes to macro and wildlife, helping photographers get the most out of their cameras, lenses, filters, lighting, tripods, and, of course, editing software.