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Common photo problems and how to fix them in Photoshop: #11 My prints are too contrasty

Photoshop Levels
(Image credit: James Paterson)

Getting your printer to reproduce exactly what you see on your screen is not always straightforward! You can go straight into full-on color management and printer profiling, but that's not straightforward either and may be overkill for a printing problems which can actually be fixed quite easily.

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Welcome to the 11th instalment in our 15-part series on how to fix common photo problems in Photoshop, Lightroom and Adobe Camera Raw.

If like us you're confined to home working during the current COVID-19 crisis, then it is at least a chance to catch up on some image editing jobs that have been on the back burner, and perhaps finally print out those pictures you've been planning to hang on your wall.

In this instalment we'll show you how tackle a tricky printing problem that's actually quite common – your photos look great on-screen with plenty of subtle shadow and highlight detail, but your prints have too much contrast and just go to solid black or white in those key areas.

Output levels explained

You can modify the contrast in your prints using Levels Output adjustments. (Image credit: James Paterson)
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If you find after making a print that either the highlights look blown out or the shadows are clipped, you can try lowering the maximum white and black values in the picture.

You can do this with a Levels adjustment (Cmd/Ctrl+L). Normally, you adjust the Input values in the Levels dialog, but this time look for the Output Levels at the bottom of the dialog.

By default, these are set to the maximum black and white values (0 and 255), but you can drag the sliders inwards slightly to set different max white or max black points. This will reduce contrast in the print, but can also bring the darkest and lightest pixels within the gamut of your printer. It's a quick and simple alternative to proper color management and printer profiling, but do remember this adjustment is only for making prints, so you should disable it afterwards.

Jargon buster

Output Levels: The Levels and Curves dialogs are generally used to change the Input values in images to change the way they map on to the full tonal scale available. However, you can also change the Output levels if you are printing pictures on devices that struggle to reproduce subtle shadow and highlight details.

Next instalment: #12 My HDRs lack contrast

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The lead technique writer on Digital Camera Magazine (opens in new tab)PhotoPlus: The Canon Magazine (opens in new tab) and N-Photo: The Nikon Magazine (opens in new tab), James is a fantastic general practice photographer with an enviable array of skills across every genre of photography. 


Whether it's flash photography techniques like stroboscopic portraits, astrophotography projects like photographing the Northern Lights, or turning sound into art by making paint dance on a set of speakers, James' tutorials and projects are as creative as they are enjoyable. 


As the editor of Practical Photoshop magazine, he's also a wizard at the dark arts of Photoshop, Lightroom and Affinity, and is capable of some genuine black magic in the digital darkroom, making him one of the leading authorities on photo editing software and techniques.