For the final part of this series, we’re going to walk you through the final stages of building a photography website from scratch using the Drupal content management system (CMS).
Websites built using a CMS are more sophisticated than ones consisting of fixed or ‘static’ pages of text, and are essential for displaying images.
As an open-source general-purpose CMS, Drupal boasts a large community of contributing developers, and is popular with governments, non-profit firms and educational institutions.
Building a website in Drupal is more involved than doing it in other CMSs like WordPress, so it will appeal to computer-literate people who like the idea of going ‘behind the curtain’ of a website.
The reward will be a bespoke and secure website built on a highly customisable platform where added functionality is bestowed via installing modules (extra features) and themes (which determine the look and feel).
To get to this point, we started our site build in a local environment, using the Acquia Dev Desktop local host.
Start by downloading Acquia Dev Desktop and running the installer, then launch the software and select Start From Scratch.
Use the suggested default for locating the codebase files on your system, enter the name of your site, and accept the default prompts for the version of PHP and the database name. Choose v8.9.1 under Install A Drupal Distribution, enter any required information and Drupal will be installed.
What you’ll need to build a photo website in Drupal
- Internet access
- Images ready for upload
- Development application (we’re using Acquia Dev Desktop)
- Time: 1 week (build)
The three stages of developing a Drupal site
1. Start by setting up your domain name
Unlike wordpress.com, Drupal doesn’t offer a hosting option, so you’ll need to make these arrangements yourself.
Enter your desired site name and you’ll get a list of available extensions (.com, .co.uk, etc) and registration fees.
2. Develop your Drupal site on your own computer
You could install Drupal on a web hosting site and build it there, but developing your site on a local host (your own computer) makes things much easier. You can build the site at your own pace, fixing any snags that arise, and refine the look and feel as you go along.
3. Deploy the finished site to your hosting provider
When your site is ready, you can deploy it to your hosting provider. Transferring the files to the host site and configuring all the settings could take up to one day, but then your photo website is ready for its big reveal.
Build a Drupal photo website in 10 steps
Using the Acquia Dev Desktop local environment, we continue developing our
site before testing and subsequent deployment to a website hosting platform…
01 Create menu links for the galleries
After creating some galleries, we linked them to the main navigation so that site visitors can browse them easily. In the Admin area, we clicked on Structure then Main Navigation and Edit Menu.
We entered a title for the menu link, then typed ‘/media_gallery/1’ in the Link field, repeating this step for the other galleries, replacing ‘/1’ with ‘/2’, ‘/3’, and so on.
02 Improving the image displays
Our galleries would benefit from a ‘lightbox’ to display the photos. Selecting an image would open a pop-up overlay, which we can click through to view all the images displayed in the gallery.
Colorbox is a popular lightbox plug-in that has worked with several versions of Drupal, so it’s well-established and is actively maintained.
You can find its page here – have a peek at the description of the plug-in to see what it can do.
03 Download the Colorbox module
You’ll notice from the description that there are two discrete elements to Colorbox – a module and a plug-in – and the plug-in is a separate download.
Let’s start with the module. Scroll to the bottom of the page and locate the Drupal 8 version (it’s the top one of the two green boxes), mouse over the tar.gz link, right-click and select Copy Link Address.
Back in the site’s Admin area, click on the Extend tab, click Install New Module, paste in the URL and click Install.
04 Download the Colorbox plug-in
Return to the Colorbox download page; immediately under Dependencies, click the Colorbox Plugin 1.x link. This will save a compressed archive file to your computer’s nominated location for downloads.
Now you need to create a directory on your system for the Colorbox plug-in files. As per the instructions on the Colorbox download page, create a directory so that the path to the files becomes [site name]/libraries/colorbox/, then unpack the archive in that location.
05 Place the uncompressed plug-in files
If your folder displays anything different, make sure you’re looking in the right place – the [sitename]/modules/colorbox folder features syntax that’s very similar. (This folder should contain 22 files, including eight sub-folders – see inset, above.)
06 Enable the Colorbox module
Having already installed the Colorbox module, we now need to enable it. (This process isn’t automatic.) Go back to your site’s Admin area and click the Extend tab.
Scroll down two thirds of the page; under the Media section, place a tick to the left of Colorbox. Right at the bottom of the page, click Install.
Go to Reports and run a status report: if Colorbox isn’t listed in Errors Found, then all is well.
07 Check out the effect of our new lightbox
Now let’s see what difference having an image lightbox has made. Click Back To Site in the top-left corner of the screen and call up one of the galleries that you added to the main navigation.
Click on an image and it will open in a pop-up overlay. A pair of buttons in the bottom-left corner allow you to move through the images in the gallery, while an X in the bottom-right closes the pop-up – everything is working fine.
08 Review the image caption information
Another feature of Colorbox is its ability to display a caption for the images, which pops up from the bottom of the image being viewed when you mouse over it.
At present, it’s using the alternative text (a short description used by screen readers or when an image doesn’t load) that we input for each photo while uploading the image files. To change any captions, open the image file in the Content/Files menu.
09 Add some other key pages to the site
With the image display looking better now, we can start building out the site and adding some other key elements. First off, let’s create an About page to outline the photographic services we’re offering.
Click on the Content tab, click Add Content and select Basic Page. Enter the desired text plus an inline image cropped to an appropriate size. (We used 200 x 200 pixels.) Other pages to build include the Welcome page.
10 Assess progress and add other elements
So now we have a fully functioning photography website, organised into a series of galleries that display the images in a pop-up overlay with caption information.
It’s a good start, but this is only the beginning. Other site elements you could think about adding include regular blog posts, to open a conversation with visitors to your site – and this is another function that Drupal supports right out of the box.
Final steps: deploy your local site to the net
So you’ve completed your build and have ironed out some rough edges by fully testing it – now it’s time to deploy your site to the internet and reveal it to a global audience. Here’s how it’s done…
1. Find a hosting service provider
Once your site is fully built and tested, and any bugs or snags are smoothed out, it’s ready to be released to a global audience.
The first step is to find a hosting provider. Make sure that your hosting provider can support PHP and MySQL, both required by Drupal.
2. Download an FTP client to your computer
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the means by which you upload your local site’s files to your web hosting provider. One of the most popular FTP clients is FileZilla, which works on both Windows and macOS. You can find FileZilla here.
3. Upload the files using Control Panel
Your provider will give you access to a control panel, for all-in-one-place site management – cPanel is a popular option. Follow your provider’s instructions for deployment, but be aware that the file transfer and settings configuration could take up to a whole day.
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