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So the Sony Alpha SLT is dead? Well, boo hoo. An obituary

Sony A77 II
(Image credit: Sony)

When it launched its range of SLT (Single Lens Translucent) cameras, Sony’s logic made a certain amount of sense – if you kept your hands over your ears and one eye closed.

What people wanted, Sony argued, was the speed of a phase-detect autofocus system and a digital live view combined. Back then, the only way to get fast phase-detect AF was with a separate sensor in the optical light path. This is how DSLRs work to this day.

Remember, this was when on-sensor phase detect systems did not exist and sensors could only offer slow and plodding contrast AF. The bigger the sensor, the slower and more plodding it became. 

Flip-up selfie screens aren't new. The Sony A77 II SLT had one as part of a pretty formidable set of specs. Sony's SLT cameras were very decent implementations of what proved to be a dead-end design. (Image credit: Sony)

Less Alpha, more Beta

Sony’s solution was to use a fixed, translucent mirror to reflect a part of the image to a regular and separate DSLR type phase detect sensor up where the focusing screen would have been in a DSLR, and the rest of it through to the sensor at the back of the camera. 

So yes, you read that right. That big fat mirror the size of your living room window was ONLY to feed the phase detect AF sensor – not an optical viewfinder. 

That was disappointing. When Sony Alpha SLTs were first released (the Sony A33, 2010), EVFs weren’t great. It was like looking at a computer screen versus looking out of your window. We exaggerate, but EVFs back then were not even a shadow of what they are now.

True, the fixed mirror didn’t slam up and down each time you took a picture. But why didn’t it bounce the image back up into a regular pentaprism viewfinder? Because the AF module would be in the way and – perhaps – because Sony was keen to switch to a fully digital display system, where the viewfinder and the rear screen displayed exactly the same thing (unlike a DSLR).

You thought Sony SLTs were odd? Sony also experimented with digital live view with its DSLRs. The A350 had a secondary mirror in the pentaprism reflecting the image on to a secondary live view image sensor. (Image credit: Sony)

From DSLR to SLT

Sony’s Alpha line was born out of its acquisition of Minolta cameras in 2006, which gave Sony the foothold it needed in the interchangeable lens camera market.

Sony did actually make regular DSLRs at the start. Anyone remember the original Sony A100, the A200, A230, A290, A300, A330, A350, A380, A390, A450 A500, A550, A560, A580, A700, A850, or the A900?

So then came the swap from DSLR to SLT. The optical viewfinder went but the mirror stayed. Pity it couldn’t have been the other way round.

These were all early Sony DSLRs which reviewed pretty well at the time but clearly didn’t dent Canon and Nikon’s dominance in the DSLR market to the degree that Sony hoped.

It’s not like they weren’t trying.

So then came the swap from DSLR to SLT. The optical viewfinder went but the mirror stayed. Pity it couldn’t have been the other way round.

From 2010 we had a long succession of SLT models, including the Sony A33, A35, A37, A55, A57, A58, A65, A68, A77 (and A77 II) and A99 (and A99 II), all taking a growing list of quite decent and modern Alpha mount lenses (that’s ‘Alpha’ the mount, not ‘Alpha’ the brand), all with the same size and heft of a DSLR, but with the SLT design.

The Sony A99 II was a fast and powerful professional camera that foretold the arrival of high-resolution, high-speed cameras like the Sony A7 III – and there were some very good pro Alpha mount lenses to to with it. It didn't do much to budge Canon and Nikon from the pro sports market, though – both equipped with optical 'finders ideal for fast-moving sport. (Image credit: Sony)

Mounting pressure

Sony’s Alpha DSLRs and SLTs used the same lens mount, but lenses came in two different sizes for APS-C cameras and full frame models. So far so good. Lots of camera makers have two different lens sub-ranges for different sensor sizes.

In 2010, however, Sony also launched its new mirrorless camera range, initially with the NEX prefix but also known as ‘Alpha’. The first models used APS-C sensors but in 2013 Sony introduced its first full frame mirrorless cameras. So now there was a new mirrorless ‘E-mount’, also with APS-C and full frame lenses, so that there were four possible Sony lens mount and size combinations and two different camera designs, both ‘Alphas’.

But not actually ‘Alphas’ of course. To this day, Sony likes them described with a lower case Greek ‘α’ character, which only one person in a thousand (estimate) can find on their keyboard.

Now that the Sony Alpha line is no more (that’s the Alpha DSLRs and SLTs, not the Alpha mirrorless cameras), the lens situation is less confused. And you can still use old Alpha lenses on new E-mount cameras with full functionality via the Sony LA-EA5 35mm Full-Frame A-Mount Adapter. 

For a time, Sony fans have had to make sense of two lens mounts, each with lenses in two formats and all for cameras called 'Alphas'. At least things should be simpler now. (Image credit: Sony)

The end of a (short) era

Sony’s SLT cameras were not so much bad as bizarre, a short-lived experiment that must have made sense to Sony at the time, if not the rest of us. 

So to be clear, this was a mirrorless camera with a mirror, and a DSLR with an EVF. In order to get fast phase detect AF and live view at the same time, Sony sacrificed what many would consider to be the chief advantages of both camera types.

We've been pretty savage about Sony's SLT design but the cameras really weren't bad at all – as long as you didn't mind a chunky DSLR with en electronic viewfinder. (Image credit: Sony)

Even then, EVEN THEN, the Sony Alpha SLT looked like a mongrel, a camera that was worse than a DSLR and also worse than the genuinely mirrorless cameras that would soon follow.

Over the years, Sony has got a lot of things right but a few things wrong. Guess where we’re going to categorise the Sony Alpha SLT.

Read more:

Best Sony cameras
Best Sony lenses
Best mirrorless cameras
Best DSLRs
Best professional cameras
Best beginner cameras

Rod Lawton

Rod is the Group Reviews editor for Digital Camera World and across Future's entire photography portfolio. Previously he has been Head of Testing for the photography division and Camera Channel editor on TechRadar. He has been writing about digital cameras since they first appeared, and before that began his career writing about film photography. 


Rod's near-encyclopedic knowledge of cameras both old and new makes him an invaluable resource, whether we need to ask a question about transparencies or the latest X-Trans sensor. He owns all manner of cameras, from Nikon DSLRs through Olympus, Sony and Fujifilm bodies, and on any given day you'll see him using kit from just about every manufacturer.