Colorize old photos: use Photoshop to hand tint portraits of your ancestors

Colorize old photos using Photoshop CC
(Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

Many of us are finding time to look through old photographs whilst stuck at home in lockdown. And whilst going through the family albums (or that shoebox at the back of the cupboard), you may well find old black-and-white photographs or your ancestors.

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Before, color photography became popular it was common for people to have portraits hand-tinted. But nowadays you don't need special paints and a steady hand to do this job... You can colorize old photos using a photo-editing software, such as the market-leading Photoshop CC.

First of all you need to digitize your picture. If you have a print you can scan this (affordable all-in-one printers have the ability to do this) - or better still if you have the negative, use a specialist film scanner. Alternatively you can digitize your print using your own camera.

Once in Photoshop, the process of colorizing your old photo is a matter of doing everything a step of the time.... using masks and layers to isolate the area of the portrait that you are working on. Working in this way, it is easy to correct any mistakes - and to make subtle alterations to what you have done at any stage.

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Here is our step-by-step guide to colorizing our black-and-white portrait…

01: Select the jacket

  (Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

Grab the Quick Selection tool from the Tools panel and paint over the jacket (or any portion of the image to be singularly colored). Hold Alt to subtract if the tool goes wrong at all. To get a smoother edge, go to Select > Select And Mask and increase the Radius and Smooth sliders.

02: Tint the area

(Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

Go to the Layers panel (Window > Layers) click the Create Adjustment Layer icon at the bottom, and choose Color Balance. Experiment with the sliders to add a tint. For extra control, target the Highlights, Midtones and Shadows and experiment with color shifts. Try unchecking Preserve Luminosity too.

03: Color the face

(Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

Highlight the bottom layer, then make a selection of a different area. We’ve selected the skin (except the lips, eyes and eyebrows). For a nice skin tone for this portrait, we set the following color values
Midtones: Cyan-Red +29, Yellow-Blue -12.
Highlights: Cyan-Red +2, Yellow-Blue -8.
Shadows: Cyan-Red +11, Magenta-Green -4, Yellow-Blue -6.

04: Add more tints

(Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

Continue selecting other areas of the image and coloring them in different ways, naming the layers for parts of the face as you go. If you need to fine-tune an area that’s covered, highlight the mask thumbnail of the corresponding Color Balance layer, then paint with white to reveal more color or black to hide it.

05: Strengthen or weaken

(Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

Once all parts are done, tweak the settings until everything gels. If you need to tone a color down, lower the layer opacity of the Color Balance layer. To strengthen a color, duplicate the Color Balance layer with Ctrl/Cmd+J. Here we duplicated the skin and lips layers.’

06: Finishing touches

(Image credit: Practical Photoshop)

To sharpen and enhance the details, highlight the top layer then press Ctrl/Cmd+Shift+Alt+E to merge a copy of all layers. Go to Filter > Camera Raw Filter. Use the Basic tonal controls to add contrast. Next, go to the Detail panel. Apply Sharpening and Noise Reduction to finish off the image.

Read more:
How to download Photoshop and try it for free

15 Photoshop fixes: solve common photo problems with these Photoshop CC tips

The best photo editing software today

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Chris George

Chris George has worked on Digital Camera World since its launch in 2017. He has been writing about photography, mobile phones, video making and technology for over 30 years – and has edited numerous magazines including PhotoPlus, N-Photo, Digital Camera, Video Camera, and Professional Photography. 

His first serious camera was the iconic Olympus OM10, with which he won the title of Young Photographer of the Year - long before the advent of autofocus and memory cards. Today he uses a Nikon D800, a Fujifilm X-T1, a Sony A7, and his iPhone 11 Pro.

He has written about technology for countless publications and websites including The Sunday Times Magazine, The Daily Telegraph, Dorling Kindersley, What Cellphone, T3 and Techradar.