Chances are if you've been into the photography game for a fair few years, or are more of a debonair moustachioed hipster doing the full retro with a vintage Olympus Trip 35, you'll have a few strips of film negatives around, or even some slides from yesteryear. Trouble is, it's all too easy to let these languish in an attic when you could be converting them to digital images to share with friends, family and the world.
Scanning developed 6x4 film prints is one option, but for the best possible film to digital conversion, it's best to scan your original negatives or transparencies. This can be done with a conventional flatbed scanner that has the option to scan negs and slides, and includes the required holders.
Alternatively, there are dedicated film scanners. Cheaper options can scan incredibly quickly but at the expense of image quality, while high-end models take their time but reward you with stunning clarity, resolving every single film grain in your original photo.
Here we've selected film scanners that'll suit most budgets. All will scan 35mm color and black and white negatives, as well as 35mm slide positives. The flatbed scanners can also scan medium format film, while others are capable of digitizing 8mm film.
The best film scanners
So what's the best film scanner? Right now, we think it's the OpticFilm 8100 from film scanning experts Plustek: it extracts phenomenal levels of detail from your film, is backed up by excellent included scanning software, and it's sensibly priced. We love it.
If you're after something that'll scan multiple film frames automatically, and has the versatility to scan photo prints and documents, Epson's V550 Photo flatbed scanner is a great choice.
1. Plustek OpticFilm 8100
A superb scanner that delivers stunning results
Maximum scanning resolution: 7200 dpi | Requires computer: Yes | Supported film types/sizes: 35mm colour and mono negatives; 35mm slide positives | Dimensions: 120 x 272 x 119mm
This is baby of the OpticFilm range, yet it still boasts a respectable 7,200dpi maximum scanning resolution. It’s also a real optical film scanner - not just a digital camera sensor in a scanner body. This does however mean the 8100 is no speed demon. Each 35mm film frame takes nearly 4 minutes to scan at max res, but 3,600dpi is more than adequate for most film stocks and you’ll have a scanned frame in 1 minute 20 seconds.
Though the front panel has a QuickScan button that automatically scans and saves a frame to you computer desktop, it’s best to load up the bundled SilverFast software that provides comprehensive scanning options and pre-scan image enhancement. Even without messing with the settings, and scanning at 3,600dpi, the 8100 is in a league of its own for scan quality, extracting bags of detail from our 35mm negs and transparencies. It also lets you scan the entire film frame with no overzealous cropping. The 8100 did struggle to reveal every detail in the shadow areas of our high-contrast 35mm slide positive, but this is our only nitpick.
2. Epson Perfection V550 Photo
Flatbed versatility with excellent film scanning quality - a compelling combination
Maximum scanning resolution: 12800 dpi | Requires computer: Yes | Supported film types/sizes: 35mm colour and mono negatives; 35mm slide positives; 120/220 medium format | Dimensions: 280 x 485 x 118mm
Flatbed scanners are traditionally thought of as a more versatile but less finessed alternative to a dedicated film scanner. However our experience with the V550 was very positive. Naturally it can scan photos and documents, but it includes holders for 35mm film, 35mm slides, and 120/220 medium format film. Scanning resolution can go as high as a whopping 12,800dpi, but we found 3,200dpi more than enough for our test film stocks, producing a digitized image equivalent to around 12.2MP.
You might imagine that laying out up to a dozen 35mm film frames over the flatbed would result in fast scanning, but the V550 Photo still scans each frame individually - albeit automatically - and takes around one minute per frame at 3,200dpi. Scanning with Digital ICE automatic dust and scratch removal enabled only adds around 20 seconds per frame.
Results are superior to the Plustek OpticFilm 135 dedicated film scanner, with noticeably more detail, plus better default colour and contrast. However the V550 can’t match the Opticfilm 8100’s ability to extract every spec of detail. It also crops slightly more of each frame, though nothing too severe.
3. Epson Perfection V850 Pro
An impressive piece of kit, but the cheaper V550 Photo makes more sense
Maximum scanning resolution: 12800 dpi | Requires computer: Yes | Supported film types/sizes: 35mm colour and mono negatives; 35mm slide positives; 120/220 medium format; 5 x 4 inch; up to 8 x 10 inch | Dimensions: 308 x 503 x 152 mm
Positioned at the pinnacle of Epson’s scanner range, the V850 Pro is aimed squarely at film fanatics wanting the best possible conversion to digital images. Its eye-opening price tag is a result of a dedicated scanning lens designed especially for film, and it being bundled with not one but two sets of film holders. The the 35mm film strip and 35mm slide holders are an appreciable step up in quality from those included with the V550 Photo. The scanner itself is also an absolute beast and feels like a premium product.
Like the V550, resolution tops out at 12,800dpi, but again, it’s rare you’ll need such extreme resolving power. At 3,200dpi we didn’t find the V850 to be significantly faster than the V550, but step up to higher resolutions and this top-tier model pulls ahead, taking just 2 minutes 30 seconds to scan a 35mm frame at 12,800 dpi.
However there’s precious little to separate the V850 from the V550 when it comes to scan quality. Both deliver excellent results that are almost indistinguishable, making the V850’s hefty price premium tough to justify.
4. Plustek OpticFilm 135
Plustek's top-tier film scanner is good, but the cheaper 8100 is better still
Maximum scanning resolution: 3600 dpi | Requires computer: Yes | Supported film types/sizes: 35mm colour and mono negatives; 35mm slide positives | Dimensions: 175 x 259 x 104mm
The problem with most dedicated film scanners is you have to stick around to manually load each frame of film to be scanned. The beauty of the OpticFilm 135 is its motorised film transport automatically advances a strip of six 35mm film frames or four 35mm slides through the scanner. The process is complete in just 3 minutes 20 seconds when scanning negs at 3,600dpi, though unlike the cheaper OpticFilm 8100, this is the highest resolution available.
Where the 8100 uses third-party scanning software, the newer OpticFilm 135 is bundled with Plustek’s own QuickScan Plus program that sports a more modern, easier to configure interface. However it offers fewer pre-scan customisation options than the old SilverFast software and is somewhat lacking if you want total scanning control.
Scan quality is also disappointing compared to the older OpticFilm 8100. Fine detail is nowhere near as well resolved at the same 3,600dpi resolution, and scans exhibit less detail than those from Epson’s cheaper V550 flatbed scanner. We were also unimpressed with the muted default contrast and slightly inaccurate colour of most of our test scans.
5. Kenro 4-in-1 Film & Photo Scanner
Cheap yet reasonably cheerful, providing you don’t intend to digitize slides
Maximum scanning resolution: 5.1 megapixels (10MP interpolated) | Requires computer: No | Supported film types/sizes: 35mm colour and mono negatives; 35mm slide positives; 3.5x5”, 6x4” or 7x5 prints | Dimensions: 235 x 208 x 147mm
Not only does this Kenro scanner let you scan 35mm negative or positive film and 35mm slides, it can also digitize 3.5x5-inch, 6x4-inch and 7x5-inch prints. It does so by saving straight to an SD card, so no messing about with separate software, and the 2.4-inch LCD monitor gives an instant preview of the frame about to be scanner. That’s because this is a camera-based scanner that uses a 5.1MP CMOS sensor to photograph each film frame. The menu interface isn’t quite as slick as the Kodak Scanza’s, but the process is almost as fast.
We used the 10MP interpolated resolution setting, equivalent to 3,600dpi. Although upscaled, the Kenro’s scans still reveal more fine detail than the Scanza does at 22MP, and while images are still fairly soft, they don’t exhibit the Scanza’s unsightly watercolour look. Where the Kenro falls short is with 35mm slide transparencies, as its dynamic range is simply appalling. Scans of high-contrast slides have hugely blown highlights and no shadow detail to compensate. You’ll also have to put up with heavy-handed cropping of any 35mm film frame.
6. Kodak Scanza
A pleasure to use, but the final scan results are much less pleasing
Maximum scanning resolution: 14 megapixels (22MP interpolated) | Requires computer: No | Supported film types/sizes: 35mm colour and mono negatives; 35mm slide positives; 126; 110; Super 8; 8mm film | Dimensions: 20 x 120 x 127mm
The Scanza is all about convenience. It’s easily the smallest scanner here, yet you get a 3.5-inch tilting colour monitor for image previews, and scans are saved straight to an SD card - no computer or additional software required. Several film holders are included, allowing you to scan 35mm, 126, 110, Super 8 and 8mm film negatives and slides. However, unlike most scanners, the 35mm film holder only has a single frame cutout, so you have to feed the film itself through the holder, increasing the chances of marking it with dust and fingerprints.
This isn’t technically a scanner, but rather a camera. It photographs each film frame with a selectable 14MP or interpolated 22MP resolution, and does so with a single press of a button. The process really couldn’t be easier or faster. But this speed comes at the cost of scanning quality. Despite having 22MP on tap, scans appear painterly, overprocessed, and obviously lacking in fine detail, even without viewing at 100% image size. At least dynamic range is pretty good, and the Scanza doesn’t crop each frame too heavily.
5 things to look for in a film scanner
1. Pixel perfect
Don’t be swayed by sky-high scanning resolutions. Unless you’re digitising extremely slow film speeds, 3,200dpi will be more than enough.
2. Film or flatbed?
Dedicated film scanners can offer impressive image quality, but a decent flatbed scanner offers extra versatility and scanning convenience.
3. Software features
If you want the best possible results, good scanning software is a must. It’ll let you fine tune every element of the scanning process.
4. Ease of use
Standalone film scanners that save directly to a memory card are great for convenience, but don’t expect image quality to be anything special.
5. Hold on tight
Cheaper scanners can often be let down be tacky film holders that are tricky to use and can compromise the quality of the final image.