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When is the Golden Hour and why is it called that?

The warm color of the light during the golden hour is unique.
(Image credit: @fablesandlouise)

Photography is all about light and the way it illuminates the scened. In many instances, as photographers of the natural world we’re looking for the most appealing light, so our image is more eye-catching for the viewer. The Golden Hour is traditionally the period when light is at its best, and this is early and late in the day. Of course, it doesn’t mean conditions are always best then, but when they are it’s possible to shoot some spectacular photos.

The Golden Hour is a relatively short period of time that is roughly 60-minutes post-sunrise and 60-minutes pre-sunset. During these periods the sun is lower in the sky, and often warmer – hence the reference to golden. When the sun is low, then the natural light it emits is much more directional – so we get interesting textures and long shadows. Light is also softer so it’s a quality that is appealing to look at. 

Golden hour shooting tips

You can get apps which will tell you when the golden hour will be at your location. (Image credit: Digital Camera World)

The exact period of the Golden Hour depends on location and time of year, and there are Golden Hour Calculator Apps that allow you to work out the timing with precise accuracy. However, if you just take a chance with your photography and make sure you concentrate on the general period after sunrise and before sunset, then you’ll give yourself maximum chances of being in the right place at the right time to experience its magic. 

When shooting during the Golden Hour, it’s important to make the most of the beautiful light and its effect on your surroundings. During these periods the light is directional but less intense, so there are several things to consider. Firstly, shutter speeds will be slower than when the sun is brighter and higher in the sky, so the use of a tripod may well be necessary to avoid the curse of camera shake.

Golden hour lighting

It is possible to intensify the effect of the golden hour digitally, but the shadows and the direction of the light need to be right in the first place, so you still have to be there at the right time! (Image credit: Rod Lawton)

Your position in relation to the light also needs to be considered. Long shadows mean that if you are shooting with a wide-angle lens and the sun is behind you, then yours and the tripod’s shadow could be in the frame, so watch out for it. If you are shooting into the light (also known as contre jour), which is a great technique for the Golden Hour, then be aware that the low sun can put flare into your frame. While this can look great, if you want to avoid it, then make sure you have a lens hood on and shield the top of the lens with your hand. 

Finally, the whole point of getting up early or staying out later, is to capture the natural warmth of the Golden Hour so it would be a shame to lose it. If your camera’s White Balance is on Auto, then it’s likely this will actually lessen the warmth as the camera attempts to remove what it sees as a colour cast! Instead, make sure you are shooting with your White Balance set to Daylight to capture what’s there as faithfully as possible, or use Shade if you want to boost it even more.

Read more:

Best cameras for landscapes
Best tripods
Best lenses for landscapes
DCW Dictionary of photography