Watch video: Blur backgrounds in Photoshop Elements
Being able to experiment with depth of field is one of the biggest advantages of having a DSLR or mirrorless system. Shooting with the aperture wide open will enable you to blur backgrounds and create subject separation for a striking, three-dimensional effect.
Sometimes shooting with a wide aperture isn’t practical, as the resulting plane of sharp focus may be too narrow to accurately use – or perhaps you shot wide open but would still like the background to be blurred even further.
We’re going to show you how to do that in Photoshop Elements using layers, though the process is very similar if you want to use Photoshop CC (opens in new tab). To further boost the distinction between blurry background and sharp portrait, we'll also sharpen the details of the owl’s face as well.
Read the steps below and watch the video above to see how you can do it. You can get the Owl.jpg start image here (opens in new tab) or use one of your own shots to follow along.
01. Select your subject(opens in new tab)
Open the Owl.jpg image (or your own picture) and hit Ctrl/Cmd + J to duplicate the layer. Now grab the Polygonal Lasso Tool, and in the Tool Options make sure that Feather is set to 0px. Then just click all the way around it to make a rough selection.
02. Refine the selection
In the Tool Options click Refine Edge and set the View Mode to Overlay, then use the Refine Radius Tool and paint over the tricky flyaway hairs to add them to the selection. Set the Feather to 1px and set Output To as New Layer with Layer Mask.
03. Add in any missing gaps(opens in new tab)
Hit OK, then, on your new layer, zoom in and look for any gaps, such as between the legs of the owl, in our image. Select these once again with the Polygonal Lasso Tool and paint black over them on the layer mask to hide these areas.
04. Blur the background(opens in new tab)
Reveal the layer beneath your top one and click it to make it active. Now head up to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur to start blurring your shot. We felt that a value of 36px worked well to add more subject separation to our image. Hit OK to apply it when you’re done.
05. Remove your subject(opens in new tab)
You need to remove your subject from this layer, so there isn’t any overlap with your ‘sharp’ layer. Use the Clone Stamp Tool holding Alt to sample ‘good’ parts of your image and paint over your subject until you’ve removed it completely.
06. Sharpen the owl's face(opens in new tab)
Make your top layer active and press Ctrl/Cmd + J to duplicate it. Go to Filter > Other > High Pass and set the Radius to around 2-4px and hit OK. Set the Blending to Overlay and mask off the whole image apart from the face to finish.
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