What do you do when even the widest of wide-angle lenses doesn't do justice to the view in front of you? Get one of the best panoramic tripod heads and create a multi-shot panorama, stitching together multiple images to create an ultra-wide vista in gloriously high resolution.
Only by using a tripod and a panoramic head can you get results seamless enough for a really good panorama. While most standard ball heads will include a pan base, a dedicated panoramic head gives you the kind of precision you need. Some can rotate with click-stops at pre-set intervals, giving you consistent image overlaps to make the stitching a matter of ease.
Also, you can think bigger than just an ultra-wide image. It's also possible to create multi-row and 360x180-degree spherical panoramas, producing a wraparound virtual reality effect. These require a head that lets you precisely position your camera horizontally and vertically, and we've included some of these heads in our guide. It's also possible to further take the work out of things by using a motorised head.
If you're really interested in 360-degree imaging then check out our guide to 360 cameras like the Ricoh Theta. However, these can't match the resolution possible by using multiple stitched images snapped by a conventional camera, so for best results, break out one of the panoramic heads in our guide!
Five things to look out for in a panoramic tripod head
Which camera? There are plenty of panoramic heads out there, but many will be too small to accommodate a large DSLR with a full-frame lens.
On the go: Go for a compact folding head if you've got a small DSLR or mirrorless camera and it can stow in kit bag ready for spontaneous opportunities.
Select software: Even the most trick panoramic head needs to be accompanied by stitching software. There are plenty of powerful options, and some are even free.
The nodal point: Shooting spherical panoramas requires a head that lets you rotate your lens’s entrance pupil - known as the nodal point - so you don't end up with troublesome parallax problems.
Going handheld: Gone out without your panoramic head? You can shoot a single-row panorama handheld - just pan flat and level, ensuring each consecutive shot has a decent overlap with the last. Stitching software will do the rest.
The 300N may not look like much, but it’s a precision device. The holes around the main body accept a selector screw, so when you pan the head, it clicks into place at anywhere between 5- and 90-degree intervals. The setting depends on your lens’ field of view and focal length. Don’t forget to add an overlap between shots to help your stitching software.
The 300N’s quality build is reflected in its premium price tag, and you’ll need to top it off with a conventional head or mounting plate. It’s also possible to get similar panoramic results with a regular pan head if you’re careful, but don’t discount the 300N: it has plenty to offer.
Though it's cheaper now than it was at launch, the Benro GH2 is still an expensive prospect, especially when compared to the other candidates on this list. So what's it got going for it?
Well, if you're using a hefty DSLR setup with a long telephoto lens and are worried that a standard panoramic head might not be able to support it, then this is your buy. The Benro GH2 supports a whopping 22kg, absolutely more than enough for pretty much any photographic setup you could think of. You'd have to actively try to craft a photographic setup this head couldn't handle, and it would probably involve hanging a medieval cannonball off the zoom ring.
The panning action is smooth and fluid, even when using lenses with focal lengths of 600mm or greater, so if you're aiming to create telephoto panoramas then you're more than covered. If you're not though, this head probably doesn't quite justify its asking price, so check out the rest of the list for heads that are more budget-appropriate.
The Nodal Ninja doesn’t look like much, but this pared-down head is ideal for shooting spherical or multi-row panoramas. Featuring only essential adjustment, the design is kept compact and collapsible and weighs just 475g.
Thankfully build quality hasn’t been compromised, as everything’s precisely machined with no slack between components, while locking clamps hold securely and are very grippy. The diminutive base has been designed so it can be loaded with optional detent rings for incremental click panning. Choose from huge 120-degree stops if you’re using a fisheye lens, right down to a finely-tuned 10-degree detent ring for making zoomed-in panoramas with a telephoto lens.
Improvements over the previous Mark 2 version of the head include a special surface treatment in upper rotator to enable a higher load capacity, up to 3.5kg if you spec the head with the optional Rotator D10 base. Just remember that this is still a small head, so best suited to mirrorless or APS-C DSLR cameras fitted with a compact lens.
Rollei’s entry isn’t far off the size of the mighty Manfrotto 303SPH, but with fewer components and a lighter build, it’s half the weight at 1.2kg. The tall vertical arm gives you room to rotate a longer lens, and the 3kg payload capacity is enough for a full-frame DSLR setup.
The pan base has selectable click-stops at 15, 24, 60 and 90-degree increments, and it locks positively into these stops when rotating. The upper, vertical pan motion is just as precise and has click stops every 15 degrees, making it much more useful than the Andoer head when using a longer lens to capture a multi-row panorama. Another nice touch is the bracket linking the horizontal base plate with the main vertical arm. Loosen the clamp under the bracket and the arm can rotate, swinging your camera out so it can shoot straight down to capture the nadir image with less tripod visible in the frame.
Dropping big bucks on a head you may only use occasionally can be painful, so this keenly-priced option is tempting. First impressions are good, as the components feel rigid and lock in place positively. There isn’t a great deal of travel along each slider, but it’s enough to centralise a camera up to the size of a small DSLR. Andoer claims a 10kg max load, but this seems optimistic.
The compact rotating base has five click-stop increments at 15, 30, 45, 60 and 90 degrees, though the click action isn’t particularly precise. Rotation is at least smooth, and there’s no excess movement in the bearings. The same precision benefits the vertical arm’s rotation, and this has click-stop points every 30-degrees. Trouble is, that’s easily too much vertical panning distance to allow for overlapping shots when using a lens focal length any longer than about 40 degrees, and the arm can’t be securely clamped at positions other than 30-degree increments.
This head is a pleasure to use and very good value, but only if you’ll be using a wide-angle lens.
With its slick colour-coordinated components, Novoflex’s head certainly looks the part. The collapsible design enables it to pack small in seconds, but while the VR-System Slim tips the scales at a reasonably light 760g, the featherweight Nodal Ninja 3 is lighter still.
Thankfully, the space-saving doesn’t compromise build quality, which is solid enough to support a mid-size DSLR without flexing, and the head is rated to support lenses from 8mm fisheyes through to 160mm telephotos. The locking clamps live up to this claim as they grip nice and tightly, however they’re too smooth to operate easily in all weathers.
On the upside, the head features four click pan scales built into the base, while the upper arm also has click stops every 10 degrees to help set vertical angles when shooting multi row and spherical panoramas. Novoflex includes a useful hot shoe bubble level to help with camera positioning, but it’s not enough to justify the price difference over the Nodal Ninja 3.
Geared heads are great for panoramas, but are also good for any shot requiring compositional control. The 410 has three knobs that will wind your camera precisely around a 360-degree pan, as well as tilting it vertically and laterally.
The substantial aluminum construction oozes quality and contributes to the head’s 1.22kg bulk, although it’s well up to handling a full-frame camera with a serious lens. You don’t get any nodal point adjustment, so close-range panoramas may not stitch together correctly. Unlike the 300N, the 410 can’t be configured to click into place at set intervals.
The baffling array of sliders and markings on this head is initially daunting, but it doesn’t take long to learn the basics and find the nodal point. Adjustment is excellent, so you can nail perfect camera positioning, and there’s even the ability to shoot straight down to easily capture the nadir image in a spherical panorama. The stout build and large slider travel also enables mounting of big cameras like an EOS-1D X or D5 - you can’t use these with smaller heads like the Nodal Ninja.
Top quality engineering and materials ensure everything holds rock steady, though it does result in the 303SPH tipping the scales at a hefty 2.4kg. Fortunately it can be dismantled for more streamlined storage.
However, value is questionable. Though it includes Manfrotto’s excellent 300N panoramic base which enables incremental click panning for consistent image overlaps - itself worth £180/$240 - the 303SPH has recently rocketed in price and is now getting close to the cost of the far more advanced Gigapan Epic Pro.
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