Landscapes (opens in new tab) are one of the most popular genres in photography, so it goes without saying that there are lot of landscape photos shot every day. Therefore it can be really quite tricky to stay ahead of the competition. It's useful to introduce some simple and attractive extra elements, to make your images stand apart from the crowd.
One such technique is to use aperture artistically and introduce some light flare into sparsely detailed scenes - such as in this coastal landscape.
1- Choose the right optic
Your lens selection will depend on the intensity of the sunlight - if it is visible in the scene itself a wideangle lens will suffice, but if the sun is out of the frame a longer lens is needed. A wide aperture is also required.
2- Select your angle
Aim the camera so that the sun is positioned to one side of the frame, or just out of shot, illuminating the scene from an angle. Be sure that you consider safety and do not look directly at the sun through the viewfinder.
3- Set the aperture
Set an aperture of around f/5.6 to begin, incrementally opening up towards the maximum - ideally f/2.8 or wider - to find a balance of depth-of-field and flare. The wider lens opening gives the light a less defined shape, for the washed-out effect.
4- Find a base exposure
It is still important to avoid too many blown highlights or blacked shadows, although some clipping near the sun is acceptable. Change metering mode to Partial and measure from foreground highlights to create a bright image, while keeping the tonality mostly in range.
5- Arrange composition
It is critical to retain a strong subject so check that your choice of angle compliments the scene elements. The attraction of this effect us that the soft lighting contrasts with sharp coastal features, so look for framing which subtly balances these opposing textures.
6- Adjust exposure
Use exposure compensation to brighten or darken the image to taste. A brighter exposure will often emphasise the washed-out style, but this can be at the expense of colour saturation. Use negative compensation to boost colour strength if necessary and to prevent widespread highlight clipping.
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