Watch video: Add a point of interest in Photoshop CC
One of the most useful ‘rules’ of photography is this – every photograph should have a subject. This holds true whether you’re shooting a portrait or landscape. Even abstract photos work best when they have a point of focus, something to draw the eye to a certain part of the image. Of course, all rules were meant to be broken, but having a subject to draw the eye can often lead to a stronger, more cohesive shot.
But what if there’s no subject in sight? We’ve surely all come across beautiful scenes or gorgeous moments of light that don’t have a point of interest, but we go ahead and shoot anyway. Like our starting photo here, the resulting image will probably be nice enough, but a bit bland.
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Thankfully we can use simple tools in Photoshop CC (opens in new tab) to drop in a subject. In this case we’ve added a stag to our misty woodland scene, but you could use the same technique to add all kinds of distant subjects, whether it be an animal, a person or an inanimate object like a tree or rock.
Some may call this cheating – there’s no substitute for being there in the moment (imagine how lovely this moment would have been if the stag was there) but it does demonstrate skill of a different kind – that of combining photos into a realistic whole. The key is in first making a precise cut out then matching the tones in the two photos, which we can do with a neat trick involving Curves...
01 Copy and position(opens in new tab)
Download the woodland_before01 start image here and open it, then go to File>Place Embedded and choose the 02 image. Go to the Layers Panel and lower the layer opacity, then hit Cmd/Ctrl+T. Hold Shift and drag the corner of the box to resize and then position the stag. Hit enter to apply.
02 Select the stag
Bring the Layer Opacity back up to 100% then go to Select>Select and Mask. Set View: Marching Ants then grab the Quick Selection tool from the left then paint over the stag to select it. If the selection goes wrong, hold Alt and paint to subtract areas.
03 Improve the cut out(opens in new tab)
Change View to ‘On Layers’ then increase the Radius slider to improve the selection edge. If the edges need some work, try painting with the Refine Radius Brush, or switch to the Brush tool to go freehand. Next, choose Output to: Layer Mask and hit OK.
04 Match the tones(opens in new tab)
Reposition the stag if necessary then highlight the mask thumbnail in the Layers Panel and paint black over the legs so they appear to go behind the log here. Check the edges of the mask and paint with white or black if you need to fine-tune what is visible or hidden.
05 Tint the shadows
Hit Cmd/Ctrl+M to bring up the Curves box. Double-click the black point eyedropper in the box to open a colour box, then click on a dark tone in the trees near the stag to sample. Hit OK, then click the darkest part of the stag to change the shadow colours. Hit OK.
06 Match the grain(opens in new tab)
The stag looks too detailed, so go to Filter>Blur>Gaussian Blur, set Amount 1 and hit OK. Next match the noise in the background image. Go to Filter>Noise. Check Monochromatic, set Amount 8 and hit OK. Make any other tonal changes to finish up.
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