How to sharpen an image in Photoshop Elements

Watch video: How to sharpen an image in Photoshop Elements

While we don’t have the ability to turn a completely out-of-focus shot into a sharp one, or at least not for the moment anyway, we are able to make a sharp shot look razor-sharp… or turn a slightly soft image into a passable one. 

Sharpening is a key part of the editing process, but what you’re actually doing is boosting contrast around hard lines and edges in your shot to raise the perceived level of sharpness. This can be done in various way in Photoshop CC or Photoshop Elements 2020, and we’ll be using the latter for this tutorial.

The steps are identical in both pieces of software. We’ll be using a High Pass layer for the sharpening effect and this gives you the extra control of being able to dial the effect down if it’s too strong. We’ll also use a layer mask, so you’re only sharpening important details, like the eyes of this portrait, and not making noise more prominent. 

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How to sharpen an image in Photoshop Elements

(Image credit: Future)

01 Remove imperfections

The first thing to do is to remove any blemishes and imperfections on the skin with the Spot Healing Brush Tool, otherwise these will become more exaggerated when sharpened.

(Image credit: Future)

02 Duplicate your layer

Head over to your Layers panel by going to Window > Layers – it’ll appear on the right of the interface. Now, hit Ctrl + J on a PC, or Cmd + J on a Mac, on the keyboard to duplicate the Background Layer.

(Image credit: Future)

03 Create a high pass layer

Next, head to Filter > Other > High Pass and set the Radius amount in the High Pass dialogue box to a low value, around 3-5px usually works well. Now hit OK to apply your sharpening effect.

(Image credit: Future)

04 Remove the color

Your high pass layer currently has a small amount of color in it, which will distort the colors of your picture when blended. To stop this happening go to Enhance > Adjust Color > Remove Color.

(Image credit: Future)

05 Blend it in

Now it’s time to blend in the high pass layer to sharpen your shot, so head to the Layers panel and click on the drop-down box that says Normal, this is your Blending Mode, and change it to Overlay.

(Image credit: Future)

06 Mask it off

Click on the Add Layer Mask icon and hit Ctrl / Cmd + I to totally mask off the layer. Then use a soft-edged white Brush Tool to paint over the parts of your shots you want to sharpen like the features of the face.

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Dan Mold
Deputy Editor

Deputy Editor on PhotoPlus: The Canon Magazine, Dan also brings his technical wizardry and editing skills to Digital Camera World. He has been writing about all aspects of photography for over 10 years, having previously served as technical writer and technical editor for Practical Photography magazine, as well as Photoshop editor on Digital Photo

Dan is an Adobe-certified Photoshop guru, making him officially a beast at post-processing – so he’s the perfect person to share tips and tricks both in-camera and in post. Able to shoot all genres, Dan provides news, techniques and tutorials on everything from portraits and landscapes to macro and wildlife, helping photographers get the most out of their cameras, lenses, filters, lighting, tripods, and, of course, editing software.