When I meet Jim Cossey at the Gateway to Wales, he is gently cursing the weather that we’ll be driving through to reach the Brecon Beacons Waterfall Centre.
White skies and drizzle might not be the most inspiring conditions for epic landscapes, but it’s reassuring to know that overcast conditions can sometimes prove favourable for landscapes – yielding even highlights, shadows and colours.
Jim recently moved to the Brecon Beacons National Park to reconnect with nature and draw inspiration from his surroundings, without having to travel too far afield on a regular basis.
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• Landscape photography (opens in new tab) tips and techniques(opens in new tab)
“Nestled into the southern slopes of the Fforest Fawr massif, west of Merthyr Tydfil, Waterfall Country is one of the most beautiful and popular parts of the Brecon Beacons National Park,” says the Beacons’ official tourism website.
The steep, tree-lined gorges and an abundance of tumbling water will be the ideal backdrop for Jim to show me his techniques and tricks, as well as try out a new camera.
Jim is a proud Panasonic Lumix Ambassador – and the timing of our shoot is perfect, as he’s just got his hands on a pre-production S-series full-frame model. He usually uses a Panasonic Lumix G9, and loves the lighter load that the system gives him while hiking, wild camping and generally exploring Mother Nature.(opens in new tab)
Waterfall Country receives around 160,000 visitors a year, including walkers, outdoor groups, photographers, climbers, cavers and canoeists.
We head to the most famous waterfall first, Sgwd-y-Eira (‘Snow Waterfall’). Jim knows the area well; after a steep walk down to river level, we find a natural path leading right behind a flowing curtain of water. It’s the perfect spot for him to mount the new S1R onto a tripod.(opens in new tab)
When you’re shooting on uneven ground, it’s always a good to check the stability of the tripod. Jim first makes sure that the tripod legs are fully locked: on a rocky riverbed with fast-flowing water, it can be easy for a leg to slip and send the camera straight into the water.
Not every bit of photography advice involves kit, but for good shots you need to be dressed for your environment. Jim has tall wellies on, enabling him to wade right into the river.
We both need to wear sturdy footwear on paths, too, as the walking trails can be steep and slippery underfoot. It’s easy to get lost in the moment when you’re taking photos, but we also need to be aware of unguarded steep drops when scouting.
Behind the scenes of a Jim Cossey landscapes shoot
Safety aside, let’s delve into the accessories Jim is using for the waterfall shots. He mounts a filter setup that includes a six-stop ND filter and a polariser – the latter handily comes on and off at will thanks to a magnetic holder.
Down in the tree-lined gorge, in front of the majestic falls, mist and spray quickly coats the front of these filters. Jim makes sure to wipe them frequently with a lens cloth, which minimises the effect of mist and droplets ruining the sharpness of his photographs.
Although Jim had set up in one spot to begin with, I notice he keeps moving, and tries plenty of compositions downstream, upstream and just generally in stream. With any landscape, careful consideration needs to be given to what you include and leave out of the frame, and where you stand in relation to your subject.(opens in new tab)
“One of the biggest tips I can give is to take the time to look at the scene in front of you,” Jim says. “Really look for an interesting composition. This could mean just taking a few steps in one direction, or lowering the camera down to the ground a little. The most interesting pictures are made by taking the viewer on a visual journey across the whole image.”
Although it’s a grey day, I am eager to know how Jim shoots in other lighting conditions with the Lumix G-series cameras. “I love capturing sunrises and the golden colourful light that follows,” he says.
“This can be tricky to capture in one image – especially using a cropped-sensor camera – due to the nature of how big the dynamic range is in the scene. I always tend to set up a three-stop bracket exposure: this way I can guarantee that my highlights are not blown and details are retained in the shadows.”
Although the new S1R offers a cracking combination of in-body image stabilisation (IBIS) and lens-based optical stabilisation, as Jim has enjoyed, he still needed to avoid unintentional camera movement during the extended exposures of waterfalls.
Blurry water is a gem, but motion blur is not. Some images were around five seconds in duration, so it was best to fire the shutter with a timer delay to keep scenes sharp.
Looking back, we shot at several waterfalls during our trip in the Beacons, as well as a handful of vistas while driving to and from the area.(opens in new tab)
Just as we are leaving Waterfall Country and heading to a local cafe to review the day, a sudden rainbow appears. As Jim hops out to capture it, it is clear to see the affinity he has for his local landscape, and his ability to adapt to fleeting natural moments when they appear.
Jim Cossey’s kit list for shooting landscapes
1. Panasonic Lumix S1R (opens in new tab)
As a Lumix Ambassador, Jim had early access to a pre-production model of this new full-frame mirrorless. With 47.3 megapixels, powerful 4K video capture and a high-res electronic viewfinder, Jim says it’s a high-performer in a small package.
2. Benro Mach3 tripod
Jim’s carbon-fibre model has twist legs, reaches a height of 156cm, and a portable (closed) length of 54cm – great for carrying out on location. While shooting in a rocky riverbed, Jim wiggled the tripod to make sure the legs were done up tightly before letting go of the camera, to make sure it wouldn’t plunge into the water.
3. Kase filter system
The nifty Kase K100-Slim can hold a magnetic circular polarizer for speedy mounting and dismounting. Jim also adds ND filters to reduce the light hitting the sensor and reach long, slow exposures.
4. Panasonic Lumix G9. (opens in new tab)
This is Jim’s usual camera, mounted with an 8-18mm lens. The Micro Four Thirds sensor provides extra reach, as the effective focal length for any given lens is double compared to a full-frame camera.
5. Burton backpack.
As well as making backpacks for the general outdoor explorer, Burton also has a range of photo and tech bags. Jim’s padded case has moveable compartments, plus plenty of storage pockets for his filters and batteries.
Technique tips and settings(opens in new tab)
1. Setting the focus. Using the S1R's responsive touchscreen and his lens' autofocus, Jim was able to tap the screen where he wanted to position the focal point. The main waterfall was the sharpest area.
2. Checking levels. It can be easy to overexpose and lose highlight details in water and white clouds. Jim reviewed his shots and checked the histograms (the three colour channels and exposure) for clipped tones.(opens in new tab)
3. Shutter delay. With exposure times of around five seconds, Jim needed to avoid any camera movement during the shots. Even firing the shutter can jog the camera, so to avoid this, Jim set a two-second timer delay.
4. Straight horizons. Some cameras offer a Virtual Horizon feature that can be displayed in Live View mode on the screen as you shoot. Jim turned this feature on, and used it to get a straight, natural frame.
Once bracketed shots have been captured, it’s time for Jim to merge them with post-processing software. He always shoots in raw mode to get the best out of the sensor.
“I mostly edit my images in Lightroom, using the Photo Merge HDR tool to blend the bracketed shots together. One of my favourite tools to use is the Graduated Filter, adding more drama to the sky. I’ll also make some final tweaks in DxO’s Nik Collection.”(opens in new tab)
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