Watch video: Lens flare photography
There are many ways to avoid lens flare. You can attach a lens hood, alter the angle of your shot, block incoming light or choose to shoot at certain times of day. However, when used intentionally, lens flare can be an effective way to spice up your outdoor portraits.
The stylized aesthetic is particularly useful if you want to obscure a boring or overly busy background, or make use of otherwise harsh, unflattering sunlight. And you don't need fancy lenses – in fact, it's often quite the opposite. Zooms are known to cause more flare than primes, and lenses without top-notch anti-reflective coatings will be more susceptible to it – but how intense you want the effect is a matter of taste. We’d recommend experimenting with the lenses you own.
The angle of the sun is a big consideration, since you’ll be shooting towards it. We shot our image at golden hour and, while the warm light looked great, the sun was also lower in the sky so it was easier to frame. If you choose to shoot around midday, when the sun is higher in the sky, you’ll be forced to shoot up towards your subject, which isn’t the most flattering angle for a portrait.
Finally, the intense light can play havoc with your camera’s autofocus – but you can mitigate this by using manual focus or blocking the light and locking your focus before unblocking the light and firing the shutter.
PLEASE NOTE: Ensure you operate safely and sensibly. Never look directly into the sun (even through a viewfinder).
Lens flare photography for portraits
1. Light and kit
Cloud diffuses sunlight, so you’ll need to shoot on a day that’s clear or with frequent breaks in the cloud. We used our Nikon AF-S 70-200mm f/2.8E FL ED VR and shot at a flattering focal length of around 85mm. Lens hoods are designed to help prevent lens flare so, if you have one, make sure it’s removed.
2. Find your angle
The position of the sun will determine the angle at which you can shoot. It will be low in the sky earlier in the morning or later in the evening, which means you can shoot at a more conventional angle. At midday, when the sun is high in the sky, you’ll be forced to shoot up at your subject, which is generally considered less flattering.
3. Manual mode
Your camera will attempt to expose for the onslaught of bright light and end up underexposing the whole image, so we’d recommend using manual mode. Don’t expect your camera’s light meter to be particularly accurate, so it may take a little trial and error to achieve the correct exposure.
4. Fiddly focus
The flaring sunlight can confuse your AF system, so we’d recommend either switching to manual focus or shielding the front element with your hand to reduce the glare and make it easier for the autofocus to lock onto your subject. To do this you will need to use AF-S, back-button focusing or AF lock to prevent your camera from refocusing when you take the shot.
5. Basic edit
We edited our image in Adobe Camera Raw and slightly cooled the warm temperature, increased the Tint slider to balance the green colour cast, while increasing the whites and darkening the blacks to add a touch of contrast. We then added a generous amount of clarity and dehaze to help make the subject pop.
6. Add a little punch
We then added a subtle S-shaped tone curve to add extra punch, and finished by importing the image into Photoshop. Here we added a few colour tweaks, such as using a Selective Colour mask to increase the red hues in the model’s hair.
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