When starting out in the world of flash photography, a common piece of advice is that, when using on-camera flash, you should always avoid pointing the flash directly at your model because it creates really harsh, unflattering lighting.
In truth, if you know when to use direct flash, you can actually capture some really cool-looking images with it. Here, you’re going to need flash: a flashgun will ultimately give you more control over the settings, but you could technically use the built-in flash on your camera if that’s all you have.
This technique will generally work with any combination of camera and lens, though a 35mm lens is perfect, as the wider angle will make your images look more candid.
Direct flash technique in six steps
1. Attach your flashgun
This technique uses on-camera flash, so turn on your flashgun and start off by sitting it on top of your camera using the hotshoe mount. If you’re using your camera’s built-in flash, activate this now.
2. Shoot in Manual
Using the mode dial on the top of your camera, switch over to Full Manual mode (represented by the letter M). This will give you full control over the camera’s exposure settings.
3. Exposure settings
Now it’s time to dial in the exposure settings. Start by setting the shutter speed to around 1/250sec, and also narrow the aperture to around f/8 to ensure that you achieve an image with a deep depth of field.
4. Reduce the ISO
To ensure that you achieve the highest image quality, reduce the camera’s ISO setting to the lowest possible value. This is usually around ISO 100, though some camera’s may allow you to go lower than this.
5. Flash settings
If you’re shooting with a flashgun, now is the time to adjust its power settings. Using the controls on the back of the flash, increase the flash output to full power (1/1) for that harsh, edgy look..
6. Take the shot
Ask your model to stand in position, compose the shot, focus, and take the photo. Review the image on the back of your camera. If the image is too bright, reduce the flash power to 1/2 and try again.