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How to shoot festive bokeh-filled close-ups using your Christmas tree

Watch video: How to shoot bokeh-filled Christmas close-ups

Nothing beats finding a new tripod, lens or camera beneath the tree on Christmas Day. But an obligation to spend time with the family can mean an agonizing wait before you’re able to head out into the field and put it through its paces... So, to save you from endlessly flicking through settings menus as you daydream about sprawling vistas, we’ve come up with a fun festive project you can do without ever leaving the Christmas tree.

We all love shallow depths of field. Soft backgrounds provide an attractive dream-like aesthetic and help sharp subjects stand out more. But the most impressive aspect of a shallow depth of field is when it turns lights into vibrant orbs of bokeh. Capturing bokeh isn’t a difficult task though. You simply select the best lens for bokeh that you have, one with a wide-open maximum aperture to create a shallow depth of field and ensure there’s a suitably large distance between your subject and the light source in the background.

But what really makes bokeh stand out is when there’s lots of it, and there’s no better time of year to find multiple sources of light than Christmas. By placing a Christmas ornament in front of the tree, you can capture a dazzling display of bokeh discs in the background. All you need is a relatively fast, close-focusing lens and a tripod. Portable LED lights are also useful, but if you don’t have any, torches will do.

Once you’ve arranged and framed your festive subject, you’ll need to focus with pinpoint accuracy, while preventing camera shake using the tips and tricks on the facing page.

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(Image credit: Future)

1. Glassy reflections

Place your Christmas ornaments on a shiny base to reflect the bokeh. We placed a clear sheet of acrylic on top of a white piece of paper to create a white reflective surface to connote ice or snow. It’s also worth buffing your base to ensure the surface is super shiny.

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(Image credit: Future)

2. Super-size bokeh

The size of your discs of bokeh will depend on the aperture you use and how close your subject is to the background. The wider the aperture and the greater the distance between subject and background, the larger your glowing orbs of bokeh will be.

(Image credit: Future)

3. Camera settings

We placed our subjects about 3ft from our tree and used an aperture of f/5 to produce suitably large discs of bokeh. Turn any VR off and use Mirror-up mode and a remote shutter release to help mitigate camera shake. Using a tripod should allow you to shoot comfortably at ISO100.

(Image credit: Future)

4. Christmas lights

A standard flashgun will likely prove too powerful for your Christmas close-up, so we recommend using a couple of continuous LED lights. Try directing one on your background to illuminate the green foliage of your tree and one on your subjects to pull them from the background.

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(Image credit: Future)

5. Focus manually

Use manual focus – AF has a tendency to hunt when shooting close-ups and will refocus when you press the shutter button (unless you’re using back-button focus). If your camera doesn’t feature a focusing aid, such as Focus Peaking, zooming into Live View will help you refine your focus.

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(Image credit: Future)

6. Mould your bokeh

You can modify the shape of your bokeh with a simple DIY accessory. Take a piece of black paper and draw around the front of your lens. Cut the circle out and draw a shape in the centre (we drew a Christmas tree). Carefully cut the shape out and set up your camera on a tripod. Hold the paper directly in front of your lens and take the shot to modify the bokeh.

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Mike Harris
Mike Harris

Mike is Technique Editor for N-Photo: The Nikon Magazine, and brings with him over 10 years experience writing both freelance and for some of the biggest specialist publications. Prior to joining N-Photo Mike was the production editor for the content marketing team of Wex Photo Video, the UK’s largest online specialist photographic retailer, where he sharpened his skills in both the stills and videography spheres.  


While he’s an avid motorsport photographer, his skills extend to every genre of photography – making him one of Digital Camera World’s top tutors for techniques on cameras, lenses, tripods, filters and other imaging equipment, as well as sharing his expertise on shooting everything from portraits and landscapes to astracts and architecture to wildlife and, yes, fast things going around race tracks.