I am going to start with my view that, in most cases, a noisy image with a sharp subject is better than a blurry one with less noise. I will happily raise the ISO on my camera to ensure I get a sharp result, but I meet so many photographers who seem to worry whenever they need to use ISO800 or more.
Digital noise is more prevalent in darker parts of the image, as it’s these parts that have minimal light levels in the pixels, so to increase the sensitivity the noise gets amplified. Brighter parts of the same shot at the same ISO show less noise, as the signal-to-noise ratio is better.
Of course, a more modern Canon camera (opens in new tab) is improved from older ones. Over time the camera hardware, processor and tools have improved to make better results from noisy files. It’s remarkable what you can do now compared to a camera from 2010.
Long exposures have their own different kinds of noise, the sensor generates a repeatable pattern of noise due to temperature and individual characteristics. Knowing this, the cameras can be set for long exposure noise reduction, which starts with exposures longer than one second. After your picture is captured, the camera makes a second exposure with the shutter curtains closed, this black frame is in effect a map of the noise, and it can be ‘subtracted’ from the photograph for cleaner results.
High ISO noise reduction
High ISO noise reduction takes a few different approaches. In-camera the standard settings reduce noise but do sacrifice a little of the fine details. It may be fine for JPEG images, but you can usually get much better results by shooting Raw and working with the software tools later. Some cameras feature multi-shot noise reduction for JPEGs, this takes a series of four shots and then aggregates the result.
For static subjects multi-shot noise reduction works well, retaining the detail and reducing noise. Remember that high ISO noise reduction is not applied to Raw images at all – Digital Photo Professional will read the setting from the camera which is inside the Raw file, but other Raw processing tools in the best photo editing software (opens in new tab) completely ignore it. You’ll need to manipulate the sliders yourself.
Fortunately, the brightest parts of photos are where we are normally drawn to, if there’s only a little light when you take the shot, make sure it’s on your key subject.
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