Skip to main content

Home photography ideas: Shoot film noir portraits with a DIY gobo

Watch video: Home photography ideas: Shoot film noir portraits with a DIY gobo

Useful links

Photography projects at home
Home photography ideas (opens in new tab)

Useful home photography kit
Best tripods (opens in new tab)
Best lighting kits (opens in new tab)
Best reflectors (opens in new tab)
Best macro lenses (opens in new tab)

Gobo stands for ‘go-between object’, and it’s simply a light modifier that goes between your light source and your subject. It can be a stencil cut to fit into your lighting, or it can be a freestanding object you’ve improvised for the job.

A gobo can block the light, diffuse it, or color it. In this case we’re going to cut long rectangles in a sheet of card and place it in front of our flashgun (but not directly on the flashgun) to give the illusion that the light is passing through a blind. We’re after a film noir feel here, but you can use a gobo to create all sorts of lighting effects, and the principles are the same no matter what shape your gobo is. 

• Get more photoshoot ideas (opens in new tab)

But what’s the best way to use a gobo, and how should you set one up? Let’s take a look…

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Capture a film noir masterpiece

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Make the gobo

To make the gobo you’ll need a large sheet of card. Measure out and mark long rectangles about 2.5cm high by 60cm long, and space them about 2.5cm apart. Then take a scalpel or some scissors and cut the rectangles out. Use a steel ruler to keep the cuts straight.

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Set up the light

Attach your wireless receiver to the flashgun and mount it on a lightstand, then place the flash camera-left, about two meters away from your model. Turn on the flashgun and receiver, and set the flash to 1/16 power. Attach the wireless transmitter to your Nikon’s hotshoe.

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Set up the camera

We set f/8 in aperture-priority mode, then adjusted our ISO to 250, so that we had a shutter speed below 1/200 sec (the sync speed of the flash). We then slowed it further, to 1/25 sec, using exposure compensation, to let in more of the ambient light. 

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Position the gobo

Take your gobo and strap it to a light stand, or anything that stands upright, then set it up in front of the flashgun, about half a meter away, so it sits between the flash and the model. You can experiment with the position once you start shooting. 

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Direct the model

Don’t keep your model in one place – get them to move around. Ask them to look at the light and shift position, so you can see how the light interacts with the contours of their face. The further your model is from the gobo, the wider and more diffused any shadows will be.

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Add some atmosphere 

You could even use some artificial fog to better define the shafts of light as they pass through the gobo for some added atmosphere. You can also turn the final result black and white in Photoshop for that classic filmic effect.

(Image credit: Future)
(opens in new tab)

Reducing the power

If your flash is too bright, reduce the power to 1/32 or 1/64 until the image is correctly exposed and your highlights aren’t clipped (check this by looking at your histogram – if the graph is stacked up at the right, it’s clipped).

(opens in new tab)

N-Photo: The Nikon Magazine (opens in new tab) is a monthly publication that's entirely dedicated to Nikon users. For the best news, reviews, projects and more, subscribe to N-Photo today! 

Summer Sale - Six issue for $9.99/£9.99/€9.99 (opens in new tab)

Read more

Best camera for portraits (opens in new tab) in 2020: cameras and lenses perfect for portraits
Best portrait lenses for Nikon (opens in new tab) users: for DX and FX DSLRs and Nikon Z
Best lens for portraits (opens in new tab) in 2020: our pick of the best 85mm lenses right now

Thank you for reading 5 articles this month* Join now for unlimited access

Enjoy your first month for just £1 / $1 / €1

*Read 5 free articles per month without a subscription

Join now for unlimited access

Try first month for just £1 / $1 / €1

N-Photo: The Nikon Magazine is a monthly publication that's entirely dedicated to Nikon users. As a 100% independent magazine, you can be assured of unbiased opinion from a trustworthy team of devoted photography experts including editor Adam Waring (opens in new tab) and Technique Editor Mike Harris (opens in new tab)


Aimed at all users, from camera newcomers to working pros, every issue is packed with practical, Nikon-specific advice for taking better photos, in-depth reviews of Nikon-compatible gear, and inspiring projects and exciting video lessons for mastering camera, lens and Photoshop techniques.


Written by Nikon users for Nikon users, N-Photo is your one-stop shop for everything to do with cameras, lenses, tripods, bags, tips, tricks and techniques to get the most out of your photography.