Want to take some pictures with your new camera, or new lens, that you got for Christmas? Frustrated that the weather and light won't allow you to go outdoors to shoot photographs? Don't worry... we have put together 12 different home projects that you can shoot indoors in your own home... many of which can be done on your kitchen table using things (and people) that you have available already.
1. Icy windows
Overnight temperatures start to drop below freezing this time of year, and moisture in the air will form a plethora of icy patterns and textures on car windscreens. A kit lens is perfectly good for this project, but to get some contrast, try different heights and angles. Shoot in raw format, and use Aperture Priority with a setting of f/11.
When you convert the raw file, reduce Shadows and Blacks to accentuate contrast, and pull back the Temperature slider to get a cool, blue feel.
2. Make a splash
To get a classic studio still-life without a studio, tape a white pillowcase to a wall and kitchen worktop so it forms a scoop. With your camera on a tripod, frame up on a tumbler of water with a lemon slice. Stay level with the glass, but leave some headroom for the splash. Place an off-camera flash to one side – but point it at the background, not the glass.
3. Shoot by candlelight
It may be feeble in illuminating power, but candle light punches way above its luminosity in terms of atmosphere. To shoot a candlelit portrait, use Manual (M) mode and raw format. Include the candle in the shot, as the light is so warm that the light source is needed to help the viewer understand the image. Use an ISO of 1,600 and a fast lens like a 50mm f/1.8 at an aperture of f/2. Set a shutter speed of 1/100 sec, and focus on the nearer eye of your subject.
4. Mix oil and water
With a macro lens and a few everyday items, you can take incredible shots of oil drops floating on water. Like most macro shots, setting up carefully is essential, but the process forces you to focus on minute details. The discipline that comes from trying out this project will extend through your other styles of photography, so shooting delicate abstracts is of great overall benefit.
To prepare, fill a tumbler with water and add a drop of washing-up liquid to it. After a gentle stir, leave it to settle for 5-10 minutes, then add a few drops of cooking oil.
5. Shoot a rainy day portrait
When you shoot a portrait, the golden rule is to focus on the eyes. But rules are made to be broken, and you can shoot evocative portraits without any of the face in focus.
Pick a window on a rainy day, and you’ll notice beads of water on the glass. With your subject positioned on the other side of the pane, you can use these beads as your focal point, and shoot a sombre, reflective portrait that’s just as effective as a regular headshot.
Shoot inside-out to convey the idea that the subject is out in the cold, or shoot outside-in to give the sense of someone longing for a break in the weather. To make the shot really effective, you need a very shallow depth of field, so only the beads of water are held in sharp focus. To do this, use a lens with a fast maximum aperture like a 50mm f/1.8 prime. In Aperture Priority mode, dial in the lowest f/number, and frame up on the subject. Focus on the drops, and take the shot.
6. Get in the swing
It’s easy to make a fascinating image that captures the laws of physics! In a dark room, attach a meter of string to a light fitting and tie on the torch, and set up your camera on a tripod beneath it. Focus manually on the torch, and set the camera to Manual mode (M) with an ISO of 100, an aperture of f/11 and a shutter speed of 30 sec. Switch off the room lights, then swing the torch in a circular motion so it starts orbiting in an ever-decreasing ellipse. Fire the camera shutter, and stand back until it closes.
To get multiple ellipses in one frame, use the Bulb setting and cover the lens with black card between torch swings. To change the torch color, place clear sweet wrappers over the bulb.
7. Split second sculptures
The reason we know how water drops behave is thanks to high-speed photography. But you don’t need high-tech gear to create water art. The set-up for this project is simple, but you’ll need accurate focusing and good timing.
Fill a baking tray with water and place it on a worktop. Place a chair over it, so you have somewhere to attach a freezer bag half-filled with water. Punch a hole in the corner of the bag with a safety pin, and you’ll get a regular flow of drips into the tray.
Put your camera on a tripod and fill the frame with the drip tray water and the drip itself. A macro lens can be useful but isn’t essential. Whatever you place behind the drip tray will be reflected in the water, so experiment with paper sheets of different colors and textures. With your set built, place a flashgun to one side, propped up on some books, and point it at the background.
Accurate focusing is essential, so switch to Manual Focus mode and place the tip of a pencil at the splash site, and focus on this. Now you just have to concentrate on getting your timing right.
8. Painting with light
Move a small light source within the frame during a long exposure, and you will record ethereal streaks of light. You can trace around a subject with a torch to outline it, light it from different angles with the torch beam, or even move colored string lights behind it for an amazing background.
Place your camera on a tripod, then frame up and focus on your subject. Now switch to Manual Focus to lock off the focusing distance, and set the mode to Manual (M). Dial in an ISO of 200, a shutter speed of 8 sec, and an aperture of f/16. Set the Self Timer to 5 sec. You can now switch off the lights.
Fire the camera, get into position, and when the shutter opens you have the duration of the shutter speed to make your light painting. You can dial in a longer exposure if needed – just keep the torch moving all the time to avoid hotspots. You can paint a whole subject in one long take, or can split the work into separate shots and blend them together in Photoshop.
9. Strike a match
When a match is struck, it flares into life so quickly that we can’t actually observe what happens at the precise moment of ignition. But by shooting a rapid burst of shots at high frame rate, we can record this amazing moment and get a shot that straddles the divide between art and science. You need a macro lens to record it, but leave plenty of room around the match head when you compose, as the fiery flare is bigger than you’d think!
10. Smoke signals
Capturing wisps of smoke is easy to achieve if you can get the lighting right. To get the shot, light an incense stick and place it in front of a dark background. Use an off-camera flashgun in its Manual mode to light it from one side, making sure that the light doesn’t spill onto the backdrop or the lens. Focus on the tip of the stick, then switch to manual focus to lock the focus distance.
Use Manual mode, and set an aperture of f/8 and a shutter speed of 1/200 sec. Now take some test shots, and adjust the flash power to make the smoke brighter or darker, until you have the perfect exposure.
11. Freezing flowers
Cover the base of an ice-cream container with about 2cm of water and pop it in the freezer. Once it’s solid, place a colorful flower on the ice, and add enough water to cover it. Freeze it again, and the end result will be a flower encased in a block of ice.
Remove the frozen block from the carton, place it on a draining board, and set up your camera on a tripod. Use a torch to light the ice from different angles, and you’ll quickly find a number of highly textured, colorful compositions.
12. Smart art with a smartphone
The small LED light on a smartphone is perfect for creating light traces. With a little practice, you can draw any shape in the air by shooting a long exposure. Wear dark clothing and keep moving, and you won’t appear in the shot.
To set up the camera, use Manual mode and pre-focus manually on the area where you’re going to do your painting. A good starting point is ISO 100, f/16 and a shutter speed of 30 seconds.
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