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    77 photography techniques, tips and tricks for taking pictures of anything

    | Photography Tips | 07/02/2014 00:01am
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    Learn new photography techniques – and master old ones – with this essential photographer’s resource. This list of 77 photography techniques to try covers some of the most popular types of photography.

    Whether you want to improve your portrait photography or learn how to take better landscapes, discover the secret to sharp close-up photos or start out in street photography, you’ll find some essential tips and tricks here.

    Words by Marcus Hawkins

    77 photography techniques, tips and tricks for taking pictures of anything

    Portrait photography techniques, tips and tricks

    Improve your photos of people with our quick and easy camera techniques

    Portrait photography technique 01: focus on the eyes
    While eye contact is not always desirable in a portrait, sharp eyes certainly are. Manually select an AF point that’s positioned over one of your model’s eyes, or use the central focus point to lock focus on their eye.

    Then, with the shutter release half-pressed to keep the setting locked, recompose your picture before taking the shot.

    SEE MORE
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    Shoot Like a Pro: outdoor portrait photography made easy

    Nifty Fifty Lens: how much blur do you get with a 50mm f/1.8

    Portrait photography technique 02: using a standard or telephoto lens
    Wide-angle lenses are a great choice for photographing environmental portraits, where you want to show a person within a specific context. However, wide-angle lenses used close-up will distort facial features and creative unflattering pictures.

    A better choice for portraits is either a standard lens or a short telephoto lens. The classic portrait focal lengths for a full-frame camera are 50mm, 85mm prime lenses and a 70-200mm zoom.

    These will help to compress features and provide a more natural-looking result.

    SEE MORE
    Nifty Fifty Lens: how much blur do you get with a 50mm f/1.8
    Best 50mm lens for your camera: 8 nifty fifty lenses tested and rated

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    Portrait photography technique 03: use Aperture Priority mode
    Aperture Priority gives you direct control over the aperture, and as a result the depth of field (DOF).

    Fast prime lenses, such as 50mm f/1.4 and 85mm f/1.2 enable you to choose very large apertures for a shallow depth of field. This can help you create those creamy-smooth, out of focus backgrounds that give portraits a professional quality.

    Working with such a narrow band of sharpness means that you need to be accurate with focusing – the entire portrait will look soft if you don’t focus accurately on the eyes.

    SEE MORE
    DoF Defined: controlling depth of field in photography
    How to photograph anything: best camera settings for portrait photography
    What is the best aperture for outdoor portrait photography?

    Indoor portrait photography: 10 tips for using only one lens and natural light

    Image by Pete Travers

    Portrait photography technique 04: using window light
    You don’t need an expensive home studio lighting kit to take amazing portraits – a window and a reflector can help you achieve stunning natural results without spending too much.

    Position your model at an angle to the window and use a white or silver reflector to open up any shadows across their face. A silver reflector will give a crisper quality of light than a white one, although the effect won’t be as subtle.

    Be aware of any colour casts that may be introduced by features on the other side of the glass  as well – a lush green lawn can give skin tones a sickly quality, while late evening sunlight on a patio will reflect lots of warm light.

    SEE MORE
    Indoor portrait photography: 10 tips for using only one lens and natural light
    Master your home photo studio: setup, settings, accessories explained

    Abuse your raw files for a striking high-key portrait: how to deliberately overexpose the highlights using Photoshop Elements to get a stunning effect

    Portrait photography technique 05: high-key portraits
    Deliberately choosing to over-expose a photo to create a ‘high-key’ effect results in a light and delicate look that can enhance feminine portraits and pictures of children.

    The trick is not to blow the highlights in-camera, but rather brighten up the shot later in software such as Photoshop.

    Shooting RAW files will give you the most editing head-room, as you’ll be able to extract more detail across the tonal range in raw compared to JPEGs.

    SEE MORE
    Abuse your raw files for a striking high-key portrait
    Raw images: 10 tips every beginner must know before ditching JPEG

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    Portrait photography technique 06: baby portraits
    When it comes to lighting baby portraits, natural light is the best choice. Flash will just end up spooking them. Try and position them near to a window and use a reflector to bounce light into any shadows.

    The more light you can get onto your subject, the lower ISO sensitivity you can use for the best quality photos.

    To catch a baby at their best, photograph them just after a feed or when they’ve woken up first thing in the morning.

    They’ll be more active and alert than at other times of the day, and you’re more likely to get the kind of cooing baby portraits that parents will love.

    SEE MORE
    Baby photography: tips for the newborn again photographer
    11 clever baby poses from birth to age 2

    Professional Photographer to the Rescue: child photography without the complication

    Portrait photography technique 07: photographing children
    Taking photos of children is fun but challenging. Keep a kids’ portrait session short and entertaining. Play games with them: ask them of they can see their reflection in the front element of the lens is a good way to get some eye contact.

    Fit a wide-angle lens and shoot without looking, poking the camera into their face. Get them used to the shutter sound and not having to look down the lens and smile.

    Make the most of opportunities when they’re still for a moment, such as when they’re concentrating on a toy. Chat to them as you would with adults and once you’ve taken a few photos show them the results on the LCD screen, so that they feel involved.

    SEE MORE
    Child photography: tips for taking natural-looking portraits of children
    13 tips for taking better pictures of babies, toddlers and teenagers
    Child photography without the complication

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    Portrait photography technique 08: shooting in burst mode
    Whether you’re taking a child’s portrait or a group portrait, set your camera in its fastest drive setting. You don’t need to machine gun the shutter release, but shooting in short bursts will ensure you capture a fleeting range of expressions.

    It also improves your chances of getting a shot where everyone’s eyes are open in a group portrait.

    Even if you don’t capture everyone’s eyes open or their beaming smiles, having a range of shots taken fractions of a second apart means you can easily swap faces in Photoshop.

    SEE MORE
    Photoshop face lift: how to swap bad expressions for smiles
    Continuous shooting mode: why more is better

    Group photography tips: 11 Make a moody sky

    Portrait photography technique 09: posing group portraits
    When you’re arranging a group portrait, the first thing you’ll probably consider is height, putting taller people at the back and shorter people at the front.

    However, keep a close eye on clothing too. It’s easy to miss clashing colours while you’re focusing on everyone’s height, and that will be more noticeable in the final picture.

    To ensure everyone appears sharp, you need to use an aperture of at least f/8 with a wide-angle lens. But if you’re taking an indoor group portrait, you’ll need to use a high ISO in order to shoot at that aperture and get sharp handheld photos.

    Photos may end up full of noise, and even then the shutter speed may not be fast enough for sharp images. A trick here is to arrange everyone in a line along the same focal plane, then the aperture doesn’t have to be so narrow.

    SEE MORE
    Group photography: 12 ways to make your portraits shine
    18 of the best-ever posing tips for group photos
    How to shoot a group portrait indoors

    Family photo ideas: make a striking family portrait from individual faces in profile

    Portrait photography technique 10: family photo posing ideas
    Think about how your arrangement of people in a group family portrait can tell a story about the relationship between the different members.

    A simple idea is to place the emphasis on the patriarch or matriarch of the family, or the newest arrival. By grouping the rest of the family around them, you’ll be able to create a clear focal point.

    For larger family group photos, use furniture – whether that’s a sofa for indoor shots or a gate for outdoor portraits – to break the group up. Sit the children in front of it and have the adults standing behind it.

    SEE MORE
    Free family portrait photography cheat sheet
    10 family portrait photography mistakes every photographer makes
    How to pose for photos: find the most flattering angles for you and your subjects
    10 classic posing mistakes every photographer makes (and how to avoid them)

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    Portrait photography technique 11: candlelight portraits
    When you’re taking photos by candlelight, you’ll need to push the ISO to 1600 and beyond and work with large apertures if you’re to get a fast enough shutter speed to freeze any motion in your model, the camera or the candle flames.

    Turn your camera’s flash off and use Manual exposure mode. Switch off any lights, take a meter reading from your portrait-sitter’s face and let the rest of the room slip into darkness.

    If you’re planning a candlelit portrait shoot, use more than one candle. Not only will it increase the amount of light available to make the exposure, but it will allow you to spread the illumination for softer shadows.

    SEE MORE
    How to take fantastic candle-lit portraits

    PAGE 1: Portrait photography techniques
    PAGE 2: Landscape photography techniques
    PAGE 3: Macro photography techniques
    PAGE 4: Wildlife photography techniques
    PAGE 5: Night photography techniques
    PAGE 6: Street photography techniques
    PAGE 7: Flash photography techniques

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    40 more portrait ideas: part 2 of our free downloadable posing guide
    17 posing tips and in-camera slimming tricks for shooting curvy models
    19 stellar posing tips and camera tricks for flattering pictures of older people
    Free portrait lighting cheat sheet


    Posted on Friday, February 7th, 2014 at 12:01 am under Photography Tips.

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