Program Mode Explained: how to creatively shift aperture and shutter speed

    | Photography for Beginners | 06/02/2014 00:01am

    Program mode alternatives

    Recognise when Program mode can get it wrong – and what you can do about it

    Program mode alternatives: Bright or dark scenes

    Bright or dark scenes
    The exposure generated by Program mode is an automatic one, based on the metering mode selected on the camera. As a result, it can get things wrong: typically over-exposing dark subjects and under-exposing bright ones.

    Using Program Shift to select a different combination of aperture and shutter speed will have no effect on the overall exposure, so use your camera’s exposure compensation feature.

    SEE MORE: Raw format vs JPEG: how much can you REALLY recover in raw?

    Program mode alternatives: Flash exposures

    Flash exposures
    Program mode is not a good choice for
flash photography, because your choice of aperture and shutter speed will be limited.

    Program Shift won’t be available, and your camera will default to a shutter speed that’s between 1/60 sec and the maximum ‘sync speed’ (the fastest shutter speed that can be used with the flash). Consider using one of the other semi-automatic or manual shooting modes instead.


    Program mode alternatives: Low light

    Low light
    Program mode is limited by the range of apertures offered on the lens, and the shutter speeds available as a result. In low light you may not be able to select an aperture that will give a fast enough shutter speed for sharp pictures.

    If you’re already working at the lens’s largest aperture, select a higher ISO setting to increase the shutter speed. Alternatively, use Auto ISO and let the camera vary the ISO according to conditions.

    PAGE 1: Program Mode Explained
    PAGE 2: Working in Program Shift
    PAGE 3: Using aperture and shutter speed in Program mode
    PAGE 4: How to shift the exposure
    PAGE 5: Program mode alternatives


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    Posted on Thursday, February 6th, 2014 at 12:01 am under Photography for Beginners.

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