How to shoot waves
Grey skies can make the ideal scenario for capturing the rhythmical movement of waves, and wild shorelines offer the best opportunities.
A mid-distance focal point such as a headland, pier or offshore rocks is desirable, but you can create equally effective images with just a pebble beach and moving water.
The technique itself is very straightforward and relies on shooting at an appropriate shutter speed to capture the moving water with a degree of blurring.
There isn’t a specific shutter speed that works in all situations, so it’s worth experimenting by taking a few shots at different speed settings.
Use a low ISO setting, a small aperture and fit a polarising filter or neutral density filter to lengthen the exposure time.
Shoot receding waves
When photographing waves using a slow shutter speed, capture the effect of receding water by starting the exposure just at the moment the wave begins to turn and flow back down the beach. An exposure time of around one to two seconds is usually about right.
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