Landscape Photography Mistake No. 7: Sky washed out or the land underexposed
One of the problems with shooting a landscape is that the sky is often significantly brighter than the land beneath it and many cameras are only capable of recording detail in one of them in a single image.
In many cases this can result in the land looking correctly exposed, but the sky being washed out and uninteresting.
Alternatively, the sky may look great, but the foreground is underexposed and gloomy.
The traditional way of resolving this problem is to use a graduated neutral density (ND) filter on the lens with the dark part of the filter positioned over the sky.
This evens out the exposure difference between the land and sky enabling detail to be recorded in both in a single shot.
Digital photography has provided an alternative means of correcting this problem.
At its simplest this involves shooting two images with different exposures and then combining the sky from one shot with the land from the other.
In addition, some photographers employed HDR techniques to merge several images taken at different exposures.
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Landscape Photography Mistake No. 8: Obvious graduated ND filter use
Using the image combining technique to record detail in the sky and the land avoids a problem that dogs the use of ND filters; working out where to position the transition section of the filter so that it goes unnoticed.
Unfortunately any objects that extend into the sky, such as trees, buildings or even ills and mountains, will have a noticeable exposure change along their length.
This problem is hard to disguise even with neutral density filters that have a soft gradation, so digital techniques offer a helpful alternative provided that the photographer is careful with the selection or masking when combining the images.
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