Wildlife Photography Mistakes: 07 Depth of field too shallow
Because you need to use a fast shutter speed to freeze movement and a long telephoto lens to frame your subject tightly you are likely to have to use a wide aperture and you may find that depth of field is very restricted.
This can mean that only the subject’s face is sharp and its body is soft. While this may be effective in some cases, in others it just doesn’t work.
If you need to close down the aperture to get greater depth of field you’ll have to do push-up sensitivity setting that you’re using.
Naturally you want to keep this as low as possible to avoid the introduction of noise, but sometimes there’s just no avoiding it.
Another option, of course, is to return when the light is better allowing a smaller aperture and fast shutter speed to be used.
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Wildlife Photography Mistakes: 08 Birds underexposed
It can be particularly tricky to expose birds in flight correctly because the bright sky can fool your camera’s exposure system into under exposing the image.
Rather than using your camera’s multi-zone, evaluative or matrix metering system switch to using centreweighted or even spot metering.
Provided that the metering point is linked to the AF point and that you keep the active AF point over the subject, these modes should ensure that the subject is correctly exposed, although the brightness or darkness of the image of the subject will play a part.
Keep an eye on the histogram in your camera’s LCD screen and try to avoid having a large peak at one end or the other indicating that there are lots of very dark pixels or lots of very bright pixels.
If necessary use the exposure compensation facility to get the subject looking right.
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