10 common exposure problems every photographer faces (and how to fix them)
Exposure Problem 5. Spot meter on
Although your camera’s spot meter can be extremely useful, if you forget that it is selected you can end up with some wild exposures.
The problem is that the spotmeter measures the brightness of a very small area of the scene and the camera suggests exposure settings that will render this small target a midtone.
If the spotmetering area falls over a highlight the exposure will be less than it should be and the image will be underexposed.
Conversely, if the metering spot is over a dark part of the scene the image will be overexposed.
The way to avoid such problems is to always remember to turn your camera back to the metering setting that you normally use – evaluative, matrix or multi-zone for example.
If you find that your camera is suggesting widely variable exposure settings, or that you have taken a collection of unexpectedly dark or light images, then check the metering method.
Special note for Canon SLR users
Canon’s iFCL metering system weights the exposure towards what is required by the subject under the active AF point and while this can be very helpful, in high contrast situations it can result in images that are much darker or lighter than expected. If this happens you need to use the exposure compensation system to get the image looking right.
Exposure Problem 1. White subject made grey
Exposure Problem 2. Black subject made grey
Exposure Problem 3. Camera in the wrong exposure mode
Exposure Problem 4. Underexposed back-lit subject
Exposure Problem 5. Spotmeter on
Exposure Problem 6. Underexposed foreground in a landscape
Exposure Problem 7. Overexposed clouds in a landscape
Exposure Problem 8. Exposure compensation set incorrectly
Exposure Problem 9. Shutter speed too slow to freeze movement
Exposure Problem 10. Wrong sensitivity setting selected
When to use spot metering
Spot Metering: how to find the right area of a scene
Creative spot metering: how professionals expose in high-contrast coditions
on Wednesday, April 10th, 2013 at 12:01 am under Photography Tips.
Tags: camera tips, exposure, hot