Exposure Problem 7. Overexposed clouds in a landscape
Like exposure problem number 6, this can be caused by an imbalance between the brightness of the sky and the ground in a landscape, however in this case the camera’s metering system has favoured the foreground and set an exposure that makes the brightest part of the sky burn out.
As with the previous problem, this can be resolved by using an ND Grad filter to balance out the exposure across the scene or by making use of modern digital technology to create a high dynamic range (HDR) image.
The best HDR photography is made by combining two or more shots that are taken at different exposure settings, with one set for the sky and the other for the land.
These images can then be combined in an image editing package or using specialist HDR software.
Because the two images need to match up it is essential that the camera doesn’t move between them, so it should be mounted on a sturdy tripod.
Exposure Problem 8. Exposure compensation set incorrectly
One of the most common exposure mistakes is to adjust the exposure compensation for an image and then forget to reset it to zero before shooting a different scene.
Before you start shooting try to get into the habit of checking the metering and exposure compensation settings.
But if you find that your camera is producing consistently brighter or darker images than you expect, check the exposure compensation value.