15 common photography questions from beginners (and how to solve them)
Common Photography Questions From Beginners, 12-13
12 How do I make water look nice and smooth?
This popular landscape photography effect isn’t as difficult to achieve as you might first think. You simply need to use a very long exposure!
With a long exposure (aka very slow shutter speed) any movement in shot – whether it’s people, cars, or water – will be turned into motion blur. The longer the exposure, the more blurred this movement becomes.
It’s vital to use a tripod to ensure your camera remains rock-steady, and use either a cable release or the Self-timer Drive mode to ensure that the action of pressing the shutter doesn’t jog the camera.
It’s also best to use Live View to compose and focus your scene (see right for setup tips), and set your ISO to 100 and the narrowest aperture your lens allows (eg f/22) to obtain the longest possible exposure.
Shoot on overcast days and when light levels are lowest – early mornings and late afternoons are best. It depends on how fast the water is flowing in your chosen scene, but the longer your exposure the smoother the water will become.
If your exposure still isn’t smoothly blurred enough, you’ll need an ND (neutral density) filter – this semi-opaque filter cuts down the amount of light hitting your sensor. A 30-sec exposure is about the optimum for artistically blurred water in landscape shots.
13 Why are my winter outdoor portraits so dull?
It’s a common complaint. You need to get light onto your subject’s face to lighten them up. As sunlight comes from above, people often end up with shadows on their faces, or on an overcast winter’s day or shooting in the shade, there may be hardly any useful light.
With a reflector
The solution is to use a reflector – a pop-up reflective surface that bounces light back onto people’s faces to brighten up portraits. Alternatively, use a little ‘fill flash’ – use your pop-up flash in Aperture or Shutter Priority mode.
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on Wednesday, February 6th, 2013 at 3:52 pm under Beginner.
Tags: beginner tips, hot, new cameras