Flash photography basics: every common question answered

Flash photography basics: every common question answered

Controlling flash exposure

Three quick and easy ways to ensure perfect results by adjusting the exposures of your flash pictures

Flash Photography Basics: Flash Exposure Compensation

1 Flash Exposure Compensation
This allows you to adjust the output from the flash, making the subject 
lit by flash either brighter (positive compensation) or darker (negative compensation). Flash Exposure Compensation can be applied on the camera, or on a dedicated flashgun attached to the camera.


Flash Photography Basics: Flash Exposure Lock

2 Flash Exposure Lock
Some cameras (like Canon’s 7D) have an FEL (Flash Exposure Lock) or FV (Flash Value Lock) button. Ensure the main subject is in the middle of the picture, then press the Flash Lock button. The flash will fire without an exposure being made, but the exposure setting will now be locked in. Simply reframe and take the picture.


Flash Photography Basics: Flash Exposure Bracketing

3 Flash Exposure Bracketing
If timing isn’t crucial, try taking a series of exposures at a range of Flash Exposure Compensation settings to improve the chances of getting the perfect ratio of flash to ambient light. Advanced flashguns and cameras offer Automatic Flash Exposure Bracketing.

PAGE 1: Common questions about flash photography
PAGE 2: Controlling flash exposure
PAGE 3: How to get flash in sync
PAGE 4: Flash photography cheat sheet – what you need from your flashgun


The easy way to set up off-camera flash for perfectly lit shots
Flash compensation: how to get perfectly balanced exposures
Wireless flash triggers: how to set up and shoot with off-camera flash