The essential A-Z of photography slang

    | Photography Tips | 15/06/2012 03:00am
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    Long Tom
    Rarely used by anyone other than the old guard of the photography world, ‘Long Tom’ can be used interchangeably for ‘telephoto lens’. The term is a direct reference to the Long Tom, a field gun used by the US Army during World World II.

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    Machine gunner
    A photographer who takes 10 shots when they only need to take one. Machine gunners put their cameras in the fastest drive mode and invariably end up with memory cards full of duplicate images (find out how your memory cards work).

    Magic hour/Golden hour
    A term tossed about by earnest landscape photographers that refers to the time after dawn and before dusk where the sun tends to be at its warmest and most interesting. Shooting landscapes in this golden light gives pictures soul, man… (for more on how to use natural light, check out our guide See the light like a pro: everything you were afraid to ask about natural light).

    Marching ants
    The dotted lines that flicker around areas that have been selected with the marquee tool in Photoshop.

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    Nifty fifty
    A 50mm lens with a maximum aperture of f/1.8 of faster is known as a ‘nifty fifty’. Lenses in this range are fast, lightweight and frequently optically superb. But the best bit is the price. The f/1.8 and f/1.4 50mm lenses are often the best value bits of glass you can buy.

    Noise
    Picture noise is the digital equivalent of film grain, although nowhere near as appealing (learn how to reduce noise at high ISO settings). Pictures become speckled and gritty as you increase the ISO sensitivity on the camera (because you’re essentially ‘turning up the volume’ on the light that’s being captured).

    OOF
    Out of Focus. An acronym often seen in online picture critiques As in “I like the way you’ve made the grass OOF”.

    Pap/Papping
    Easy one this – Pap is the shortened version of Paparazzo and Papping is what they get up to.

    Pixel peeper
    Someone who spends too much time looking at images files at 100% on their computer and assessing noise and resolution ‘at the pixel level’ rather than making pictures.

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    Prime
    A lens with a fixed focal length (such as 20mm, 50mm, 80mm). Zoom lenses cover a range of focal lengths (such as 80-200mm). For more on primes, check out our… primer: 9 things you should know about using prime lenses.

    RTFM
    As in “What does X button do? How do activate Y mode? Where do I find Z function in the menu?” “RTFM!”

    Often spat in the direction of people who repeatedly ask questions about their camera functions on internet forums, RTFM stands for Read The Frikkin’ Manual (we’ve substituted one word here to protect fragile photographers).

    And for those who did read the manual, here is what your digital camera’s manual didn’t teach you.

    Shutterbug
    An American term for a photographer who eats, drinks and sleeps photography. Shutterbugs carry a camera with them at all times and shoot absolutely everything without mercy.

    Shutter nutter
    The British version of shutterbug. Shutter nutters are slightly less refined than shutterbugs, however, and can often be found at cruising camera trade shows, repeatedly photographing ‘booth babes’.

    Soup
    An old photography slang term for developer.

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    Stop
    A stop is a measure of exposure, usually referred to as ‘EV’ (Exposure Value) in cameras. The aperture, shutter speed and ISO settings on a camera can all be measured in stops, although the actual figures used are different across all three. Each stop represents a doubling or halving of exposure (to learn more, download our free photography cheat sheet on understanding exposure compensation).

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    Tog
    The abbreviated form of ‘Photographer’ has become the Marmite of photography slang. You either love it or loathe it. It makes us feel slightly nauseous.

    Touching up/retouching
    The process of enhancing a picture in image editing software. This term is often used to describe the process of whitening eyes and teeth, and improving skin tone  on a portrait, although the idea of ‘touching up a model’ is a little unsavory…

    Uncle Bob
    The name that wedding photographers give to a wedding guest who comes armed with a big DSLR, big lenses and expensive flash gun. Often used derogatorily, as in “A right Uncle Bob was always getting in my way.”

    UWA
    Acronym for Ultra Wide Angle lens.

    Wide open
    When a lens is set at its smallest f-number, such as f/2.8 or f/4, it’s being used ‘wide open’. At this point, the aperture (the hole in the lens) is at its maximum, letting in as much light as possible. Wide apertures mean shorter shutter speeds are required to take a picture, so lenses are often used wide open to take pictures of sport and action (to learn more about this, download our cheat sheet on when to use small or wide apertures).

    xpro
    A rare, pointlessly text speak-style abbreviation of ‘cross processing’.

    Zoom creep
    Not a dirty old man with a long lens, but rather what happens if you point a superzoom lens up or down, and the zoom position slowly shifts.

    PAGE 1: Artifact through Light bucket
    PAGE 2: Long Tom through Zoom creep

    READ MORE

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    Posted on Friday, June 15th, 2012 at 3:00 am under Photography Tips.

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